An environmental organization is an organization coming out of the conservation or environmental movements that seeks to protect, analyse or monitor the environment against misuse or degradation from human forces.
In this sense the environment may refer to the biophysical environment, the natural environment or the built environment. The organization may be a charity, a trust, a non-governmental organization or a government organization. Environmental organizations can be global, national, regional or local.
Issues in focus
List of environmental organizations
Notable global environmental organizations are the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), World Wide Fund for Nature, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), World Meteorological Organization, Greenpeace, Earth Day, and Friends of the Earth.
Many interest groups and associations have been formed, often industry supported, to counter the influence of environmental organizations.
- Johnson, Erik W.; Scott Frickel (2011). "Ecological Threat and the Founding of U.S. National Environmental Movement Organizations, 1962–1998". Social Problems. 58 (Aug. 2011) (3): 305–29. doi:10.1525/sp.2011.58.3.305.
This study examines the role of "ecological threat" in shaping the U.S. environmental movement. … Declines in wildlife populations are associated with the foundings of wildlife and wilderness protection organizations while increases in air pollution are associated with the foundings of organizations focused on ecosystem well-being and public health.