James Elmo Williams (April 30, 1913 – November 25, 2015) was an American film and television editor, producer, director and executive. His work on the film High Noon (1952) received the Academy Award for Best Film Editing. In 2006, Williams published Elmo Williams: A Hollywood Memoir.
Williams in 2007
James Elmo Williams
April 30, 1913
Lone Wolf, Oklahoma, U.S.
|Died||November 25, 2015 (aged 102)|
Brookings, Oregon, U.S.
|Occupation||film editor, film producer|
(m. 1940; died 2004)
|Awards||ACE Golden Eddie 1971 |
ACE Career Achievement 1990
Among the films that Williams edited are High Noon (1952), 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1954) and The Vikings (1958). Williams was involved in the production of The Longest Day (1962) and Cleopatra (1963), and he was a producer of the film Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970). Between 1971 and 1974 Williams was the Head of Production for 20th Century Fox.
Williams edited the film Design for Death (1947), which won an Academy Award for Best Documentary Feature. Williams won the Academy Award for Best Film Editing for his work on 1952's High Noon (directed by Fred Zinnemann and co-edited with Harry W. Gerstad, although he was subordinate to Gerstad), and was nominated again for 1954's 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (directed by Richard Fleischer).
High Noon was listed as the 54th best-edited film of all time in a 2012 survey of members of the Motion Picture Editors Guild, and the editing of High Noon is probably Williams' most studied accomplishment. Critic James Berardinelli wrote, "High Noon's tension comes through Kane's desperation, aided in no small part by Elmo Williams' brilliant editing as the clock ticks down to twelve. For a motion picture with so little action, the suspense builds to almost unbearable levels." In his memoir, Williams states that this well-known montage was specifically edited to match the music composed for the scene by Dimitri Tiomkin.
Williams was credited as associate producer and coordinator of battle episodes on The Longest Day (1962). He was also an uncredited second unit director. He later produced another historical World War II film Tora! Tora! Tora! (1970), also for Darryl F. Zanuck.
Williams was elected to membership in the American Cinema Editors (ACE). In 1971, Williams was honored with the ACE "Golden Eddie" award as Filmmaker of the Year. In 1990, Williams received the ACE Career Achievement Award; he was among the first six editors to be honored as such.
Williams was born in Lone Wolf, Oklahoma. In 1940, he married Lorraine Williams, who died in 2004. They adopted two daughters and a son. The couple retired to Brookings, Oregon, on the Oregon Coast in 1983. In December 2008, Williams donated a public chapel to the city in memory of his wife. The chapel is located in Azalea Park in Brookings.
He turned 100 in April 2013.
- Graves, Scott (November 25, 2015). "Brookings' Elmo Williams dies at age 102". Curry Coastal Pilot. Archived from the original on December 16, 2015. Retrieved November 25, 2015.
- Williams, Elmo (2008). "Elmo Williams Bio One". Archived from the original on 2008-12-13.
- Williams, Elmo (2006). Elmo Williams: A Hollywood Memoir. McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-2621-7.
- Williams, Elmo (2008). "Films by Elmo Williams". Archived from the original on 2008-03-10.
- "The 75 Best Edited Films". Editors Guild Magazine. 1 (3). May 2012. Archived from the original on 2015-03-17.
- Berardinelli, James (2003). "High Noon". ReelViews: The Ultimate Guide to the Best 1,000 Modern Movies on DVD and Video. Justin, Charles, & Co. p. 567.
- "American Cinema Editors > Members". Archived from the original on 2008-03-04.
- Tobias, Lori (December 11, 2008). "Film producer gives Brookings a chapel in wife's memory". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
- Schlichting, Bill (2013-05-03). "Elmo turns 100". Curry Coastal Pilot. Western Communications. Archived from the original on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- Barnes, Mike (November 25, 2015). "Elmo Williams, Oscar-Winning Film Editor on 'High Noon,' Dies at 102". The Hollywood Reporter.