Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel

Landgravine Elisabeth Henriëtte of Hesse-Kassel (18 November 1661 – 7 July 1683) was the daughter of William VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel and Hedwig Sophia of Brandenburg (1623–1683) a sister of Elector Frederick William of Brandenburg.

Elisabeth Henriette of Hesse-Kassel
Electoral Princess of Brandenburg
Hereditary Princess of Prussia
Born(1661-11-18)18 November 1661
Died7 July 1683(1683-07-07) (aged 21)
SpouseFrederick, Electoral Prince of Brandenburg
IssueLuise, Hereditary Princess of Hesse-Kassel
FatherWilliam VI, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
MotherHedwig Sophia of Brandenburg


Landgräfin Hedwig Sophie promoted Elisabeth Henriette's marriage with Frederick, Electoral Prince of Brandenburg, her cousin, on family grounds. This marriage was decided against in favor of Frederick's marriage to a sister of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I. When this plan failed the proposal for him to marry Elisabeth Henriette was revived.

In April 1678 Hedwig Sophie and Elisabeth Henriette travelled to Berlin, but Elisabeth Henriette had to wait a year in the Stadtschloss, Berlin for her marriage, whilst Frederick was away signing the Treaty of Nijmegen. The marriage, however, turned out to be a love match. The young couple lived in Schloss Köpenick and had one child, a daughter called Louise Dorothea (1680–1705).

Elisabeth Henriette died at 21 of smallpox after only 4 years of marriage and was buried in the Berliner Dom.


  1. Princess Luise Dorothea of Prussia (29 September 1680 – 23 December 1705) married Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel, no issue.


Titles and styles

  • 18 November 1661 13 August 1679: Her Serene Highness Landgravine Elisabeth Henriëtte of Hesse-Kassel
  • 13 August 1679 27 June 1683: Her Serene Highness the Electoral Princess of Brandenburg
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