Ermengarde de Beaumont

Ermengarde de Beaumont (c. 1170 – 11 February 1233) was Queen of Scotland as the wife of King William I. She is reported to have exerted influence over the affairs of state as queen, though the information of her is lacking in detail.

Ermengarde de Beaumont
Queen consort of Scotland
Bornc. 1170
Died(1233-02-12)12 February 1233
William I of Scotland
(m. 1186; died 1214)
IssueMargaret, Countess of Kent
Isabella, Countess of Norfolk
Alexander II, King of Scots
Marjorie, Countess of Pembroke
FatherRichard I, Viscount de Beaumont-le-Vicomte, de Fresnay et de Ste-Suzanne
MotherLucie de l'Aigle


Ermengarde was born c. 1170 to Richard I, Viscount of Beaumont-le-Vicomte, Fresnay and Ste-Suzanne, and Lucie de l'Aigle (died aft. 1217).

She married King William I of Scotland at the royal chapel at Woodstock Palace near Oxford in England on 5 September 1186 by Baldwin, Archbishop of Canterbury. The marriage was arranged by King Henry II of England, who was at the time the acknowledged overlord of Scotland: William considered her status beneath him, but agreed after Henry offered to pay for the entire wedding, land valued at 100 merks and 40 knight’s fees, and to return the castles that he had forfeited, one of them being Edinburgh.

The chronicler Walter Bower described Ermengarde as ‘an extraordinary woman, gifted with a charming and witty eloquence’. Though William had many lovers before his marriage, he was reportedly never unfaithful to her after their wedding. The relatives of Ermengarde benefited from her status as queen. She is recorded to have presided with the Bishop of St. Andrews over a complex court case. In 1207, there was a complaint by a canon that a royal chaplain obtained the bishopric of Glasgow by bribing the King and the Queen. Queen Ermengarde is credited with mediating a renegotiation of the 1209 treaty, probably due to her husband’s incapacity. Due to the illness of William, Ermengarde took over some of his duties during his later years, and there is evidence that she wielded considerable influence in public affairs. In 1212, she accompanied William with their children to King John of England to secure the succession of their son Alexander. Ermengarde was described as distraught and lethargic over her husband’s death in 1214.

As queen dowager, she devoted her time to the foundation of a Cistercian abbey at Balmerino in Fife. It was completed in 1229, and she often visited it as a guest with her son Alexander. She stayed at the abbey many times.


She died on 12 February 1233/1234, and was buried at St Edward of Balmerino Abbey, Fife.


    • Alison Weir, Britain's Royal Families: The Complete Genealogy
    • "The Kings and Queens of Scotland" edited by Richard Oram
    • "Scottish Queens 1034-1714" by Rosalind K. Marshall
    • "British Kings and Queens" by Mike Ashley
    Preceded by
    Maud of Huntingdon
    Queen consort of Scotland
    Succeeded by
    Joan of England
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