Eugène Schneider II

Charles Prosper Eugène Schneider, also known as Eugène Schneider II (French: Eugène II Schneider; October 29, 1868 – November 17, 1942), was a French industrialist, head of Schneider-Creusot and other works in France,[1][2] politician and inventor. In 1923, he was awarded the John Fritz Medal.[3][4]

Eugène Schneider II
Charles Prosper Eugène Schneider

October 29, 1868
DiedNovember 17, 1942 (1942-11-18) (aged 74)
Paris, France
ResidenceChâteau d'Apremont-sur-Allier
OccupationBusinessman, politician
Spouse(s)Antoinette de Rafélis de Saint-Sauveur
ChildrenCharles Schneider
Henri-Paul Schneider
Jean Schneider
Marie-Zélie Schneider
Parent(s)Henri Schneider
RelativesEugène Schneider (paternal grandfather)
Adolphe Schneider (paternal granduncle)
Pierre de Cossé Brissac, 12th Duke of Brissac (son-in-law)
Elvire de Brissac (granddaughter)


Early life

Schneider was born on October 29, 1868, in Le Creusot, rural France.[5][6] His father, Henri Schneider, was a businessman and politician. His paternal grandfather, Eugène Schneider, was the co-founder of Schneider-Creusot with his grand-uncle Adolphe Schneider in 1836. He grew up at the Château de la Verrerie in Le Creusot.[7]


Schneider was appointed as co-chairman of Schneider-Creusot in 1896.[6] He became its sole chairman in 1898.[6]

He served on the boards of directors of the Crédit Lyonnais, Chemins de fer de Paris à Lyon et à la Méditerranée, the Société Métallurgique de Normandie and the Banque de l'Union Parisienne.[7] He also served as the chairman of the Union européenne industrielle et financière.[7]

He joined the Popular Liberal Action, a center-right political party. He served as a member of the French Chamber of Deputies for them from 1889 to 1910.[5] He also served as the Mayor of Le Creusot from 1896 to 1900.[8]

He was a member of the Académie des Sciences Morales et Politiques.[8]

Personal life

He married Antoinette de Rafélis de Saint-Sauveur, an heiress to the Château d'Apremont-sur-Allier. They had three sons, Charles, Henri-Paul and Jean, and a daughter, Marie-Zélie, also known as May, who became the Duchess of Brissac by marriage.

He died in Paris on November 17, 1942.[5][6]


His statue, designed by sculptor Paul Landowski, stands on the Boulevard Henri-Paul Schneider (named after his son) in Le Creusot.[9]



  1. Mechanical World and Engineering Record. Vol. 70. 1921. p. 54
  2. Iron and Coal Trades Review. Vol. 103. 1921. p. 20
  3. De Ingenieur, Vol. 37. 1922. p. 532
  4. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers, 1922. p. 492.
  5. National Assembly: Eugène Schneider
  6. Notice biographique: Eugène Schneider (1868-1942), Revue de Métallurgie, n. 5, May 1943, pp. 156-160
  7. Jean-Louis Beaucarnot, Nos familles dans la grande guerre, Paris: JC Lattès, 2013
  8. Eugène Schneider (1868-1942), Bibliothèque nationale de France
  9. Le Creusot: La statue d'Eugène II Schneider, Bvd Henri-Paul Schneider
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