English-language press of the Socialist Party of America
This is a list of newspapers and magazines in the United States owned by, or editorially supportive of, the Socialist Party of America (SPA, established 1901).
Also included are papers associated with the direct predecessors of the SPA — the Social Democratic Party of America with headquarters in Chicago (split from the Social Democracy of America in 1898) and the Social Democratic Party of America with headquarters in Springfield, Massachusetts (split from the Socialist Labor Party of America in 1899).
The format is: (1) Title, (2) place of publication, (3) publisher, (4) (dates).
Dates indicated are the years the papers were known to be in press and allied with the Socialist Party, not necessarily all years of publication.
- Alaska Socialist, Fairbanks (1913-19??)
- Free Press, Fairbanks (1914-1914)
- Socialist Press, Fairbanks (1914-19??)
- Tanana Valley Socialist, Fairbanks (19??-19??)
- Arkansas Socialist, Little Rock: L.W. Lowry and S.W. Harvey (1906-1907)
- Call to Action, Paragould (1912-19??)
- Commoner, Mena (1938-19??)
- Commoner, Pine Bluff: Amasa George Hurd (1906-1907)
- Commonwealth College Fortnightly, Mena (1925-1938)
- Crawford County Star, Van Buren (1913)
- Critic, Piggott: Charles N. Walker (1912-1917)
- Fair Deal, Siloam Springs (1907)
- Green County Socialist, Paragould (1913-1914)
- Hot Springs Clarion, Hot Springs (1913)
- Huntington Herald, Huntington: Dan Hogan (1901-1912)
- Southern Worker, Huntington: Dan Hogan (1912-c. 1916)
- Investigator, Green Forest, Berryville: J.W. Fairchild (1911-1913)
- Jefferson County Agitator, Pine Bluff: George Washington Galloway (1913-1914)
- Monroe County Socialist, Clarendon (1913)
- People's Friend, Rogers: W.A. Daugherty, A.M. Merrill (1909-1915)
- Pioneer, Maddock (White County): John Harlan (1908-1912)
- Pulaski County Socialist, Little Rock (1913)
- Red Flag, Fort Smith (1913)
- Revolutionist, Jonesboro (1913)
- White County Worker, Judsonia (1913)
- Workers’ Weekly, Little Rock: W.H. Tanner and C.H. Reeb (1915)
- California Progressive Leader, Los Angeles (1939-194?)
- California Social-Democrat, Los Angeles (1911-19??)
- California Socialist, San Francisco (1902-1903)
- Class Struggle, San Francisco (1899-1901)
- Advance, San Francisco (1901-1902)
- Common Sense, Los Angeles (1904-1909)
- Forum, Stockton (1921-1959)
- Labor Action, San Francisco (1936-1937)
- Los Angeles Socialist, Los Angeles (1901-1904)
- New Charter, Santa Cruz (1893-1898)
- Revolt, San Francisco (1911-19??)
- Western Comrade, Los Angeles: Job Harriman, Frank E. Wolfe (1913-1918)
- World for the Workers, Denver (1913)
- American Appeal, Chicago (1926-1927)
- American Socialist, Chicago: J. Louis Engdahl (1914-1917)
- Chicago Evening World, Chicago (1912-1912)
- Chicago Labor, Chicago (1893-1893)
- Chicago Socialist, Chicago (1902-1907)
- Chicago Socialist, Chicago (1912-19??)
- Christian Socialist, Danville (1903-1916)
- International Socialist Review, Chicago (1900-1918)
- Nauvoo Tribune, Nauvoo (1852-18??)
- Party Builder, Chicago (1912-1914)
- Quincy Socialist, Quincy (1913)
- Rock Island County Socialist, Moline (1913)
- Social Democratic Herald, Chicago (1898-1913)
- Social Justice, Canton (1915-19??)
- Socialist Alliance, Chicago (1896-1???)
- Socialist, Chicago (1878-18??)
- Solidarity, Chicago (1920-1921)
- Tri-City Leader, Illinois
- Workers' Call, Chicago (1899-1906)
- Chicago Daily Socialist, Chicago (1906-1912)
- Young People's Socialist Magazine, Chicago: William F. Kruse
- Boone County Searchlight, Boone (1913)
- Cerro Gordo Leader, Mason City (1913)
- Clinton County Socialist, Lyons (1913)
- Council Bluffs Socialist, Council Bluffs (1913)
- Dallas County Worker, Perry (1913)
- Floyd County Socialist, Charles City (1913)
- Iowa Socialist, Dubuque (1902-1904)
- Linn County Searchlight, Cedar Rapids (1913)
- Marshall County Tocsin, Marshalltown (1913)
- Monroe County Leader, Albia (1913)
- Muscatine County Socialist, Muscatine (1913)
- Ottumwa Referendum, Ottumwa (1913)
- Scott County Socialist, Davenport (1913)
- Searchlight, Grinnell (1913)
- Vanguard, Waterloo (1913)
- Voice of the Toilers, Centerville (1913)
- Advance, Dodge City: Kramer and Joquel (1900-1901)
- American Freeman, Girard: Emanual Haldeman-Julius (1929-1951)
- American Non-Conformist, Girard: H.L. Vincent (1886-1891)
- Appeal to Reason, Girard: J.A. Wayland (1895-1922)
- Chanute Leader, Chanute (1913)
- Coming Nation, Girard: J.A. Wayland and Fred D. Warren. (1910-1913)
- Crusader, Iola: Socialist Crusader Publishing Co. (1914-1915)
- Decatur County Socialist, Oberlin: Socialist Campaign Co. (1906)
- Emporia Convincer, Emporia: Emporia Convincer Publishing Co. (1912)
- Freedom's Banner, Iola: Socialist Co-operative Publishing Co. (1913-1914)
- Girard News, Girard: Black and Laughlin (1878-1879)
- Graham Gem, Hill City: T.H. McGill (1897-1901)
- Gunn Powder, Pittsburg: John Walker Gunn (1913-1914)
- Harvey County Socialist, Newton (1913)
- Independent News, Girard: H.P. Button (1896-1909)
- Iola Co-operator, Iola: Iola Co-operator Publishing Co. (1912-1913)
- Labor Herald, Pittsburg: Sears and Leftwich (1911-1913)
- Leavenworth Socialist, Leavenworth (1913)
- Line-Up, Kansas City: Line-Up Publishing Co. (1904-1905)
- Linn County Searchlight, Pleasanton (1913)
- Long Island Leader, Long Island: J.N. Curl. (1886-1905)
- Moreland Independent, Moreland: Thomas H. McGill (1901-1902)
- National Socialist, Girard: Fred D. Warren (1914)
- News and Views, Sedan (1913)
- People's Advocate, Munden: P.J. Goerge (1912-1913)
- Progressive Herald, Lawrence: Workers Co-operative Publishing Co. (1913-1915)
- Prolucutor, Syracuse: Prolocutor Publishing Co. (1909-1911)
- Recall, Arkansas City: H.I. Bryant (c. 1911-1914)
- Saline County Socialist, Salina (1913)
- Shawnee County Socialist, Topeka: Socialist Co-operative Publishing Co. (1913-1914)
- Social Ethics, Wichita: G. Lowthern and T.E. Will (1904-1905)
- Weekly Peoples' Forum, Lawrence: (1919)
- Worker's Call, Wichita: Wichita Socialist Press Association (1912)
- Worker's Chronicle, Pittsburg: George D. Brewer and W. T. Sears (1914-1923)
- Socialist Light, Shreveport (1913)
- Maryland Leader, Baltimore (1929-19??)
- Haverhill Social Democrat, Haverhill (1899-1901)
- Exponent, Saginaw (1900)
- American Bolshevik, Minneapolis (1919-1919)
- Duluth Socialist, Duluth (1913-19??)
- Eye Opener, Crookston (1911-1914)
- Minnesota Social Democratic Bulletin, Minneapolis (1900-1900)
- Minnesota Socialist, Minneapolis (19??-19??)
- New Times, Minneapolis (1910-19??)
- St. Paul Labor, St. Paul (1894-1896)
- Truth, Duluth (1917-1923)
- American Vanguard, St. Louis (192?-19??)
- Boston Labor, St. Louis (1893-189?)
- East St. Louis Labor, St. Louis (1894-189?)
- Joplin Socialist, Joplin (1913)
- Kansas City Labor, St. Louis (189?-189?)
- Kansas City Socialist, Kansas City (1913)
- Labor, St. Louis (1893-19??)
- Labor News, St. Louis (1893-18??)
- Lincoln Socialist-Labor, St. Louis (1895-1896)
- Louisville Labor, St. Louis (1894-189?)
- Maplewood Herald, Maplewood Station (1911-19??)
- Milwaukee Labor, St. Louis (1893-189?)
- Missouri Labor, St. Louis (18??-18??)
- Missouri Socialist, St. Louis (1901-19??)
- National Rip-Saw, St. Louis (1913)
- People’s Appeal, St. Joseph (1913)
- People’s Voice, St. Louis (1911-19??)
- Pueblo Labor, St. Louis (1893-189?)
- Scott County Kicker, Benton: Phil A. Hafner (1901-1917)
- Social Democrat, Independence (1913)
- Social Revolution, St. Louis (1917-19??)
- Troy Labor, St. Louis (1893-189?)
- Buffalo Socialist, Buffalo (1912-19??)
- Glove City Socialist, Gloversville (1912-19??)
- Labor Action, New York (1933-1934)
- New Age, Buffalo (1912-1925)
- New Leader, New York City (1924-1940)
- New York Socialist, New York (1908-1908)
- People [dissident William Street edition], New York City (1899-1901)
- Worker, New York City (1901-1908)
- New York Call, New York City (1908-1923)
- New York Leader, New York City (1923)
- Regenerator, New York (1844-18??)
- Socialist, New York (1876-1876)
- Socialist Appeal, New York (1937-1941)
- Socialist Call, New York City (1935-1947)
- Weekly People, New York (1900-1979)
- West Side Socialist News, New York (1931-????)
- Cleveland Citizen, Cleveland: Max S. Hays (1891-current)
- Cleveland Socialist, Cleveland (1911-1914)
- Miami Valley Socialist, Ohio (1912-1929)
- New Nation, Dayton (1904-19??)
- Ohio Labor, Toledo (1894-1???)
- Ohio Socialist, Cleveland (19??-19??)
- Ohio Socialist, Dayton (1903-1904)
- Ohio Socialist, Lakewood (1917-1919)
- Socialist News, Cleveland (1914-????)
- Age of Reason, Oklahoma City (191?-191?)
- Agitator, Sayre (1913-191?)
- American Guardian, Oklahoma City (1931-1942)
- American Socialist, Garvin (1910-191?)
- Answer, Pawnee, Oklahoma Territory (1894-1895)
- Beacon Light, Laverne, Harper County (1912-1916)
- Challenge, Medford (190?-190?)
- Clarita Enterprise, Clarita, Coal County (1910-19??)
- Commanche County Socialist, Lawton (1913)
- Common People, Stillwater (1903-1904)
- Constructive Socialist, Alva, Woods County (191?-191?)
- Ellis County Advocate, Gage, Ellis County (1918-192?)
- Ellis County Socialist, Shattuck (1914-1917)
- Goltry Eagle, Goltry, Woods County (191?-191?)
- Goltry News, Goltry, Woods County (190?-1914)
- Grady County Socialist, Chickasha (1913)
- Grant County Socialist, Medford (1912-191?)
- Hughes County Socialist, Lamar (1913)
- Industrial Democrat, Oklahoma City (1910-19??)
- Johnston County Socialist, Tishomingo (191?-191?)
- Justice, Duncan, Indian Territory (1907-1907)
- Lancet, Norman (1904-190?)
- Lincoln County Socialist, Davenport, Lincoln County, (1915-191?)
- May Record, May, Harper County, (1912-191?)
- Musings of the Old Kuss, Sayre (1915-19??)
- Muskogee County Emancipator, Muskogee (1913)
- New Century, Sulphur: H. Grady Milner (1911-1913)
- New-State Socialist, Cornish, Jefferson County, (1908-19??)
- Nowata County Plain Talk, Nowata (1913)
- Oklahoma Daily Socialist, Newkirk (1903-19??)
- Oklahoma Leader, Oklahoma City: Dan Hogan, Oscar Ameringer, Freda Ameringer (1920-1972)
- Oklahoma Pioneer, Oklahoma City (1910-191?)
- Oklahoma Socialist Bulletin, Oklahoma City (1906-19??)
- Oklahoma Socialist, Duncan, Stephens County, (1910-191?)
- Oklahoma Weekly Leader, Oklahoma City (1928-1931)
- Otter Valley Socialist, Snyder (1914-1918)
- People’s Tribune, Pawhuska, Osage Reservation (1906-19??)
- Peoples Voice, Watonga: A. L. McRill (1906)
- Pittsburgh County Hornet, McAlester (1913)
- Progressive Worker, Henryetta (1913)
- Rogers County Voice, Claremore (1912-1914)
- Sledge Hammer, Okemah (1912-191?)
- Social Democrat, Oklahoma City (191?-19??)
- Social Democrat, Sayre (1912-191?)
- Social Iconoclast, Wagoner (1913-191?)
- Socialist Antidote Independent, Mangum (1915-191?)
- Socialist Herald, Madill (1911-1912)
- Submarine, Boswell (1912-1915)
- Sunlight, Carmen (1914-191?)
- Sword of Truth, Sentinel (1912-191?)
- Tenant Farmer, Kingfisher (1912-191?)
- Tishomingo News, Tishomingo (1915-19??)
- Wagoner County Socialist, Wagoner (1913)
- Woods County Socialist, Alva (1910-191?)
- World-wide War, Pawhuska (1915-191?)
- X-Ray, Ardmore (191?-191?)
- Yale Record, Yale (1902-1965)
- Beacon, Johnston (1897-1898)
- Social Democrat, Memphis (1911-1913)
- Bell County Socialist, Temple (1913)
- Builder, Shreveport (1913)
- Common Sense, Tyler (1913)
- Corpus Christi Socialist'', Corpus Christi (1913)
- Eye Opener, Mt. Pleasant (1913)
- Farmers' Review, Bonham (1900)
- Freestone County Truth, Teague (1913)
- Gregg County Red Ball, Longview (1913)
- Harrison County Searchlight, Marshall (1913)
- Hill County Worker, Hillsboro (1913)
- Hopkins County Red Special, Sulphur Springs (1913)
- Kaufman County Socialist, Terrell (1913)
- Labor Journal, Dallas (1900)
- Limestone County News, Thornton (1913)
- Plain Dealer, Corsicana (1913)
- Rebel, Hallettsville: T.A. Hickey (1911-1917)
- San Antonio Socialist, San Antonio (1913)
- Searchlight, Taylor (1913)
- Texarkana Socialist, Texarkana: J.C. Thompson
- Texas Republic, Paris (1900)
- Union Star, Brookneal (1912-current)
- Commonwealth, Everett: Commonwealth Pub. Co. (1911-1914)
- Co-operative News, Everett (1917-19??)
- Economic Equality, Bellingham (1932-193?)
- Lewis County Clarion, Centralia (1913)
- Northwest Worker, Everett (1915-1917)
- Party Builder, Everett (1915-1919)
- Social Vanguard, Spokane (1931-19??)
- Socialist Worker, Tacoma (1913-1914)
- Truth, Tacoma (1913-1913)
- Watchman, Evanston: J.H.Ryckman (1908)
- US Newspaper Directory Search, Chronicling America, Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/newspapers/, accessed 3 November 2018.
- G. Gregory Kiser. ″The Socialist Party in Arkansas, 1900-1912.″ The Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 40, No. 2 (Summer, 1981), p. 153.
- Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock, Arkansas), 5 May 1906, p. 8.
- Socialist Party Official Bulletin (Chicago), August 1907, p. 3.
- "Arkansas Fourth Estate," Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock, Arkansas), 19 September 1906, p. 2.
- ″Socialist Co-Operative Papers,″ Freedom's Banner (Iola, Kansas), 17 May 1913, p. 4. All of the newspapers with this citation were printed at the central plant of the Socialist Co-Operative Publishing Company at Iola, Kansas, then shipped to the respective states/towns for distribution.
- N.W. Ayer & Son’s American Newspaper Annual and Directory (Philadelphia: N.W. Ayer and Son, 1916), p. 55.
- "All Over Arkansas" Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas), 27 November 1917, p. 6.
- "Business Block Burns at Siloam Springs," Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock, Arkansas), 13 August 1907, p. 8. The article indicated that The Fair Deal this was the official State Socialist paper.
- "Search Records," Arkansas State Archives, http://archives.arkansas.gov/research/search-records/SearchRecordDetails.aspx?catalog=snn&id=2055, accessed 3 November 2018.
- N.W. Ayer & Son’s American Newspaper Annual and Directory (Philadelphia: N.W. Ayer and Son, 1912), p. 51.
- N.W. Ayer & Son’s American Newspaper Annual and Directory (Philadelphia: N.W. Ayer and Son, 1914), p. 50.
- N.W. Ayer & Son’s American Newspaper Annual and Directory (Philadelphia: N.W. Ayer and Son, 1916), p. 51.
- "All Over Arkansas," Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas) 31 October 1912, p. 6.
- "All Over Arkansas," Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas) 3 July 1912, p. 4.
- "To Publish 'Investigator'," Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock, Arkansas), 30 June 1911, p. 7.
- "Socialist Organ Suspends,"Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas), 23 June 1915, p. 2.
- N.W. Ayer & Son’s American Newspaper Annual and Directory (Philadelphia: N.W. Ayer and Son, 1910), p. 50.
- “Arkansas Notes.”Fort Smith Times (Fort Smith, Arkansas), 13 August 1908, p. 4. “White county has a paper published in a farmhouse, ten miles from the nearest post office. It is called the Pioneer, and is edited and published by John Harlan, the socialist candidate for associate justice of the supreme court.”
- Freedom's Banner (Iola, Kansas), 10 May 1913, p. 4.
- "Editor and Writer Face Criminal Libel Charges," Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas) 29 May 1915, p. 4.
- The Worker, Dec. 21, 1902, pg. 2.
- Jason D. Martinek, Socialism and Print Culture in America, 1897–1920 (Routledge, 2015), p. 84.
- "Indict Former Congressman and 4 for Disloyalty," Pine Bluff Daily Graphic (Pine Bluff, Arkansas), 10 March 1918, p. 1.
- Official organ of the Chicago SDP, taken over by Victor Berger and moved to Milwaukee after the 1901 merger forming the SPA.
- National Campaign Committee of the Socialist Party, The Socialist Campaign Book of 1900. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr & Co., 1900; pg. 145.
- Kansas Historical Society, ″Socialist newspapers in Kansas,″ https://www.kshs.org/p/socialist-newspapers-in-kansas/13874, accessed 17 October 2018.
- ″New Paper to be Launched,″ Freedom's Banner (Iola, Kansas), 9 August 1913, p. 1.
- "H.I. Bryant Dead," The Dexter Tribune (Dexter, Kansas), 3 December 1914, p. 1.
- "Socialists Notice." Freedom's Banner (Iola, Kansas), 23 August 1913, p. 1.
- "Butte Socialist Paper Dynamited,"Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock, Arkansas), 11 June 1915, p. 1.
- Severed affiliation with the Social Democratic Federation in 1940. Continued publication until 2006.
- Same banner and numbering system as the Beekman Street version edited by Daniel DeLeon.
- “Cleveland Citizen,“ Encyclopedia of Cleveland History, [Case Western Reserve University], https://case.edu/ech/articles/c/cleveland-citizen, accessed 3 November 2018.
- ″Announcements.″ The Daily Ardmoreite (Ardmore, Oklahoma) 4 March 1913, p. 4
- Michael Pierce. "Great Women All, Serving a Glorious Cause: Freda Hogan Ameringer's Reminiscences of Socialism in Arkansas," The Arkansas Historical Quarterly, Vol. 69, No. 4 (Winter 2010), p. 308.
- "Oklahoma Socialist Newspapers," Oklahoma Historical Society, https://gateway.okhistory.org/explore/collections/OKSNP/#titles, accessed 4 November 2018.
- "Editors are on Sedition Trial," Arkansas Democrat (Little Rock, Arkansas), 27 June 1911, p. 4.
- The Socialist Party Official Bulletin (Chicago), Vol. IV, No. 11, July 1910, pg. 5.
- The Socialist Party Official Bulletin (Chicago), Vol. VI, No. 1), July 1910, pg. 7.
- "Socialists Arrested," Daily Arkansas Gazette (Little Rock, Arkansas), 20 May 1917, p. 5.
- "About The Socialist and labor star. (Huntington, W. Va.) 1911-1915," Chronicling America, Library of Congress, https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85059765/, accessed 3 November 2018.
- Formerly official organ of Chicago SDP, published in Chicago, taken over by Berger and moved to Milwaukee after the 1901 merger forming the SPA.
- The Socialist Party Official Bulletin (Chicago), Vol. IV, No. 11, July 1908, pg. 3.