Enkhuizen

Enkhuizen [ɛŋkˈɦœy̯zə(n)] (listen) is a municipality and a city in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland and the region of West-Frisia.

Enkhuizen
Harbor of Enkhuizen
Location in North Holland
Coordinates: 52°42′N 5°18′E
CountryNetherlands
ProvinceNorth Holland
Government
  BodyMunicipal council
  MayorEduard van Zuijlen
Area
  Total116.25 km2 (44.88 sq mi)
  Land12.42 km2 (4.80 sq mi)
  Water103.83 km2 (40.09 sq mi)
Elevation3 m (10 ft)
Population
 (August 2017)[3]
  Total18,480
  Density1,488/km2 (3,850/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Enkhuizer
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postcode
1600–1602
Area code0228
Websitewww.enkhuizen.nl

History

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
13981,900    
14773,500+0.78%
14943,175−0.57%
15143,600+0.63%
15534,450+0.54%
15575,500+5.44%
15617,750+8.95%
162221,878+1.72%
163219,150−1.32%
173210,420−0.61%
17956,803−0.67%
Source: Lourens & Lucassen 1997, pp. 59–60

Enkhuizen, like Hoorn and Amsterdam,was one of the harbor-towns of the VOC, from where overseas trade with the East Indies was conducted. It received city rights in 1355. In the mid-17th century, Enkhuizen was at the peak of its power and was one of the most important harbor cities in the Netherlands. However, due to a variety of reasons, notably the silting up of the harbors, Enkhuizen lost its position to Amsterdam.

Tourism

Enkhuizen has one of the largest marinas in the Netherlands. Zuiderzeemuseum is located in Enkhuizen. Architecturally, the Drommedaris is the oldest building in Enkhuizen, from 1540. Tourists take boat trips to and from the port to Medemblik.[4]

Industry

Industrially, Enkhuizen is home to a number of seed production companies, Enza Zaden, Syngenta, Monsanto,as well as a plastics factory. Tourism is a large part of the economy, too.

Population centres

The municipality of Enkhuizen consists of the following cities, towns, villages and/or districts: Enkhuizen, Oosterdijk, Westeinde.

Local government

The municipal council of Enkhuizen consists of 17 seats, which are divided as follows:

Transport

Enkhuizen station offers direct rail service to Hoorn, Amsterdam and Maastricht/Heerlen, with the journey to Amsterdam Centraal of around an hour.

Furthermore, during summer ferries for pedestrians and cyclists operate between Enkhuizen and Stavoren; between Enkhuizen and Medemblik; and between Enkhuizen and Urk.

It is also possible to drive or cycle across the Houtribdijk to Lelystad, passing under a naviduct near the Krabbersgat lock.

Notable buildings

Notable residents

Sport

References

Citations

  1. "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
  2. "Postcodetool for 1601KA". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 3 March 2014.
  3. "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 27 October 2017. Retrieved 27 October 2017.
  4. DK Eyewitness Travel Guide: The Netherlands: The Netherlands. DK Publishing. 1 August 2011. p. 178. ISBN 978-0-7566-8476-1.
  5. Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography, Steendam, Jacob retrieved 20 September 2019

Sources

  • Lourens, Piet; Lucassen, Jan (1997). Inwonertallen van Nederlandse steden ca. 1300–1800. Amsterdam: NEHA. ISBN 9057420082.
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