In geometry, the elongated pyramids are an infinite set of polyhedra, constructed by adjoining an n-gonal pyramid to an n-gonal prism. Along with the set of pyramids, these figures are topologically self-dual.
|Set of elongated pyramids|
Example Pentagonal form
|Symmetry group||Cnv, [n], (*nn)|
|Rotational group||Cn, [n]+, (nn)|
There are three elongated pyramids that are Johnson solids made from regular triangles and square, and pentagons. Higher forms can be constructed with isosceles triangles.
|elongated triangular pyramid (J7)||3+1 triangles, 3 squares|
|elongated square pyramid (J8)||4 triangles, 4+1 squares|
|elongated pentagonal pyramid (J9)||5 triangles, 5 squares, 1 pentagon|
- Norman W. Johnson, "Convex Solids with Regular Faces", Canadian Journal of Mathematics, 18, 1966, pages 169–200. Contains the original enumeration of the 92 solids and the conjecture that there are no others.
- Victor A. Zalgaller (1969). Convex Polyhedra with Regular Faces. Consultants Bureau. No ISBN. The first proof that there are only 92 Johnson solids.