Ethylene glycol (data page)

This page provides supplementary chemical data on ethylene glycol.

Material Safety Data Sheet

The handling of this chemical may incur notable safety precautions. It is highly recommend that you seek the Material Safety Datasheet (MSDS) for this chemical from a reliable source and follow its directions.

Structure and properties

Structure and properties
Index of refraction, nD 1.4318 at 20°C
Abbe number ?
Dielectric constant, εr [1] 41.4 ε0 at 20 °C
Bond strength ?
Bond length ?
Bond angle ?
Magnetic susceptibility ?
Surface tension[1] 47.99 dyn/cm at 25°C
Viscosity[1] 16.1 mPa·s at 25°C

Thermodynamic properties

Phase behavior
Triple point 256 K (−17 °C), ? Pa
Critical point 720 K (447 °C)

8.2 MPa

Std enthalpy change
of fusion
, ΔfusHo
9.9 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of fusion
, ΔfusSo
38.2 J/(mol·K)
Std enthalpy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapHo
65.6 kJ/mol
Std entropy change
of vaporization
, ΔvapSo
? J/(mol·K)
Solid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHosolid
? kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sosolid
? J/(mol K)
Heat capacity, cp ? J/(mol K)
Liquid properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHoliquid
−460 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Soliquid
166.9 J/(mol·K)
Heat capacity, cp 149.5 J/(mol·K)
Gas properties
Std enthalpy change
of formation
, ΔfHogas
−394.4 kJ/mol
Standard molar entropy,
Sogas
311.8 J/(mol·K)
Heat capacity, cp 78 J/(mol·K) at 25 °C

Vapor pressure of liquid

P in mm Hg11040100400760
T in °C53.092.1120.0141.8178.5197.3

Table data obtained from CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, 44th ed.

Freezing point of aqueous solutions

% ethylene glycol
by volume
5101520253035404550
Freezing point
°C
−1.1−2.2−3.9−6.7−8.9−12.8−16.1−20.6−26.7−33.2
Specific gravity
d90°
1.0041.0061.0121.0171.0201.0241.0281.0321.0371.040

Table obtained from Lange's Handbook of Chemistry, 10th ed. Specific gravity is referenced to water at 15.6 °C.

See also "Typical Freezing and Boiling Points of Aqueous Solutions of DOWTHERM SR-1 and DOWTHERM-SR4000" (PDF). Dow Chemical. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 13 June 2007.

Distillation data

Vapor–liquid equilibrium for ethylene glycol/water[3]
P = 760 mmHg
BP
temp.
°C
% by mole water
liquidvapor
110.0079.899.3
116.4061.398.5
124.3055.997.7
124.5055.397.6
126.0048.297.1
128.1042.696.3
129.5041.196.2
130.5038.895.5
131.2036.595.2
135.2028.992.6
136.0028.392.4
138.0024.190.9
142.5021.688.7
149.0017.885.2
158.1012.977.6
167.4010.270.6
178.606.556.3
184.203.437.9
   
Vapor–liquid equilibrium for ethylene glycol/methanol[3]
P = 760 mmHg
BP
temp.
°C
% by mole methanol
liquidvapor
66.7093.099.9
73.2082.199.8
79.6066.499.7
84.7053.099.3
90.2045.799.0
93.8040.698.5
101.4036.397.9
102.7035.697.5
104.9032.296.7
105.1022.794.6
109.9021.293.3
113.0019.592.3
121.5013.786.4
149.6010.374.6
157.504.651.5
166.303.642.0
175.202.530.4
183.501.418.1
189.100.56.8

Spectral data

UV-Vis
λmax ? nm
Extinction coefficient, ε ?
IR
Major absorption bands ? cm1
NMR
Proton NMR 3.3-3.7 ppm
Carbon-13 NMR 62-65 ppm
Other NMR data  
MS
Masses of
main fragments
 

References

  1. David R. Lide. Handbook of chemistry and physics CRC (2007), 87th ed.
  2. "Temperature Dependent Properties. [PVP] Vapor pressure of ETHYLENE GLYCOL" (Queriable database). Pure Component Properties. Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 14 May 2007.
  3. "Binary Vapor–Liquid Equilibrium Data" (Queriable database). Chemical Engineering Research Information Center. Retrieved 8 June 2007.

Except where noted otherwise, data relate to standard ambient temperature and pressure.

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