European Academy of Sciences

The European Academy of Sciences (EurASc) (Latin: Academia Scientiarum Europaea) is an international non-profit organization aiming to promote excellence in science and technology.[1] Based in Brussels, Belgium, it has about 600 members, including 65 Nobel Prize and Fields Medal winners, from 45 countries. It was established on 17 December 2003.

Since 2004, the academy has published multidisciplinary annals, e-newsletters for science and technology, and since 2009 various books. Its first general assemblies and ceremonies of awards were organized in Brussels and since 2009 each year in another country (2009: Università di Bologna, Italy; 2010: Academy of Athens, Greece; 2011: Università di Milano, Italy; 2012: Université de Liège, Belgium; 2013: L.C.C de Toulouse, France; 2014: Casa do Infante, Porto, Portugal; 2015: Le Quartz Centre de Congrès Brest, France; 2016: Palais des Académies in Brussels, Belgium; 2017: Lisbon Academy of Sciences, Lisbon, Portugal; 2018: Bielefeld, Center for Interdisciplinary Research, Germany. Since 2012 the academy has also organized an annual symposium called The Future of Sciences in the 21st Century.

Divisions

The academy has nine divisions:

  • Chemistry
  • Computational and Information Sciences
  • Earth and Environmental Sciences
  • Engineering
  • Materials Science
  • Mathematics
  • Medicine and Life Sciences
  • Physics
  • Social Sciences

Awards

Leonardo da Vinci Award

The Leonardo da Vinci Award was established in 2009 for Outstanding Lifelong Achievement. One award is attributed per year.[2]

Awardees

Blaise Pascal Medals

The Blaise Pascal Medal was established in 2003 to recognise an outstanding and demonstrated personal contribution to science and technology and the promotion of excellence in research and education. Up to six medals may be awarded in any one year.[3]

Awardees

Chemistry

  • 2007 : Frans Carl de Schryver (BE)
  • 2009 : Vincenzo Balzani (IT)
  • 2010 : Henry B. Kagan (FR)
  • 2011 : Helmut Schwarz[5] (DE)
  • 2012 : Jean-Pierre Sauvage (FR)
  • 2013 : Maurizio Prato (IT)
  • 2014 : Hubert Schmidbaur (DE)
  • 2015 : Herbert W. Roesky (DE)
  • 2016 : Gianfranco Pacchioni (ITA)
  • 2017 : Mike Mingos (UK)
  • 2018 : Avelino Corma (SP)
  • 2019 : David Milstein

Computational and Information Sciences

  • 2003 : Boris Verkhovsky (USA)
  • 2004 : Robert Tarjan (USA)
  • 2007 : Oscar H. Ibarra[12] (USA)
  • 2008 : Moshe Y. Vardi[13] (USA)
  • 2009 : Thomas Kailath (USA)
  • 2011 : Gordon Plotkin (GB)

Earth and Environmental Sciences

  • 2003 : Enders Robinson (USA)
  • 2005 : Khalid Aziz (USA)
  • 2007 : Sven Erik Jørgensen (DK)
  • 2014 : Jean Pierre Gattuso (FR)
  • 2015 : Corinne Le Quéré (GB) and Christos Zerefos (GR)
  • 2016 : Ni-Bin Chang (United States of America)
  • 2018 : Carlos Duarte (Saudi Arabia)

Engineering

  • 2004 : Stan Veprek (DE)
  • 2005 : Marie-Paule Pileni (FR)
  • 2010 : Anthony Kounadis (GR)
  • 2011 : Giulio Maier (IT)
  • 2013 : Dmitry Klimov (RU)
  • 2017 : Nikita Morozov (RU)
  • 2018 : Emmanuel Gdoutos (GR)
  • 2019 : Quan Wang

Materials Science

  • 2007 : Alexander N. Guz (UA)
  • 2008 : Terence G. Langdon[11] (GB)
  • 2009 : Herbert Gleiter (DE)
  • 2010 : Martin Schadt (CH)
  • 2011 : Ruslan Valiev (RU)
  • 2012 : Hans-Joachim Freund (DE)
  • 2013 : Maurizio Prato (IT)
  • 2014 : Sir John M. Thomas (UK)
  • 2015 : Ulrike Diebold (DE)
  • 2016 : Elvira Fortunato (POR)
  • 2017 : Luis Liz-Marzan (ESP)
  • 2018 : Paolo Samori (FR)
  • 2019: Federico Rosei

Mathematics

  • 2004 : Lev Kudryavtsev (RU)
  • 2005 : Edmund Hlawka (AT)
  • 2008 : Willi Jaeger (DE)
  • 2009 : Pierre-Arnaud Raviart (FR)
  • 2011 : Karl Sigmund (DE)
  • 2012 : Franco Brezzi (IT)
  • 2013 : Benoit Perthame (FR)
  • 2015 : Luis Vega (SP)
  • 2017 : Felix Otto (DE)
  • 2018 : Alice Guionnet (FR)
  • 2019 : Luigi Ambrosio

Medicine and Life Sciences

  • 2003 : Jan Balzarini (BE) and Eric De Clercq (BE)
  • 2004 : Erich Windhab (CH)
  • 2005 : Peter W. H. Holland (GB)
  • 2007 : Howard Green (USA)
  • 2008 : Saverio Cinti[8] (IT)
  • 2009 : Edgardo D. Carosella (fr) (FR)
  • 2010 : Howard Morris[9] (GB)
  • 2011 : Peter Carmeliet (BE)
  • 2012 : Steven Laureys (BE)
  • 2017 : Francisco J. Ayala (USA)
  • 2019 : Jean Rossier

Physics

  • 2003 : Enzo Tiezzi (IT)
  • 2004 : Emmanuel Floratos (GR) and Manuel Cardona (ES/DE)
  • 2005 : Isaak M. Khalatnikov (RU)
  • 2007 : Edward Layer (PL)
  • 2008 : Bernard Barbara (fr)[6] (FR)
  • 2009 : Jean Dalibard (fr) [7] (FR)
  • 2010 : David Sherrington (GB) and Giovanni F. BIGNAMI (IT)
  • 2011 : Peter Zoller (AUT)
  • 2012 : Charles Joachain (BE)
  • 2013 : Anne L'Huillier (FR)
  • 2014 : Daniel Loss (CH)
  • 2015 : Manuel Garcia Velarde (SP)
  • 2018 : Peter Hänggi (DE)

Social Sciences

  • 2008 : Georges Van den Abbeele[14] (USA/BE)
  • 2009 : Claude DEBRU (FR)
  • 2014 : Eberhard Knobloch (DE)
  • 2015 : Martin Carrier (DE)

Symposia

The academy organizes each year an awards ceremony scientists for their works in different fields of science. The ceremony, hosted by a European university, is generally coupled with a one-day symposium ("The Future of Science in the 21st Century") focussing on a subject of general interest.

Controversy

An Italian group using the same name had come under scrutiny in 2002 for listing members who were unaware of their names being used,[4] for holding meetings in secret, and for allegations of fraudulent use of research funds.[5] The European Academy of Sciences is not a member of umbrella organisations like the InterAcademy Panel on International Issues[6] (IAP) or the All European Academy,[7] (ALLEA) as the members of these associations are national Academies, and EurASc is an international association.

References

  1. Europhysics News 43/3 (2012) pp. 10-11, written by B. Barbara and D. Sherrington
  2. "Leonardo da Vinci Award of the European Academy of Sciences". Archived from the original on 2018-04-16. Retrieved 2014-02-19.
  3. Blaise Pascal Medal of the European Academy of Sciences
  4. Adam D (2002). "Suspensions intensify over European Academy of Sciences". Nature. 419 (6910): 865. doi:10.1038/419865a. PMID 12410266.
  5. Giles G (2007). "Geophysicist faces probe into use of research funds". Nature. 446 (7133): 236–237. doi:10.1038/446236a. PMID 17361141.
  6. "InterAcademy Panel on International Issues members". Retrieved 2010-06-25.
  7. "All European Academies members". Archived from the original on 2010-08-07. Retrieved 2010-06-25.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.