Ellen Elizabeth King (16 January 1909 – February 1994) was a Scottish competitive swimmer who represented Great Britain twice in the Olympics, and Scotland at the inaugural British Empire Games. King was a versatile swimmer, and competed in various backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle swimming events.
King in 1928
|Full name||Ellen Elizabeth King|
|Born||16 January 1909|
|Died||February 1994 (aged 85)|
|Strokes||Backstroke, breaststroke, freestyle|
|Club||Warrender Baths Club|
As a 15-year-old at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris, although ill, she competed in the semifinals of the 100-metre backstroke and finished with the seventh best time overall. At 15, she was the youngest member of the British team.
Four years later at the 1928 Summer Olympics in Amsterdam, King won two silver medals. She won the first medal as a member of the British women's team in the 4×100-metre freestyle relay, together with her teammates Joyce Cooper, Cissie Stewart and Iris Tanner, coming second behind the American women. In individual competition, she won her second silver in the 100-metre backstroke, finishing second behind Dutch swimmer Marie Braun and ahead of British teammate Joyce Cooper. King had set a new world record in her semifinal heat, only to have it broken by Braun in her own qualifying heat.
At the inaugural 1930 British Empire Games in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, she won a silver medal in the 100-yard freestyle and a bronze medal in the 200-yard breaststroke. As a member of the Scottish relay team with Jean McDowell, Cissie Stewart, and Jessie McVey, she won her second bronze medal in the 4×100-yard freestyle competition.
Ellen King attended James Gillespie's High School, swam for the Warrender Baths Club in Scotland and was a swimming teacher at Edinburgh schools for 40 years until her retirement in 1974. In 2002, she was inducted into the Scottish Sports Hall of Fame.
- Edinburgh's 100 Greatest Archived 2013-12-13 at the Wayback Machine", The Edinburgh Evening News (Undated). Retrieved 11 December 2013.
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- Sports-Reference.com, Olympic Sports, Athletes, Ellen King. Retrieved 24 May 2015.
- "Ellen King (Ellen Pearson) 1909 – 1994", The Gazetteer for Scotland (Undated). Retrieved 11 December 2013.
- Bilsborough, Peter (1968). One Hundred Years of Scottish Swimming. Scottish Amateur Swimming Association. ASIN B000QB8VIG.
- "Wonder of Warrender", The Scotsman (4 February 2006). Retrieved 25 January 2013.
- "Olympic medals are sold", The Herald Scotland (25 August 2001). Retrieved 6 February 2013.
- Scottish Sports Hall of Fame, Inductees, Ellen King Archived 2013-05-13 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 15 February 2013.