Ellingtonia, Vol. One

Ellingtonia, Vol. One is a compilation album of phonograph records assembled by Brunswick Records during the American Federation of Musicians strike, cataloguing the early, experimental Brunswick and Vocalion recordings of Duke Ellington in the middle of the Harlem Renaissance. During the later Swing era, the recordings were praised for accurately predicting the developments in the Big band genre several years in advance.[1]

Ellingtonia, Vol. One
Compilation album by
ReleasedJuly 1943
GenreEarly swing, Ellingtonian jazz
Duke Ellington chronology
A Duke Ellington Panorama
Ellingtonia, Vol. One
Harlem Jazz, 1930


The first in the Brunswick series of reissues after Decca Records purchased their metal master records, the first volume of Ellingtonia was praised in Billboard magazine:

Decca is now developing these old sides in what should eventually prove a goldmine for the waxwork... For a starter, the collectors' series tees off with Ellingtonia (B-1000), a rich assemblage of Duke Ellington sides... from 1927 to 1931, back to the days when the late Bubber Miley's trumpeting made the hot jazz record fans sit up and shout the praises that have carried on thru the years.[2]

The first two discs in the set were straight A-side/B-side reissues of the original recordings: Vocalion 1024 and Brunswick 6038. The new Brunswick reissue labels replaced group names originally accredited instead of or alongside Ellington, such as the/his Kentucky Club Orchestra, Washingtonians, Cotton Club Orchestra, and the used-by-many pseudonym The Jungle Band with simply Duke Ellington and His Orchestra.[3][4]

According to Joel Whitburn, five of the set's eight songs charted when they were first released: "Mood Indigo" peaked at number 3 for one week, "East St. Louis Toodle-Oo" reached number 10, a different version of "Black and Tan Fantasy" hit number 15, "The Mooche" was a number 16 hit and lastly, "Rockin' in Rhythm" briefly appeared at number 19.[5]

Track listing

These previously issued songs, all Ellington compositions, were featured on a 4-disc, 78 rpm album set, Brunswick Album No. B-1000.

Disc 1: (80000)

  1. "East St. Louis Toodle-Oo", recorded March 14, 1927.
  2. "Birmingham Breakdown", recorded February 28, 1927.[6]

Disc 2: (80001)

  1. "Rockin' in Rhythm", recorded January 14, 1931.
  2. "Twelfth Street Rag", recorded January 14, 1931.[6]

Disc 3: (80002)

  1. "Black and Tan Fantasy", recorded April 7, 1927.
  2. "The Mooche", recorded October 17, 1928.[6]

Disc 4: (80003)

  1. "Mood Indigo", recorded October 17, 1930.
  2. "Wall Street Wail", recorded December 10, 1929.[6]


  1. "Biography by William Ruhlmann". Allmusic. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  2. "Popular Albums" (PDF). American Radio History. The Billboard. 3 July 1943. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  3. "Duke Ellington And His Kentucky Club Orchestra – East St. Louis Toodle-O / Birmingham Breakdown". Discogs. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  4. "Duke Ellington And His Orchestra – Ellingtonia Volume 1". Discogs. Retrieved 10 May 2019.
  5. Whitburn, Joel (2015). Pop Memories, The History of American Popular Music 1900-1940.
  6. "Brunswick 80000 Re-Issue series - numerical listing". 78discography.com. The Online Discographical Project. Retrieved 9 May 2019.
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