Equality impact assessment

An equality impact assessment (EqIA) is a process designed to ensure that a policy, project or scheme does not discriminate against any disadvantaged or vulnerable people.[1]


The EqIA process aims to prevent discrimination against people who are categorised as being disadvantaged or vulnerable within society.[1] These categories are called equality target groups (ETGs) and are currently designated by the Greater London Authority as:

  • women;
  • black, Asian and ethnic-minority people;
  • young people and children;
  • older people;
  • disabled people;
  • Lesbian people, gay people, bisexual people and transsexual people; and
  • people from different faith groups.

Previous EqIAs have included other categories of people such as people on low incomes and gypsies and Irish Travellers.[2]

Within the UK, EqIAs are still popular as a means of ensuring that the public-sector equality duty is met. On 19 November 2012, prime minister David Cameron announced that EqIAs would no longer be undertaken for government decisions.[3]

See also


  1. "Ready: What is an equality impact assessment?". Equality impact assessment quick-start guide: A step-by-step guide to integrating equality impact assessment into policymaking and review (PDF). Equality and Human Rights Commission. March 2010. p. 3. ISBN 978 1 84206 269 2. Archived from the original (PDF document) on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  2. Planning policy for traveller sites: Equality impact assessment (PDF document). Communities and Local Government. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  3. BBC News. URL accessed 19 November 2012.

Further reading

Bainard, J., Jones, A., Bateman, I., Lovett, A. & Fallon, P. (2001) Modelling environmental equity: access to air quality in Birmingham, England Environment and Planning A 2002, volume 34, pages 695 – 716

Burningham, K. & Thrush, D. (2001) Local environmental concerns in disadvantaged neighbourhoods

Capacity Global (2004) BME Communities Tackling Environmental and Social Inequalities

Davies, A. and Binsted, A. (2007) Environmental Equity and Equality Impact Assessment in the United Kingdom (07-1568) - TRB Annual Meeting Compendium of Papers CD-ROM, TRB 86th Annual Meeting, Washington D.C., January 2007

Friends of the Earth (2000) Pollution injustice

Friends of the Earth (2001) Pollution and Poverty – Breaking the Link

Gay, R., Jeffery, B., and Saunders, P. (2005) Burden of disease: environmental inequalities

Greater London Authority (2003) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them

Transport for London (2004) Equality Impact Assessments - How to do them

Walker, G. Fairburn, J. Smith, G. and Mitchell, G. (2003) Environmental Quality and Social Deprivation

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