European Rowing Championships

The European Rowing Championships is an international Rowing regatta organised by FISA (the International Rowing Federation) for European rowing nations, plus Israel which, though not a member of the European federation is treated as a European nation for competition purposes.[1]

European Rowing Championships
Statusactive
Genresports event
Date(s)midyear
Frequencyannual
Inaugurated1893
Organised byFISA

The championships date back to 1893, the year after FISA was founded. Over time, the competition grew in status and as it was not restricted to European countries, became regarded as the quasi-world championships. The World Rowing Championships were commenced in 1962 and the last European Championships were held in 1973 as from 1974, the World Championships became an annual event. The European Championships were re-introduced in 2007 but with a narrower focus on Europe.

History

The first regatta held as a European Rowing Championships was held in 1893 and these continued annually until 1913; the 1914 to 1919 events did not occur due to World War I. The annual schedule was next interrupted in 1928 when the Amsterdam Olympics were regarded as a replacement event; the 1920 Antwerp Olympics or the 1924 Paris Olympics had previously not been a reason for skipping the European Championships. The next time the Olympics were held in Europe, i.e. the 1936 Berlin Olympics, again saw the European Championships skipped. World War II saw the 1939 to 1946 regattas cancelled. The next European event was held in 1947, with subsequent years skipped due to Europe-based Olympics in 1948 (London) and 1952 (Helsinki).

The 1951 European Rowing Championships is notable as the first test event for international women's rowing organised by the International Rowing Federation (FISA). Regattas continued under that name until 1973. From 1962, the event was replaced (one year in four) by the World Rowing Championships, which then became an annual event from 1974. Women's events were introduced in 1954, the first international races for women,[2][3] but even then men's and women's events were held on different days, and in some years at different venues.

On 27 May 2006 the FISA members voted to re-introduce a separate European Rowing Championships in its own right.

In the first regatta there were only three events (men's single, coxed four and eight) and only ten entries. Races were 3,000 m long, except for singles – which were only 2,000 m. Coxed pair was first raced in the following year and double scull was added in 1898. Coxless pair was added in 1924 and coxless four was added the year after.[4] The next change after that was the inclusion of women's rowing.

In 2007, when the European Rowing Championship was re-introduced, there were 14 Olympic boat classes racing over 2,000m. Historically the leading European nations, notably Great Britain and Germany, had taken a haphazard approach to attending the championships. Following the 2012 Summer Olympics, however, both fully committed to the event going forward, and from that date, the championships have progressed rapidly to represent one of the key events in world rowing; given the historic and modern strength of European rowing, they rank behind only the Olympic Games, World Championships and World Cup Series. In Olympic years, when World Championships are not held, they provide a key test ahead of the Olympic regatta, in addition to a significant competitive opportunity in their own right.

In 2015, European Rowing announced that the 2018 edition of the championships would form part of the first European Championships, a co-branded multi-sport event organised by, and consisting of the European championships of, the individual European sports federations.

Editions

The first regatta held as a European Rowing Championships was held in 1893. [5] [6] [7] [8] [lower-alpha 1]

Edition Year Host City Country Events
11893Lake Orta Italy3
21894Mâcon France4
31895Ostend Belgium4
41896Geneva  Switzerland4
51897Pallanza Italy4
61898Turin Italy5
71899Ostend Belgium5
81900Paris France5
91901Zürich  Switzerland5
101902Strasbourg Germany5
111903Venice Italy5
121904Paris France5
131905Ghent Belgium5
141906Pallanza Italy5
151907Rhine Germany5
161908Lucerne  Switzerland5
171909Paris France5
181910Ostend Belgium5
191911Como Italy5
201912Geneva  Switzerland5
211913Ghent Belgium5
1914–1919 not held because of World War I
221920Mâcon France5
231921Amstel Netherlands5
241922Barcelona Spain5
251923Como Italy5
261924Zürich  Switzerland6
271925Prague Czechoslovakia7
281926Lucerne  Switzerland7
291927Como Italy7
301929Bydgoszcz Poland7
311930Liège Belgium7
321931Paris France7
331932Belgrade Yugoslavia7
341933Budapest Hungary7
351934Lucerne  Switzerland7
361935Berlin Germany7
371937Amsterdam Netherlands7
381938Milan Italy7
1939–1946 not held because of World War II
391947Lucerne  Switzerland7
401949Amsterdam Netherlands7
411950Milan Italy7
421951Mâcon France7
431953Copenhagen Denmark7
441954Amsterdam Netherlands12
451955Bucharest/Ghent Romania/ Belgium12
461956Bled Yugoslavia12
471957Duisburg West Germany12
481958Poznań Poland12
491959Mâcon France12
501960London United Kingdom5
Edition Year Host City Country Events
511961Prague Czechoslovakia12
521962East Berlin East Germany5
531963Copenhagen/Moscow Denmark/ Soviet Union12
541964Amsterdam Netherlands12
551965Duisburg West Germany12
561966Amsterdam Netherlands5
571967Vichy France12
581968East Berlin East Germany5
591969Klagenfurt Austria12
601970Tata Hungary5
611971Copenhagen Denmark12
621972Brandenburg East Germany5
631973Moscow Soviet Union12
1974–2006 not held because of World Rowing Championships
642007Poznań Poland14
652008Marathon Greece14
662009Brest Belarus14
672010Montemor-o-Velho Portugal22
682011Plovdiv Bulgaria14
692012Varese Italy14
702013Seville Spain17
712014Belgrade Serbia17
722015Poznań Poland17
732016Brandenburg Germany17
742017Račice Czech Republic18
752018Glasgow United Kingdom17
762019Lucerne  Switzerland17
772020Poznań Poland
782021Varese Italy
792022Munich Germany

All time medal table (2007–2019)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Germany25231765
2 Italy21192161
3 Romania21111244
4 Greece207128
5 Great Britain14161545
6 Czech Republic13101134
7 France1281131
8 Ukraine1041327
9 Poland9241245
10 Belarus97925
11 Lithuania86216
12  Switzerland741021
13 Netherlands6211643
14 Russia691025
15 Croatia64515
16 Estonia4318
17 Serbia371020
18 Denmark36110
19 Hungary3126
20 Austria2417
21 Ireland2327
22 Norway2169
23 Portugal1326
24 Sweden1225
25 Slovakia1214
26 Spain1157
27 Bulgaria1023
28 Belgium0145
29 Azerbaijan0101
 Finland0101
 Latvia0101
32 Slovenia0033
Totals (32 nations)211210207628

See also

References

  1. 2018 Edition Part of the European Championships
  1. "2015 European Rowing Championships / Event information - worldrowing.com".
  2. "Women in rowing". World Rowing. 23 February 2015. Retrieved 19 April 2015.
  3. "Start ohne "Schallvorteile"". Neues Deutschland (in German). 17 (186). 9 July 1962. p. 3. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  4. "Antworten auf Anfragen aus unserem Leserkreis" [Answers to inquiries from our readers] (PDF). R.C.B. Nachrichten (in German). Bern. 1 (6): 6–7. October–December 1932. Retrieved 16 June 2018.
  5. Part sourced from the official programme of the European Rowing Championships 2017, 26–28 May 2017, Račice, Czech Republic
  6. "World Rowing Cups for 2015 and 2016 to fit in with Rio Olympic preparations, FISA announce".
  7. "Event Notes: Brandenburg, Germany To Host 2016 European Rowing Championships".
  8. "Rowing joins the innovative European Sports Championships". worldrowing.com. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 20 September 2015.
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