Ernst Heilmann

Ernst Heilmann (13 April 1881 – 3 April 1940) was a German jurist and politician of the Social Democratic Party of Germany.

Ernst Heilmann
Member of the IV. Reichstag
In office
1928  1933
Personal details
Born(1881-04-13)13 April 1881
Died3 April 1940(1940-04-03) (aged 58)
Buchenwald concentration camp
Nationality Germany
Political partySocial Democratic Party of Germany
Alma materUniversity of Berlin

Born in Berlin in what was then Prussia, Heilmann attended the University of Berlin, majoring in law and political science. In World War I, he was a proponent of the German party truce (Burgfriedenspolitik). Heilman gained a seat in the Reichstag in the 1928 German federal election. Not long after Hitler and the Nazi's seized power (Machtergreifung), Heilmann was arrested by the Gestapo and imprisoned in the first of a series of concentration camps in which he was to spend nearly seven years.[1] From September 1938 on he was kept in Buchenwald concentration camp, where he was executed in April 1940.[2][3]


  1. Lösche, Peter (1988). Ernst Heilmann (1881–1940). Parlamentarischer Führer und Reformsozialist. Berlin: Colloquium Verlag. p. 119.
    • Möller, Horst (2003), "Ernst Heilmann. Ein Sozialdemokrat in der Weimarer Republik", in Wirsching, Andreas (ed.), Aufklärung und Demokratie. Historische Studien zur politischen Vernunft (in German), Munich: Oldenbourg, pp. 200–225, ISBN 3-486-56707-1.

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