Elon Lages Lima
Elon Lages Lima (July 9, 1929 – May 7, 2017) was a Brazilian mathematician whose research concerned differential topology, algebraic topology, and differential geometry. Lima was an influential figure in the development of mathematics in Brazil.
Elon Lages Lima
|Died||May 7, 2017 87) (aged|
|Alma mater||University of Chicago|
University of Brazil
|Known for||Spectrum (topology)|
|Institutions||Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada|
|Thesis||Duality and Postnikov Invariants (1958)|
|Doctoral advisor||Edwin Spanier|
|Influenced||Fernando Codá Marques|
Lima was professor emeritus at Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada of which he was the director during three separate periods. Lima has been twice recipient of the Prêmio Jabuti from the Câmara Brasileira do Livro, for his textbooks Espaços Métricos and Álgebra Linear, and of the Anísio Teixeira Prize from the Ministry of Education and Sports. His mathematical style was heavily influenced by Bourbaki's.
He began his career as a high school teacher in Fortaleza, Ceará. Lima graduated with a bachelor's degree in Mathematics from the Universidade do Brasil (today UFRJ) in 1953. He obtained his Doctorate in 1958 from the University of Chicago with Edwin Henry Spanier as advisor. He is a former Guggenheim Fellow, and holds memberships in the Academia Brasileira de Ciências (Brazilian Academy of Sciences) and the TWAS, the Academy of Sciences for the Developing World. He is a professor Honoris Causa of the Universidade Federal do Ceará and of the University of Brasília. He was a member of the Upper Board of FAPERJ from 1987 to 1991. He was also a member of the National Board of Education.
He has written over thirty books in mathematics, some of which were intended for secondary school teachers. Between 1990 and 1995, he coordinated the IMPA-VITAE project, which held skills improvement courses for mathematics teachers in eleven cities from eight states throughout Brazil.
He received the grã-cruz ("Great Cross") of the Ordem Nacional do Mérito Científico ("National Order of Scientific Merit") of Brazil.
- Lima, E. L. (1964). "Common singularities of commuting vector fields on 2-manifolds". Commentarii Mathematici Helvetici. vol. 39, pp. 97–110.
- Lima, E. L. (1965). "Commuting vector fields on S3". Annals of Mathematics. vol. 81, pp. 70–88.
- do Carmo, M. and Lima, E. L. (1969). "Isometric immersions with semi-definite second quadratic forms". Archiv der Mathematik vol. 20, pp. 173–175.
- Lima, E. L. (1987). "Orientability of smooth hypersurfaces and the Jordan-Brouwer separation theorem". Expositiones Mathematicae. vol. 5, pp. 283–286.
- Spectrum (topology), a notion introduced by Lima.
- Circe Mary Silva da Silva, "Entrevista: Elon Lages Lima Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine", Revista Matemática Universitária, Number 33, December 2002, pp. 97–120.
- "Brazilian Academy of Sciences: Elon Lages Lima". Archived from the original on 2015-11-24. Retrieved 2015-11-24.
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-11-25. Retrieved 2016-03-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- IMPA - Instituto Nacional de Matemática Pura e Aplicada
- "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-11-24.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Elon Lages Lima at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- "Elon Lages Lima - Membros da ONMC". Archived from the original on 2008-05-11. Retrieved 2007-10-06.
- Dieudonné, Jean (2009-09-01). A History of Algebraic and Differential Topology, 1900 - 1960. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 610. ISBN 9780817649074.
- May, Jon Peter (1999). "Stable algebraic topology, 1945–1966". In James, I.M. (ed.). History of Topology. North Holland. ISBN 978-0-444-82375-5.