# Enneacontagon

In geometry, an enneacontagon or enenecontagon or 90-gon (from Ancient Greek ἑννενήκοντα, ninety) is a ninety-sided polygon. The sum of any enneacontagon's interior angles is 15840 degrees.

Regular enneacontagon
A regular enneacontagon
TypeRegular polygon
Edges and vertices90
Schläfli symbol{90}, t{45}
Coxeter diagram
Symmetry groupDihedral (D90), order 2×90
Internal angle (degrees)176°
Dual polygonSelf
PropertiesConvex, cyclic, equilateral, isogonal, isotoxal

A regular enneacontagon is represented by Schläfli symbol {90} and can be constructed as a truncated tetracontapentagon, t{45}, which alternates two types of edges.

## Regular enneacontagon properties

One interior angle in a regular enneacontagon is 176°, meaning that one exterior angle would be 4°.

The area of a regular enneacontagon is (with t = edge length)

$A={\frac {45}{2}}t^{2}\cot {\frac {\pi }{90}}$ $r={\frac {1}{2}}t\cot {\frac {\pi }{90}}$ The circumradius of a regular enneacontagon is

$R={\frac {1}{2}}t\csc {\frac {\pi }{90}}$ Since 90 = 2 × 32 × 5, a regular enneacontagon is not constructible using a compass and straightedge, but is constructible if the use of an angle trisector is allowed.

## Symmetry

The regular enneacontagon has Dih90 dihedral symmetry, order 180, represented by 90 lines of reflection. Dih90 has 11 dihedral subgroups: Dih45, (Dih30, Dih15), (Dih18, Dih9), (Dih10, Dih5), (Dih6, Dih3), and (Dih2, Dih1). And 12 more cyclic symmetries: (Z90, Z45), (Z30, Z15), (Z18, Z9), (Z10, Z5), (Z6, Z3), and (Z2, Z1), with Zn representing π/n radian rotational symmetry.

These 24 symmetries are related to 30 distinct symmetries on the enneacontagon. John Conway labels these lower symmetries with a letter and order of the symmetry follows the letter. He gives d (diagonal) with mirror lines through vertices, p with mirror lines through edges (perpendicular), i with mirror lines through both vertices and edges, and g for rotational symmetry. a1 labels no symmetry.

These lower symmetries allows degrees of freedom in defining irregular enneacontagons. Only the g90 symmetry has no degrees of freedom but can seen as directed edges.

## Dissection

Coxeter states that every zonogon (a 2m-gon whose opposite sides are parallel and of equal length) can be dissected into m(m-1)/2 parallelograms.  In particular this is true for regular polygons with evenly many sides, in which case the parallelograms are all rhombi. For the regular enneacontagon, m=45, it can be divided into 990: 22 sets of 45 rhombs. This decomposition is based on a Petrie polygon projection of a 45-cube.

## Enneacontagram

An enneacontagram is a 90-sided star polygon. There are 11 regular forms given by Schläfli symbols {90/7}, {90/11}, {90/13}, {90/17}, {90/19}, {90/23}, {90/29}, {90/31}, {90/37}, {90/41}, and {90/43}, as well as 33 regular star figures with the same vertex configuration.

 Pictures Interior angle Pictures Interior angle {90/7} {90/11} {90/13} {90/17} {90/19} {90/23} 152° 136° 128° 112° 104° 88° {90/29} {90/31} {90/37} {90/41} {90/43} 64° 56° 32° 16° 8°