Es'hail 2

Es'hail 2 is a Qatari satellite, launched aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket on November 15, 2018.[4][5] Es'hail 2 was built by Japan's Mitsubishi Electric company, and will operate at 26° East longitude along a geostationary orbit to provide direct-to-home television services in the Middle East and North Africa region.[6] The satellite will feature 24 Ku-band and 11 Ka-band transponders to provide direct broadcasting services for television, government and commercial content distribution[7]. In addition to commercial services, the payload of Es'hail 2 includes a linear transponder with a bandwidth of 250 kHz and 8MHz for the amateur radio satellite service, with uplink on 2.4 GHz (S band) and downlink on 10.45 GHz (X band). [8]

Es'hail 2
Launch of Falcon 9 flight 63 carrying Es'hail-2
Mission typeCommunications
COSPAR ID2018-090A
SATCAT no.43700
Mission duration15 years (planned)
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerMitsubishi Electric
Launch mass5,300 kilograms (11,700 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date15 November 2018 (2018-11-15Z), 20:46 UTC
RocketFalcon 9 Full Thrust
Launch siteKennedy LC-39A
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
Longitude26° East[1]

Amateur radio transponders

Pol Begin Center End Pol Begin Center End
NB RHCP 2400,05 2400,175 2400,3 V 10489,55 10489,675 10489,8 8089,5 0,25
WB RHCP 2401,5 2405,5 2409,5 H 10491 10495 10499 8089,5 8
References: [9]

"NB" Transponder (narrow band)

Linear Transponder for low power narrow bandwidth voice, morse and digital communication

  • preferred modes: narrow band modes like SSB and CW, PSK
  • 250 kHz allocated bandwidth
  • non-inverting bent-pipe transponder
  • Assumes 50 simultaneous 2-way carriers to serve 100 Users
  • X-Band Downlink (SAT-TV dish):
    • 90 cm dishes in rainy areas at EOC like Brazil or Thailand
    • 60 cm around coverage peak
    • 75 cm dishes at peak -2dB
  • Downlink Polarisation on X-Band is Vertical !
  • Uplink Polarisation on S-Band is RHCP
  • Uplink transmitter 5-10W PEP (22.5 dBi antenna gain, 75cm dish)

The narrowband transponder is intended for conventional analogue and narrowband digital signals.

No transmissions should be made beyond the nominal edges of the transponder passbands. In particular, no operation should take place below the lower beacon nor above the upper beacon.

No uplinks should result in downlink signals that are stronger than these beacons. In the event that such signals are detected, they will be marked by a “LEILA” siren. When they have been marked by “LEILA”, operators should immediately reduce their uplink power (ERP).

No FM transmissions should be made to Es’hail-2 as these would use excessive power and bandwidth.

Although there is no formal bandplan, the following details are provided for initial guidance.

Uplink [MHz] Downlink [MHz] available Bandwidth [kHz] Notes
10489,550 – 10489,555 do not transmit Lower Beacon, 400 Bit/s BPSK or CW
2400,055 – 2400,100 10489,555 – 10489,600 45 CW Only
2400,100 – 2400,120 10489,600 – 10489,620 20 narrowband digimodes (500 Hz max. BW)
2400,120 – 2400,140 10489,620 – 10489,640 20 digimodes (2700 Hz max. BW)
2400,140 – 2400,190 10489,640 – 10489,690 50 mixed modes (2700 Hz max. BW)
2400,190 – 2400,295 10489,640 – 10489,795 105 SSB only
10489,795 – 10489,800 do not transmit Upper Beacon, 400 Bit/s BPSK or CW

"WB" Transponder (wide band)

Linear Transponder for Digital Amateur Television (DATV) and other highspeed data transmissions. First DATV transponder in space.

  • 8 MHz bandwidth (3 Mhz used by beacon)
  • Uplink Polarisation on S-Band is RHCP
  • Downlink Polarisation on X-Band is horizontal
  • Beacon sending video from launch at 10.492.500 Hz DVB-S2 QPSK 2MS FEC 2/3
  • DVB-S2 is used as standard in all amateur transmissions
  • 5 channels for 333 kS (500 kHz) transmissions, 2 channels for 1000 kS (or one 2000 kS)
  • Typical amateur data streams are between 400-1200 kbit
  • Internet spectrum monitor and chat for transmission coordination
  • Receive equipment on downlink:
    • 90 cm offset dish
    • standard Ku-band LNB
    • F6DZP MiniTiouner, Octagon SF4008 or SDR software decoders
  • Uplink equipment:
    • 120 cm dish (preferably larger)
    • Minimum 30W of output power
    • SDR (Adalm-Pluto, LimeSDR, BladeRF)

Amateur Radio Operators

Well over 130+ amateur radio operators have used the amateur radio transponder in the first few weeks of operation.[10]

See also


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