Euphemia I, Countess of Ross

Euphemia I (d. 1394 x 1398), also called Euphemia of Ross and Euphemia Ross, and sometimes incorrectly styled Euphemia Leslie and Euphemia Stewart (Scottish women in this period did not abandon natal names for married names), was a Countess of Ross in her own right.


Euphemia was the elder daughter of Uilleam III, the last O'Beolan Mormaer of Ross. Her first marriage was compelled against the wishes of her father. King David II desired to bestow an earldom on Walter de Leslie, who had distinguished himself in combat in Europe and in Alexandria, Egypt. To give the earldom of Ross to Leslie, he forced Euphemia to marry him and, on 23 October 1370, renewed the earldom of Ross to Euphemia’s father only on the condition that it pass to Euphemia and Leslie upon his death.[1][2] The charter of the earldom of Ross and of the lands of Skye was made to them in their own favor and that of their heirs male and female in reversion.[3]

She married Leslie, by papal dispensation, dated 24 November 1366 (variously reported as December 1367), the dispensation being necessary in that Walter Leslie had had illicit intercourse with a woman related within the fourth degree of kinship with Euphemia[4][5]

Leslie predeceased her in 1382, whereupon she married, secondly, Alexander Stewart, 1st Earl of Buchan, better known in history as "The Wolf of Badenoch." This marriage occurred on 24 or 25 July 1382. However, on 9 June 1392, Pope Clement VII issued a commission to dissolve this marriage and then on 5 and 15 December to grant a divorce. The date of Euphemia's death is not certain. She was still alive on 5 September 1394, and it is possible that 20 February 1394/5, usually assigned as the date of Stewart's death, was that of her own.[6]


By Sir Walter Leslie she had issue:

Preceded by
Uilleam III
Countess of Ross
13721394 x 1398
Succeeded by
Alexander Leslie


  1. Paul, James Balfour (1910). The Scots Peerage. Edinburgh: David Douglas. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  2. Leslie, Charles (1869). Historical records of the family of Leslie, from 1067 to 1868/9. Edinburgh: Edmonston and Douglas. p. 1:65–67, 175.
  3. Mackenzie, Alexander (1894). History of the Mackenzies. Inverness. p. 36. Retrieved 28 January 2017.
  4. Paul. Scots Peerage. p. 240.
  5. Leslie. Historical Records. p. 67.
  6. Paul. The Scots Peerage. p. 241.
  7. Paul. Scots Peerage. p. 241.
  8. Mackenzie. History of the Mackenzies. p. 31.
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