Elisabeth of Swabia

Elisabeth of Swabia (renamed Beatrice; March/May 1205 – 5 November 1235[1]), was a German princess member of the House of Hohenstaufen and by marriage Queen consort of Castile and Leon.

Elisabeth of Swabia
Queen consort of Castile
BornMarch or May 1205
Died(1235-11-05)5 November 1235 (aged 30)
SpouseFerdinand III of Castile
FatherPhilip of Swabia
MotherIrene Angelina

Born in Nürnberg, she was the fourth daughter of Philip, Duke of Swabia and King of Germany, and Irene Angelina, daughter of Emperor Isaac II Angelos of the Byzantine Empire.[2]


After the murder of her father Philip (21 June 1208) [2] and the death of her mother Irene after childbirth complications two months later (27 August), she and her sisters were placed under the guardianship of their cousin, Frederick, King of Sicily (later Emperor Frederick II), who arranged the marriage of Elisabeth and King Ferdinand III of Castile.

The marriage ceremony between Elisabeth and Ferdinand III was celebrated on 30 November 1219 in the city of Burgos.[2] In Castile, she assumed the name Beatrice, probably in honour to both her eldest sister the Holy Roman Empress (who had died in 1212) and the youngest one (who died alongside their mother in 1208 during childbirth).

In 1230, after the death of her father-in-law, King Alfonso IX of Leon, she became also the Queen consort of that country, who became definitely united to Castile.

During her marriage, Elisabeth gave birth to ten children:

Queen Beatrice died in Toro on 5 November 1235 aged 30. Her death was probably related to her last childbirth, or even died after giving birth. She was buried in the Royal Monastery of Huelgas de Burgos, next to King Henry I. Later, her son Alfonso X transferred her body to Seville Cathedral in 1279, where that of her husband rested.



  • Arch and Garay, Ricardo (1954). Jerónimo Zurita Institute. National Research Council .. ed. Graves of the royal house of Castile. Madrid.
  • Elorza, Juan C.; Lourdes Vaquero, Belen Castillo, Martha Black (1990). Castilla y Leon. Ministry of Culture and Social Welfare. ed. Pantheon Real de las Huelgas de Burgos. The tombs of the kings of León and Castile (2nd edition). Editorial Evergráficas SA. ISBN 84-241-9999-5 .
  • Gomez Moreno, Manuel . Diego Velazquez Institute. National Research Council .. ed.'s Pantheon Royal Huelgas de Burgos. Madrid.

See also


  1. (ES)Luis Suárez Fernández, Historia de Espana antigua y media, (Ediciones Rialp, S.A., 1976), 29.
  2. (ES)Acercamiento Mutuo de Espana y Alemania, Jaime Ferreiro Alemparte, España y Europa, un pasado jurídico común, ed. Antonio Pérez Martín, (Cometa S.A., 1986), 181.
  3. (ES)Carlos Alvar, Traducciones y traductores: materiales para una historia de la traducción en Castilla durante Edad Media, (Centro en Estudios Cervantinos, 2010), 113.
  4. (ES)Alfonso X en la Europa del siglo XIII, Carlos Estepa Diez, Alfonso X, ed. Miguel Rodríguez Llopis, (Editora Regional de Murcia, 1997), 22.
  5. According to Lucas de Tuy, Chronicon Mundi, Liber IV, p. 112, 115. she was already born (probably in early 1235) when her mother died, and predeceased her for a few days (morte Regina domina Beatrix and ante paucos dias...filia Regis Fernandi et Regine Beatricis Maria puellula).
Elisabeth of Swabia
Born: 1203 Died: 5 November 1235
Preceded by
Mafalda of Portugal
Queen consort of Castile
Succeeded by
Joan of Ponthieu
Preceded by
Berengaria of Castile
Queen consort of León

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