Ethyl pentanoate

Ethyl pentanoate, also commonly known as ethyl valerate, is an organic compound used in flavors. It is an ester with the molecular formula C7H14O2. This colorless liquid is poorly soluble in water but miscible with organic solvents.

Ethyl pentanoate[1]
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Ethyl pentanoate
Other names
Ethyl valerate
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.007.934
EC Number
  • 208-726-1
UNII
Properties
C7H14O2
Molar mass 130.18 g/mol
Density 0.877 g/cm3 at 20 °C
Melting point −91 °C (−132 °F; 182 K)
Boiling point 145 to 146 °C (293 to 295 °F; 418 to 419 K)
Hazards
NFPA 704 (fire diamond)
3
1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

As is the case with most volatile esters, it has a pleasant aroma and taste. It is used as a food additive to impart a fruity flavor, particularly of apple.

References

  1. Merck Index, 12th Edition, 10042
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