Europe 1

Europe 1, formerly known as Europe n° 1, is a privately owned radio station created in 1955. Owned and operated by Lagardère Active, a subsidiary of the Lagardère Group, it is one of the leading radio broadcasting stations in France and its programmes can be received throughout the country.

Europe 1
CityParis and Geneva
Broadcast areaFrance, Switzerland and Belgium
SloganEurope 1, Mieux capter son époque
Frequency183 kHz (1639m)
104.7 MHz (Paris)
104.8 MHz (Marseille)
104.6 MHz (Lyon)
Full list of frequencies in other areas
First air date1 January 1955 (1955-01-01)
FormatNews and talk
Language(s)French
Former callsignsEurope n° 1 (1955-1974)
OwnerLagardère Active
Sister stationsRFM
Virgin Radio
Websitewww.europe1.fr

History

In 1955, to circumvent the prohibition of commercial broadcasting in France after the Second World War, Europe n° 1 was established in the Saarland, a German state that borders France and Luxembourg. Transmissions were not legally authorised, however, until France's post-war administration of the Saarland ceased and sovereignty returned to West Germany in 1957; so, during its first two years (1955–1957), under the direction of Louis Merlin, who had defected from Radio Luxembourg, Europe n° 1 was a pirate radio station. In 1959 the French government bought part of the broadcasting corporation, and this interest is administered today by the Lagardère Group. All programming has always been produced in Paris. For the few parts of France who can't receive the FM signal, longwave broadcast still exists : the programme feed is transferred over ISDN lines to the transmitting station situated on the territory of the villages of Berus and Felsberg in the Saarland, Germany.

From its beginning, Europe n°1's priorities were two-fold: first, news and cultural information with an emphasis on eyewitness accounts rather than an announcer with a script; second, shows aimed at establishing bonds with listeners, including plays, contests, informal talk, popular music, and street-level politics. In both respects, it was a departure from radio formats of the day.

In the 1960s, Europe 1 pioneered a new tone in French radio. Salut les copains became an icon of popular culture and the baby boom generation. Europe 1 played a role in the May 68 political crisis by being the principal source of information untainted by government sanction; it was nicknamed "barricade radio". In the 1970s, President Giscard d'Estaing criticized its "mocking" tone. When the industrialist Jean-Luc Lagardère became president of Europe 1 group, some feared the network might lose its independent point of view.

Since the 1980s, Europe 1 has experienced decreases in audience, and average age of listeners has steadily increased. Both can be traced to the proliferation of FM radio, after socialist President François Mitterrand made FM private radio legal in 1981.[1] In 1986, for equality, the regulation authorities gave FM frequencies to Europe 1 and other peripheral radios still emitting from outside France.[2] A network of Europe 1 FM transmitters was established within France. They later had to be shared with Europe 2, now Virgin Radio. In the 1990s, Europe 1 became a news and talk network. Jean-Pierre Elkabbach became president in 2005. He was dismissed by the CSA (Comité de Surveillance de l'Audiovisuel) after announcing the death of Pascal Sevran prematurely in June 2008 and was replaced by Alexandre Bompard, former Director of the Sports at Canal+.

Today, Europe 1 is France's fifth most popular network, with the other four being RTL (radio-television Luxembourg), France Inter (state-owned, general), NRJ (music) and France Info (state-owned, news).

Europe 1 also became a supplementary active member of the European Broadcasting Union in 1978 and in 1982, an active member.

Programming

Over the last fifty years, the best-known programs on Europe 1 have included: 'Pour ceux qui aiment le jazz' ("For those who love jazz") hosted by Daniel Filipacchi and Franck Ténot, 'Signé Furax' ("Signed, Furax", a comic adventure serial), 'Salut les copains' ("Hi, friends", a pop music programme), 'Campus' (book reviews, interviews with literary personalities, and chat about current events and culture), 'Vous êtes formidables' (a programme devoted to "demonstrations of solidarity"), 'Bonjour, monsieur le maire' (aimed at rural France), 'L'horoscope de Madame Soleil' (astrology), 'Top 50' (a reprise of the musical charts), and 'Le club de la presse' ("Press Club", political conversation). BBC Radio 5 had a translated version of Top 50 called Le Top (with Marc et La Mèche) from 1990 to 1994.

Noted journalists, presenters, and performers have included: Patrick Topaloff, Maurice Siegel, Jean Gorini, André Arnaud, Pierre Bouteiller, Pierre Bellemare, Francis Blanche, Daniel Filipacchi, Frank Ténot, Lucien Morisse, Robert Willar, Albert Simon, Laurent Ferrari and Madame Soleil. Former is Wendy Bouchard. She was succeeded by Laurence Ferrari in 2014.

Europe 1 on longwave

Europe 1 is broadcast in France, from France, through a dense FM network since 1986, but the station is also still broadcast on longwave by Europe 1's longwave transmitter. In this case, the feed is transmitted by Europäische Rundfunk- und Fernseh-AG (in English, European Radio and Television Company), broadcasting on longwave at 183 kHz from Felsberg in the Saarland. Car radios in France scan in 3 kHz steps making it easy to hit 183 kHz.

For longwave, the Felsberg antenna system beams Europe 1's signal southwestward towards France. In the easterly direction, transmissions are attenuated, so, in Eastern Europe, only a weak signal can be heard. However, because of a defect in the antenna system, only the carrier frequency is properly screened to the east; the sidebands suffer less attenuation, so that, in the east, sideband reception is adequate (especially if using an SSB receiver) but distorted. Following the collapse of one mast in the four-mast phased array on 8 October 2012, the two-mast reserve antenna has been in use, resulting in a reduced signal in parts of France but a stronger and undistorted signal in northern Europe and the British Isles.

Carrier frequencies on the longwave band are assigned as integer multiples of nine kHz ranging from 153 to 279 kHz. However, the Europe 1 transmitter's frequency, 183 kHz, is offset from the usual nine kHz multiples established under the Geneva Plan.

For longwave, in Felsberg, the four guyed antenna masts which were erected in 1954 and 1955 average 277 metres in height. The building where the transmitters are housed is an architecturally unusual, prestressed-concrete construction that needs no internal supporting columns. It has been designated an architectural monument by the European Union and is a protected structure.

Visual identity

Logos

Slogans

  • 1965 - 1975 : Je choisis, Europe 1 !
  • 1975 - 1981 : Europe 1, c'est naturel
  • 1981 - 1986 : De grands moments, à chaque instants
  • 1986 - 2000 : Europe 1 c'est la pêche
  • 2000 - 2001 : Europe 1, c'est bien
  • 2001 - 2005 : Europe 1, ça me parle
  • 2005 - 2009 : Parlons-nous
  • 2009 - 2013 : Europe 1, bien entendu
  • 2013 - 2014 : Europe 1 réveille les Français
  • 2014 - 2016 : Europe 1, Un temps d'avance
  • 2016 - 2018 : Europe 1, Mieux capter son époque
  • 2019 : On est bien, sur Europe 1
  • 2019 : Europe 1, bien dans son époque
  • Since 2019 : Écoutez le monde changer

Hosts

  • David Abiker
  • Nikos Aliagas
  • Fabrice d'Almeida
  • Jean-Michel Aphatie
  • Elisabeth Assayag
  • Jean-Philippe Balasse
  • Nicolas Beytout
  • Wendy Bouchard
  • Laurent Cabrol
  • Marion Calais
  • Nicolas Canteloup
  • Guy Carlier
  • Nicolas Carreau
  • Anne Cazaubon
  • Mathieu Charrier
  • Alain Cirou
  • Benoit Clair
  • François Clauss
  • Pauline Clavière
  • Patrick Cohen
  • Jérôme Commandeur
  • Yves Coppens
  • José Covès
  • Nadia Daam
  • Thierry Dagiral
  • Valentine Desjeunes
  • Bruno Donnet
  • Jean Doridot
  • Axel de Tarlé
  • Pierre de Vilno
  • David Doukhan
  • Raphaëlle Duchemin
  • Olivier Duhamel
  • Emmanuel Duteil
  • Carole Ferry
  • Bernard Fripiat
  • Mickaël Frison
  • François Geffrier
  • Thierry Geffrotin
  • Sébastien Guyot
  • Didier Hameau
  • Cyrielle Hariel
  • Claire Hazan
  • Vincent Hervouët
  • Michaël Hirsch
  • Christophe Hondelatte
  • Hélène Jouan
  • Gérald Kierzek
  • Sébastien Krebs
  • Jérôme Lacroix
  • Sophie Larmoyer
  • Anne Le Gall
  • Thierry Léger
  • Philippe Legrand
  • Fabienne Le Moal
  • Nathalie Levy
  • Sonia Mabrouk
  • Émilie Mazoyer
  • Anicet Mbida
  • Marc Messier
  • Isabelle Millet
  • Isabelle Morizet
  • Helena Morna
  • Benjamin Muller
  • Catherine Nay
  • Matthieu Noël
  • Julien Pearce
  • Roland Perez
  • Sophie Péters
  • Olivier Poels
  • Lise Pressac
  • Isabelle Quenin
  • Ombline Roche
  • Eva Roque
  • Lionel Rosso
  • Anne Roumanoff
  • Marion Sauveur
  • Josef Schovanec
  • Frédéric Taddéï
  • Philippe Vandel
  • Caroline Weill
  • Géraldine Woessner
  • Xavier Yvon
  • Hélène Zélany
  • Vanessa Zha

Former presenters

Former journalists

  • Antonin André (2008-2011, 2012-2017)
  • André Arnaud
  • Jean-Charles Banoun (1998-2013)
  • Laurent Bazin (2004-2005, 2018)
  • Julien Besançon (1955-1970)
  • Guy Birenbaum (2007-2014)
  • Christian Boner (1996-2008)
  • Guillaume Cahour (2010-2012)
  • Yves Calvi (1996-2005)
  • Aymeric Caron (2009-2011)
  • Hervé Chabalier (2013-2017)
  • Arlette Chabot (2011-2015)
  • Patrick Cohen (2008-2010)
  • Gérard Carreyrou
  • Antoine Cormery (1991)
  • Michaël Darmon (2011-2016)
  • Jean-Claude Dassier (1968-1985)
  • Nicolas Demorand (2010-2011)
  • Jean-Michel Dhuez (1999-2013)
  • Jérôme Dorville (1999-2008)
  • Marie Drucker (2008-2010)
  • Valérie Durier (1991-2008)
  • Albert Ducrocq
  • Guillaume Durand (1978-1987 then 1999-2004 then 2007-2008)
  • Benoît Duquesne (1982-1988 then 2007-2008)
  • Jean-Pierre Elkabbach (1981-2016)
  • Myriam Encaoua (2016-2017)
  • Raphaël Enthoven (2015-2018)
  • Nicolas Escoulan (2017)
  • Samuel Etienne (2013-2017)
  • Emmanuel Faux (1987-2017)
  • Michel Field (1995-2015)
  • Thierry Fréret (1987-2010)
  • Jean Gorini
  • Laurent Guimier (1994-2005, 2011-2014)
  • Pierre Guyot (1995-1998)
  • Pascal Humeau (2006-2011)
  • Jérôme Ivanichtchenko (2014-2017)
  • Thomas Joubert (2008-2017)
  • Marion Lagardère (2017-2018)
  • Ivan Levaï (1972-1987)
  • Emmanuel Maubert (2006-2013)
  • Jean-Marc Morandini (2003-2016)
  • Étienne Mougeotte (1968 puis 1974 - 1981)
  • Géraldine Muhlmann (2017-2018)
  • Fabien Namias (2017)
  • Robert Namias (1969-1984)
  • Jacques Paoli
  • Benjamin Petrover (2008-2014)
  • Nicolas Poincaré (2011-2018)
  • Natacha Polony (2012-2017)
  • Patrick Roger (2011-2016)
  • Caroline Roux (2012-2016)
  • Eugène Saccomano (1970-2001)
  • Maurice Siegel
  • Albert Simon (Météo)
  • Anne Sinclair (2014-2016)
  • Thomas Sotto (2013-2017)
  • Maxime Switek (2005-2018)
  • Bruce Toussaint (2011-2013)
  • Benjamin Vincent (2003-2009)
  • Edmond Zucchelli (1985-1998)

Former columnists

See also

References

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