European Union Advisory Mission in Ukraine
European Union Advisory Mission Ukraine (EUAM Ukraine) is a civilian Common Security & Defence Policy (CSDP) mission of the European Union. It aims to assist Ukrainian authorities to reform civilian security sector. It provides strategic advice and practical support to make Ukrainian civilian security sector more effective, efficient, transparent and enjoying public trust. EUAM Ukraine works with a number of law enforcement and rule of law institutions of Ukraine and it formally began operation on December 1, 2014, following Ukrainian Government's request.
EUAM Ukraine employs over 300 personnel that operate in Kyiv, Lviv, Odesa and Kharkiv implementing Mission mandate according to such three main pillars of activity:
- Strategic advice
- Hands-on advice and training for the Ukrainian partners
- Cooperation and coordination with Ukrainian and international counterparts and stakeholders
- Human Resources Management - EUAM Ukraine supports its counterparts' efforts in ensuring that right people are employed to carry out the reform. As part of this effort, EUAM Ukraine helps its partners introduce merit-based, transparent recruitment system, as well as clearly measured performance evaluation system
- Public Order - EUAM Ukraine assists Ukrainian authorities in introducing best European practices in public order respecting human rights. EUAM Ukraine helps develop required legislation, as well as provides training for law-enforcement units responsible for ensuring safe and peaceful mass gatherings (political rallies, sporting events etc.). EUAM assists National Police of Ukraine in creating and supporting new public order units - dialog police - by providing training and equipment
- Delineation of Competencies - EUAM Ukraine advises Ukraine on how to divide labour and responsibilities between different civilian security sector agencies. It is important to coordinate the work of various agencies to avoid overlap. EUAM promotes vertical delineation (between the ministry and subordinated agencies), horizontal delineation (between various agencies working in civilian security sector), as well delineation within any given agency
- Criminal Investigation - EUAM Ukraine helps Ukraine to fight organized crime and corruption to preserve the rule of law and protect citizens against crime. EUAM Ukraine, together with National Police of Ukraine and other international organizations, set up a special working group on criminal investigation that, among other issues, promotes Intelligence-led policing, creation of e-Criminal Case Management System and establishing witness protection program etc.
- Community Policing - This is a new concept of police work in Ukraine. It is based on the concept of building trust between the police and community they serve through transparency, openness and pro-activity. The aim of community policing philosophy is to transform police from being an instrument of the state into servants of the people
Having identified Five Priorities above that affect Ukrainian partners working in Ukraine's civilian security sector in a different way, EUAM Ukraine identified three "cross-cutting issues" that play part in each of the Five Priorities and are relevant to all civilian security sector agencies. These cross-cutting issues are:
- Human Rights & Gender - Human rights perspective and gender mainstreaming are an essential part of EUAM Ukraine's advice to Ukrainian partners working in civilian security sector, in particular the police.
- Anti-Corruption - As corruption is widely considered the biggest obstacle to the reform in Ukraine, EUAM Ukraine aims to enhance anti-corruption capacities of Ukraine's law-enforcement agencies and the judiciary. In this regard, EUAM Ukraine assists the newly established anti-corruption agencies of Ukraine (NABU, SAPO and NAPC)
- Good Governance - EUAM Ukraine's objective is to make sure that EU principles of good governance - openness, participation, accountability, effectiveness and coherence - are reflected in the advice and support provided by the Mission
Head of Mission
Antti Juhani Hartikainen (since 1 July 2019)
Previous Heads of Mission:
- Kestutis Lancinskas (1.02.2016 - 31.05.2019)
- Kalman Mizsei (8.08.2014 - 31.01.2016)
When the Mission was launched in 2014, it operated from its HQ in Kyiv. As the activities were expanding and number of projects carried out by EUAM Ukraine in the regions increased, two Field Offices (FO) - in Kharkiv and Lviv - were established. In 2018, field office in Odesa and a Mobile Unit that operates across the country were added to support EUAM commitments in the regions. A second Mobile Unit was established in 2019
- Ministry of Internal Affairs (MoIA) and its agencies (National Police, Patrol Police, State Border Guard Service etc.)
- Security Service (SSU)
- General Prosecutor's Office (GPO), as well as
- judiciary authorities and anti-corruption bodies (NABU, SAPO, SBI).
Some of key EUAM Ukraine achievements in the Civilian Security Sector reform include contributing to:
- drafting strategic documents (among them Law on National Security, Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine's Development Strategy 2020, Witness Protection Program, Security Service of Ukraine Reform Concept and Action Plan etc.)
- introduction of community policing concept into police work
- introduction and promotion of a new approach to public order through dialog police
- assistance in development of the Serious & Organised Crime Threat Assessment (SOCTA) program to help fight serious and organised crime in Ukraine
- restructuring the work of police criminal investigations departments by merging investigators and operatives etc.
- "Military and civilian missions and operations". EEAS - European External Action Service - European Commission. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
- "Agreement between Ukraine and the EU on EUAM Ukraine status". zakon.rada.gov.ua. Retrieved 2019-06-07.
- "The EU Advisory Mission to Ukraine was formed in response to revolution". www.lawsociety.ie. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- "EU: Ukraine's civilian security sector should be developed from scratch". BBC News Україна (in Ukrainian). 2014-11-17. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- "Reforming police by EU standards: can it be successful". DW.COM (in Ukrainian). 2015-02-06. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- "About Us". EUAM Ukraine. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- "EU reform in Ukraine: prosecuting the prosecutor". EUobserver. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
- "National Police fares well while SBU still unreformed". KyivPost. 2019-05-30. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- "Field Offices". EUAM Ukraine. 2018-06-12. Retrieved 2019-06-20.
- "EU refurbishes 20 community-friendly police stations across Ukraine". ReliefWeb. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- "Where is Ukraine's new police force?". openDemocracy. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- "Reform of state security service gets lost in bureaucratic maze". KyivPost. 2018-05-11. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
- "Less staff sitting in offices: How a German helps reform Ukrainian police". DW.COM (in Ukrainian). 2017-02-13. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- "The IV training session on public order issues held by EUAM for the leadership of the National Police of Ukraine". www.naiau.kiev.ua. Retrieved 2019-06-21.
- "Together with people and EU: new police reform". DW.COM (in Ukrainian). 2017-04-11. Retrieved 2019-06-24.
- "EUAM Ukraine trained over 5000 police officers in 3 years". www.eurointegration.com.ua (in Ukrainian). 2018-05-19. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- "Ukrainian law-enforcers learn EUROPOL's methods". yur-gazeta.com (in Ukrainian). 2017-06-15. Retrieved 2019-06-25.
- "Progress in reform". EUAM Ukraine. 2017-05-23. Retrieved 2019-06-20.