Energy & Environment

Energy & Environment (E&E) is an academic journal "covering the direct and indirect environmental impacts of energy acquisition, transport, production and use".[1] Under its editor-in-chief from 1998 to 2017, Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen, it was known for easygoing peer-review and publishing climate change denial papers.[2] Yiu Fai Tsang became its editor-in-chief in May 2017.[3]

Energy & Environment
DisciplineEnvironment, climate change, energy economics, energy policy
Edited byYiu Fai Tsang
Publication details
0.319 (2012)
Standard abbreviations
ISO 4Energy Environ.
OCLC no.21187549

Abstracting and indexing

The journal is abstracted and indexed in the Social Sciences Citation Index,[4] Scopus,[5] EBSCO databases,[6] Current Contents/Social & Behavioral Sciences, and Compendex.[1] According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2012 impact factor of 0.319, ranking it 90th out of 93 journals in the category "Environmental Studies".[7]


The journal's mission statement states that the publication's "objective is to inform across professional and disciplinary boundaries and debate the social, economic, political and technological implications of environmental controls, as well as interrogate the science claims made to justify environmental regulations of the energy industries, including transport."[8]


Energy & Environment was first published in 1989; David Everest (Department of the Environment, United Kingdom) was its founding editor. Following his death in 1998, Boehmer-Christiansen became the journal's editor. She and several members of the journal's editorial advisory board had previously been associated with "the Energy and Environment Groups" at the Science and Technology Policy Unit (University of Sussex), with John Surrey.[8] Its publisher, Multi-science ceased trading on 31 December 2015[9] and the journal was transferred to SAGE.[10] In May 2017, Yiu Fai Tsang became the journal's editor.[3]

Climate change denial and criticism

The journal is regarded as "a small journal that caters to climate change denialists".[11] It has played an important role in attacking climate science and scientists, for example Michael E. Mann.[12]

Several scientists and socials scientists such Gavin Schmidt, Roger A. Pielke, Jr. Stephan Lewandowsky and Michael Ashley, have criticised that E&E has low standards of peer review and little impact.[13][14] In addition, Ralph Keeling criticized a paper in the journal which claimed that CO2 levels were above 400 ppm in 1825, 1857 and 1942, writing in a letter to the editor, "Is it really the intent of E&E to provide a forum for laundering pseudo-science?"[13][15]

A 2005 article in Environmental Science & Technology stated that the journal is "obscure" and that "scientific claims made in Energy & Environment have little credibility among scientists."[12] Boehmer-Christiansen acknowledged that the journal's "impact rating has remained too low for many ambitious young researchers to use it", but blamed this on "the negative attitudes of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)/Climatic Research Unit people."[16] According to Hans von Storch, the journal “tries to give people who do not have a platform a platform,” which "is then attractive for skeptic papers. They know they can come through and that interested people make sure the paper enters the political realm.”[12]

When asked about the publication in the Spring of 2003 of a revised version of the paper at the center of the Soon and Baliunas controversy, Boehmer-Christiansen said, "I'm following my political agenda -- a bit, anyway. But isn't that the right of the editor?"[17]

Part of the journal's official mission statement reads: "E&E has consistently striven to publish many ‘voices’ and to challenge conventional wisdoms. Perhaps more so than other European energy journal, the editor has made E&E a forum for more sceptical analyses of ‘climate change’ and the advocated solutions".[8]

The journal has also been accused of publishing papers that could not have passed any reasonable peer review process, such as one in 2011 that claimed that the Sun was made of iron.[2][18]

See also


  1. "Energy & Environment". Accessed: May 19, 2012.
  2. Thacker, Paul D.; Tennant, Jon (1 August 2019). "Why we shouldn't take peer review as the 'gold standard'". Washington Post.
  3. "Editorial". Energy & Environment. 28 (5–6): 543. 2017-09-15. doi:10.1177/0958305X17733089.
  4. "Master Journal list". Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 2011-05-09.
  5. "Energy and Environment". Scopus., accessed 24 June 2015 (subscription required)
  6. "Environment Index: Database Coverage List" (PDF). EBSCO. Retrieved 2009-11-30.
  7. "Journals Ranked by Impact: Environmental Studies". 2012 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Social Sciences ed.). Thomson Reuters. 2013.
  8. "Energy & Environment: Mission Statement". Multi-Science Publishing. Retrieved 2012-08-11.
  9. "Multi-Science Publishing website". Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  10. "Multi-Science journals". Retrieved 2018-12-12.
  11. Riley Dunlap, Aaron M. McCright: Challenging Climate Change. The Denial Countermovement. In: Riley Dunlap, Robert J. Brulle (Hrsg.): Climate Change and Society. Sociological Perspectives. Report of the American Sociological Association’s Task Force on Sociology and Global Climate Change. Oxford University Press, 2015, 300–332, p 324 and 328.
  12. Thacker, Paul D. (31 August 2005). "Skeptics get a journal" (PDF). Environ. Sci. Technol. American Chemical Society. Retrieved 26 February 2014.
  13. Barley, Shanta (February 25, 2011). "Real Climate faces libel suit". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 June 2011.
  14. Stephan Lewandowsky, Michael Ashley: The weird and wacky world of climate change denial. The Australian. 22. june 2011.
  15. Keeling, Ralph (September 2007). "Comment on "180 years of atmospheric CO2 gas analysis by chemical methods" by ernst-georg beck" (PDF). Energy & Environment. 18 (5): 635–641. doi:10.1260/0958-305x.18.5.635.
  16. Memorandum submitted by Dr Sonja Boehmer-Christiansen (CRU 26)
  17. Monastersky, Richard (September 5, 2003). "Storm Brews Over Global Warming". Chronicle of Higher Education.
  18. Barley, Shanta (2011-02-25). "Real Climate faces libel suit". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2019-08-03.
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