Eure

Eure (French pronunciation: [œʁ]) is a department in the north of France named after the river Eure.

Eure
The river Eure in Neuilly

Flag

Coat of arms
Location of Eure in France
Coordinates: 49°5′N 1°0′E
CountryFrance
RegionNormandy
PrefectureÉvreux
SubprefecturesLes Andelys
Bernay
Government
  President of the General CouncilJean-Louis Destans (PS)
Area
  Total6,040 km2 (2,330 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)
  Total602,825
  Rank43rd
  Density100/km2 (260/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Department number27
Arrondissements3
Cantons23
Communes585
^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2

History


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1791385,206    
1801402,796+0.45%
1806421,344+0.90%
1821416,178−0.08%
1831424,248+0.19%
1841425,780+0.04%
1851415,777−0.24%
1861398,661−0.42%
1872377,874−0.49%
1881364,291−0.41%
1891349,471−0.41%
1901334,781−0.43%
1911323,651−0.34%
1921303,159−0.65%
1931305,788+0.09%
1936303,829−0.13%
1946315,902+0.39%
1954332,514+0.64%
1962361,943+1.07%
1968383,385+0.96%
1975422,952+1.41%
1982462,323+1.28%
1990513,818+1.33%
1999541,054+0.58%
2006567,223+0.68%
2011588,111+0.73%
2016602,825+0.50%
source:[1]

Eure is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on 4 March 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Normandy. The name in fact is taken from the Eure river flowing mainly in this department.

After the allied victory at Waterloo, Eure was occupied by Prussian troops between June 1815 and November 1818.

In the wake of Louis-Napoléons December coup of 1851, Eure was one of the departments placed under a state of emergency in order to avert resistance to the post-republican régime. In the event fewer than 100 government opponents in Eure were arrested.[2]

Geography

Eure is part of the current region of Normandy and is surrounded by the departments of Seine-Maritime, Oise, Val-d'Oise, Yvelines, Eure-et-Loir, Orne, and Calvados.

The department is a largely wooded plateau intersected by the valleys of the Seine River and its tributaries.

The altitude varies from sea level in the north to 248 metres above it in the south.

Politics

The President of the General Council is Jean-Louis Destans of the Socialist Party.

Partyseats
Socialist Party12
Union for a Popular Movement11
Miscellaneous Left7
French Communist Party4
Miscellaneous Right4
New Centre3
Left Radical Party2

Current National Assembly Representatives

ConstituencyMember[3]Party
Eure's 1st constituency Séverine Gipson La République En Marche!
Eure's 2nd constituency Fabien Gouttefarde La République En Marche!
Eure's 3rd constituency Marie Tamarelle-Verhaeghe La République En Marche!
Eure's 4th constituency Bruno Questel La République En Marche!
Eure's 5th constituency Claire O'Petit La République En Marche!

Tourism

The main tourist attraction is Giverny (4 km (2.49 mi) from Vernon) where Claude Monet's house and garden can be seen, as well as other places of interest (see external links, below).

The Abbey of Bec and the Château-Gaillard near Les Andelys are other important tourist attractions.

The Château of Buisson de May was built by the royal architect Jacques Denis Antoine from 1781 to 1783.

See also

Sources

  1. Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France
  2. Jacques Olivier Boudon, Les Bonaparte : regards sur la France impériale. La Documentation photographique, dossier 8073, janvier-février 2010, p. 11 (carte de Gilles Pécout)
  3. http://www.assemblee-nationale.fr/
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