Erzhausen

Erzhausen is a village in southern Hesse, Germany. It is part of the district of Darmstadt-Dieburg. It has about 7.500 inhabitants. Wixhausen, a borough of the City of Darmstadt, is just South of Erzhausen.

Erzhausen
Town hall

Coat of arms
Location of Erzhausen within Darmstadt-Dieburg district
Erzhausen
Erzhausen
Coordinates: 49°57′N 08°38′E
CountryGermany
StateHesse
Admin. regionDarmstadt
DistrictDarmstadt-Dieburg
Government
  MayorClaudia Lange (GfE)
Area
  Total7.4 km2 (2.9 sq mi)
Elevation
112 m (367 ft)
Population
 (2018-12-31)[1]
  Total7,996
  Density1,100/km2 (2,800/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes
64390
Dialling codes06150
Vehicle registrationDA
Websitewww.erzhausen.de

History

Settlement in the area dates back to about 1500 B.C., as shown by several cairn burial sites found some kilometres west of the town.

The settlement itself is mentioned in documents from 900 A.D. onward under various names like 'Erardishusen', 'Erhartzhausen', 'Ebrichshusen' or 'Erndeshusen'. The oldest document of the Lorsch codex names it as 'Erhartshausen' ('Houses of Erhart').

After remaining a mostly unimportant farming village until the early 20th century, it grew strongly after the railway line from Frankfurt to Darmstadt was built several kilometers to the east of it. The habitation spread out towards it, and workers employed in the nearby cities (which could now be reached a lot easier) settled here.

Today, it is still mostly a residential village, with some commerce and office activities. There is a small seminary of the German Pentecostalism BFP movement situated in the town, Bible School Beröa also called Theologisches Seminar Beröa .[2] [3]

Historic names

  • 10. century: Erhardeshusen
  • about 1200: Erhardeshusen
  • about 1250: Erharteshusen
  • 1264: Erardishusen
  • 1273: Erharthusen
  • 1273: in villa Erharthusen
  • 1282: Eradeshusen
  • 1282: Erndeshusen; Ebrathshusen
  • 1331: Erarshusen
  • 1331: Irtzhusen
  • 1413: Ebrichshusen; Erarthusen
  • 1413: Ehartzhusen
  • 1440: Eretzhusen
  • 1446: Erhartzhusen
  • 15. century: Erczhussen
  • 1451: Erhartshusen
  • 1452: Erhartshusen
  • 1453: Erhartshusen
  • 1454: Erhartßhussen
  • 1454: Erhartßhußen
  • 1497: Ertzhusen
  • 1506: Erhartzhausen
  • 1526: Ertzhusen
  • 1541: Erhartshaussen
  • 1549: Erhartshausen
  • 1576: Ertzhaussen
  • 1579: Ertzhausen
  • today: Erzhausen

Demography

Demography
Year Population
1618ca. 250
1622ca. 200
162929 "Hausgesessene"
1641ca. 50
1648uninhabited
166973
1771559
1829559
1834567
1840596
1846643
1852692
1858726
1864787
1871829
1875898
18851.053
18951.151
Year Population
19001.244
19051.390
19101.556
19251.872
19332.258
19392.342
19462.859
19503.086
19563.471
19614.098
19675.296
19705.663
19816.208
20047.186
20117.503
20127.578
20137.699
20147.716
Year Population
20157.864
20168.126

Twin towns – sister cities

References

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