Essendine is a village and civil parish at the eastern end of the county of Rutland in the East Midlands of England. The population of the civil parish was 368 at the 2001 census increasing to 448 at the 2011 census. It lies on the West Glen, close by the earthworks of a small castle.
Former goods yard from a northbound train
|Area||2.31 sq mi (6.0 km2)|
|Population||368 2001 Census|
|• Density||159/sq mi (61/km2)|
|OS grid reference||TF043124|
|• London||84 miles (135 km) SSE|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||East Midlands|
Most of the village is on Blisworth Limestone or Upper Estuarine Series geology, though the church and castle are on river alluvium. In the parish generally, the soils are shallow and well drained with limestone brash. There is some clay which is naturally rather poorly drained and occasionally waterlogged. It produces the wheat, barley, sugar beet and some potatoes usual in eastern England
The small church has a notable Norman tympanum over its south door. It is built within the remains of the Castle, which appears to have been a very early Norman bailey later developing into a strongly fortified manor.
The village is dominated by a large industrial site, once the factory of Allis Chalmers, later Fiat-Allis. After closure various buildings were rented to a variety of small enterprises, and there are a large number of small businesses to be found to this day.
On 3 July 1938, North of Essendine, just over the border in Lincolnshire at Milepost 90¼ London and North Eastern Railway Class A4 locomotive number 4468 "Mallard" set the land speed record for a steam locomotive reaching 126mph, which is unbeaten to this day. A commemorative sign was erected by the track, near the milepost in 1998.
- "A vision of Britain through time". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
- "Rutland Civil Parish Populations" (PDF). Rutland County Council. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 11 February 2009.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 24 June 2016.
- A History of the County of Rutland. Victoria County History. 2. 1935. pp. XXVII–XLIV.
- "National Monument record:Church".
- Creighton, Oliver (1999). "Early Castles in the Medieval Landscape of Rutland" (PDF). Transactions of the Leicestershire archaeological and Historical society. 73.
- "National Monument record:castle".
- "Newspaper account of reaction to fires".
- "National Monument Record:Railway station".
- "National Monument record:Stamford and Essendine railway".
- "National Monument Record:Bourne and Essendine railway".
- Anon. British Geological Survey, 1:50 000, Sheet 157, Solid and Drift edn. (1976).
- Anon. Soils England and Wales Scale 1:250 000. Sheet 4. (1983).
- Rhodes, J. Bourne to Essendine (1986) ISBN 0-948017-03-1.
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