Elgin Gay Baylor (born September 16, 1934) is an American former basketball player, coach, and executive. He played 14 seasons as a small forward in the National Basketball Association (NBA) for the Minneapolis/Los Angeles Lakers, appearing in eight NBA Finals. Baylor was a gifted shooter, strong rebounder, and an accomplished passer. Renowned for his acrobatic maneuvers on the court, Baylor regularly dazzled Lakers fans with his trademark hanging jump shots. The No. 1 draft pick in 1958, NBA Rookie of the Year in 1959, 11-time NBA All-Star, and a 10-time member of the All-NBA first team, he is regarded as one of the game's all-time greatest players. In 1977, Baylor was inducted into the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame.
Early life in Washington, D.C.
Elgin "Rabbit" Baylor had two basketball-playing brothers, Sal and Kermit. After stints at Southwest Boys Club and Brown Jr. High, Baylor was a three-time All-City player in High School. Elgin played his first two years at Phelps Vocational High School in the 1951 and 1952 seasons where he set his first area scoring record of 44 points vs. Cardozo. During his two All-City years at Phelps, he averaged 18.5 and 27.6 points per season. He did not perform well academically and dropped out of school (1952–53) to work in a furniture store and play basketball in the local recreational leagues. Baylor reappeared for the 1954 season playing for the newly-opened Spingarn High School, and the 6 ft 5 in (1.96 m), 190 lb (86 kg) senior was named first-team All-Met and won the SSA's Livingstone Trophy as the area's best basketball player for 1954. He finished with a 36.1 average for his eight Interhigh Division II league games. On February 3, 1954, in a game against his old Phelps team, he scored 31 in the first half. Playing with four fouls the entire second half, Baylor scored 32 more points to establish a new DC-area record with 63 points. This broke the point record of 52 that Western's Jim Wexler had set the year before when he broke Rabbit's record of 44.
An inadequate scholastic record kept him out of college until a friend arranged a scholarship at the College of Idaho, where he was expected to play basketball and football. After one season, the school dismissed the head basketball coach and restricted the scholarships. A Seattle car dealer interested Baylor in Seattle University, and Baylor sat out a year to play for Westside Ford, an AAU team in Seattle, while establishing eligibility at Seattle. The Minneapolis Lakers drafted him in the 14th round of the 1956 NBA Draft, but Baylor opted to stay in school instead.
Baylor led the Seattle University Chieftains (now known as the Redhawks) to the NCAA championship game in 1958, Seattle's only trip to the Final Four, falling to the Kentucky Wildcats. Following his junior season, Baylor was drafted again by the Minneapolis Lakers with the No. 1 pick in the 1958 NBA Draft, and this time he opted to leave school to join them for the 1958–59 NBA season.
Fifty-one years after Baylor left Seattle University, they named its basketball court in honor of him on November 19, 2009. The Redhawks now play on the Elgin Baylor Court in Seattle's KeyArena. The Redhawks also host the annual Elgin Baylor Classic. The College of Idaho has announced that Baylor will be one of the inaugural inductees into the school's Hall of Fame in June 2017.
The Minneapolis Lakers used the No. 1 overall pick in the 1958 NBA draft to select Baylor, then convinced him to skip his senior year at SU and instead join the pro ranks. The team, several years removed from its glory days of George Mikan, was in trouble on the court and at the gate. The year prior to Baylor's arrival, the Lakers finished 19–53 with a squad that was slow, bulky and aging. Baylor, whom the Lakers signed to play for $20,000 per year (equivalent to $170,000 in 2018), was the franchise's last shot at survival.
With his superb athletic talents and all-round game, Baylor was seen as the kind of player who could save a franchise, and he did. According to Minneapolis Lakers owner Bob Short in a 1971 interview with the Los Angeles Times: "If he had turned me down then, I would have been out of business. The club would have gone bankrupt."
Rookie of the Year
As a rookie in 1958–59, Baylor finished second in the league in scoring (24.9 points per game), third in rebounding (15.0 rebounds per game), and eighth in assists (4.1 assists per game). He registered 55 points in a single game, then the third-highest mark in league history behind Joe Fulks' 63 and Mikan's 61. Baylor won the NBA Rookie of the Year Award and led the Lakers from last place the previous year to the NBA finals, where they lost to the Boston Celtics in the first four-game sweep in finals history. Thus began the greatest rivalry in the history of the NBA. During his career, Baylor helped lead the Lakers to the NBA Finals seven more times.
From the 1960–61 to the 1962–63 seasons, Baylor averaged 34.8, 38.3 and 34.0 points per game, respectively. On November 15 of the 1960–61 season, Baylor set a new NBA scoring record when he scored 71 points in a victory against the New York Knicks, while also grabbing 25 rebounds. In doing so, Baylor had broken his own NBA record of 64 points that he had set in the previous season. Baylor, a United States Army Reservist, was called to active duty during the 1961–62 season, and being stationed in Washington, he could play for the Lakers only when on a weekend pass. Despite playing only 48 games during the 1961–62 season, he still managed to score over 1,800 points. Later that season, in a Game Five NBA Finals victory against the Boston Celtics, Baylor grabbed 22 rebounds and set the still-standing NBA record for points in an NBA Finals game with 61.
Baylor began to be hampered by knee problems during the 1963–64 season. The problems culminated in a severe knee injury suffered during the 1965 Western Division playoffs. Baylor, while still a very powerful force, was never quite the same, never again averaging above 30 points per game.
Baylor finally retired nine games into the 1971–72 season because of his nagging knee problems. The timing of his retirement caused him to miss two great achievements—the Lakers' next game after his retirement was the first of an NBA-record 33 consecutive wins, and then the Lakers went on to win the NBA championship that season. The Lakers awarded Baylor a championship ring even though he had not been an active player.
Career achievements and legacy
Baylor was the last of the great undersized forwards in a league where many guards are now his size or bigger. He finished his playing days with 23,149 points, 3,650 assists and 11,463 rebounds over 846 games. His signature running bank shot, which he was able to release quickly and effectively over taller players, led him to numerous NBA scoring records, several of which still stand.
The 71 points Baylor scored on November 15, 1960, was a record at the time. The 61 points he scored in Game 5 of the NBA Finals in 1962 is still an NBA Finals record. An underrated rebounder, Baylor averaged 13.5 rebounds per game during his career, including a remarkable 19.8 rebounds per game during the 1960–61 season—a season average exceeded by only five other players in NBA history, all of whom were 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) or taller.
A 10-time All-NBA First Team selection and 11-time NBA All-Star, Baylor was elected to the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame in 1977. He was named to the NBA 35th Anniversary All-Time Team in 1980 and the NBA 50th Anniversary All-Time Team in 1996. in 2009, SLAM Magazine ranked him number 11 among its Top 50 NBA players of all time. He is often listed as the greatest NBA player never to win a championship.
The first biography of Elgin Baylor was written by SLAM Online contributor Bijan C. Bayne, and published by Rowman and Littlefield.
On April 6, 2018, Baylor appeared at Staples Center as a VIP guest during the Lakers vs. Timberwolves game. A statue was unveiled in his honor prior to the event.
NBA coach and executive
In 1974, Baylor was hired to be an assistant coach and later the head coach for the New Orleans Jazz, but had a lackluster 86–135 record and retired following the 1978–79 season. In 1986, Baylor was hired by the Los Angeles Clippers as the team's vice president of basketball operations. He stayed in that capacity for 22 years before reportedly resigning in October 2008 at the age of 74. During his tenure, the Clippers managed only two winning seasons and amassed a win-loss record of 607 and 1153. They also won only one playoff series during this time.
Baylor was selected as the NBA Executive of the Year in 2006. That year the Clippers won their first playoff series since 1976, when the franchise was located in Buffalo, New York, and named the Buffalo Braves.
In February 2009, Baylor filed an employment discrimination lawsuit against the Clippers, team owner Donald Sterling, team president Andy Roeser, and the NBA. He alleged that he was underpaid during his tenure with the team and then fired because of his age and race. Baylor later dropped the racial discrimination claims in the suit. Baylor's remaining claims were rejected by a Los Angeles state court jury on March 30, 2011, by a unanimous 12–0 vote.
Head coaching record
|Regular season||G||Games coached||W||Games won||L||Games lost||W–L %||Win–loss %|
|Playoffs||PG||Playoff games||PW||Playoff wins||PL||Playoff losses||PW–L %||Playoff win–loss %|
|New Orleans||1976–77||56||21||35||.375||5th in central||–||–||–||–||Missed Playoffs|
|New Orleans||1977–78||82||39||43||.476||5th in central||–||–||–||–||Missed Playoffs|
|New Orleans||1978–79||82||26||56||.317||6th in central||–||–||–||–||Missed Playoffs|
NBA career statistics
|GP||Games played||GS||Games started||MPG||Minutes per game|
|FG%||Field goal percentage||3P%||3-point field goal percentage||FT%||Free throw percentage|
|RPG||Rebounds per game||APG||Assists per game||SPG||Steals per game|
|BPG||Blocks per game||PPG||Points per game||Bold||Career high|
|*||Led the league|
- NBA Rookie of the Year (1959)
- All-NBA First Team 10 times (1959–65, 1967–69)
- Eleven-time NBA All-Star (1959–65, 1967–70)
- NBA All-Star Game Co-MVP (1959)
- Holds NBA Finals single-game record for most points (61) on April 14, 1962 against the Boston Celtics
- Scored 71 points (8th highest in history) against the New York Knicks (November 15, 1960)
- No. 4 all-time with 87 regular season 40-point games
- Scored 23,149 points in only 846 games (27.4 points per game, fourth best all-time) and averaged 30 points or more three times (1961–63)
- Retired as NBA's third all-time leading scorer
- Retired as fifth leading scorer in All-Star Game history (19.8 points per game)
- Ranked sixth in NBA Finals all-time scoring (26.4 in 44 games)
- Ranked seventh in NBA playoffs all-time scoring (27.0 in 134 games)
- NBA 35th Anniversary Team (1980)
- NBA 50th Anniversary Teams (1996)
- NBA Executive of the Year (2006)
|Points||71||at New York Knicks||November 15, 1960|
|Points||64||vs. Boston Celtics||November 8, 1959|
|Points||63 (3 OT)||at Philadelphia Warriors||December 8, 1961|
|Field goal percentage|
|Field goals made||28||at New York Knicks||November 15, 1960|
|Field goals attempted||55 (3 OT)||at Philadelphia Warriors||December 8, 1961|
|Free throws made, none missed||16–16||vs. Syracuse Nationals||November 5, 1960|
|Free throws made, one miss||20–21||at St. Louis Hawks||December 21, 1962|
|Free throws made||20||at St. Louis Hawks||December 21, 1962|
|Free throws attempted||24 (3 OT)||at Philadelphia Warriors||December 8, 1961|
|Rebounds||31||vs. Philadelphia Warriors||November 6, 1958|
|Rebounds||31 (3 OT)||at Philadelphia Warriors||December 8, 1961|
|Rebounds||30||vs. Cincinnati Royals||January 14, 1961|
|Assists||16||vs. Phoenix Suns||February 9, 1969|
|Points||61||at Boston Celtics||April 14, 1962|
|Points||49||vs. Detroit Pistons||March 15, 1961|
|Field goal percentage|
|Field goals made||22||at Boston Celtics||April 14, 1962|
|Field goals attempted||46||at Boston Celtics||April 14, 1962|
|Field goals attempted||45||at St. Louis Hawks||March 27, 1961|
|Free throws made, none missed||15–15||at St. Louis Hawks||March 26, 1960|
|Free throws made||18||at St. Louis Hawks||March 17, 1960|
|Free throws attempted||23||at St. Louis Hawks||March 17, 1960|
|Rebounds||23||vs. Boston Celtics||April 10, 1962|
|Rebounds||23||vs. Boston Celtics||April 17, 1963|
|Rebounds||23||vs. Chicago Bulls||March 24, 1968|
|Assists||12||vs. Atlanta Hawks||April 20, 1969|
|Minutes played||53 (OT)|
- List of National Basketball Association career scoring leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career rebounding leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career free throw scoring leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career playoff scoring leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career playoff rebounding leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career playoff free throw scoring leaders
- List of National Basketball Association players with most points in a game
- List of National Basketball Association players with 50 or more points in a playoff game
- List of NCAA Division I men's basketball season rebounding leaders
- List of NCAA Division I men's basketball career rebounding leaders
- List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 30 or more rebounds in a game
- List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 2000 points and 1000 rebounds
- List of NCAA Division I men's basketball players with 60 or more points in a game
- Ginuwine, born Elgin Baylor Lumpkin
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- Rains, B.J. (June 2, 2017). "NBA Hall of Famer Elgin Baylor returns to Caldwell for induction to College of Idaho Hall of Fame". Idaho Press. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
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- "Top 10 Teams In NBA History: 1971–72 Los Angeles Lakers". nba.com. Archived from the original on August 3, 2013. Retrieved February 3, 2008.
- Dave McKenna (May 30, 2013). "An Unfamiliar Ring". Grantland. Retrieved May 31, 2013.
- "The 10 Greatest NBA Players With No Championship Jewelry". Dimemag.com. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
- Barry Petchesky. "The Greatest NBA Player To Never Win A Title Is Auctioning Off His Championship Ring. (What?)". Deadspin.com. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
- "Wisch: Top 5 Players To Never Win An NBA Title « CBS Chicago". Chicago.cbslocal.com. June 14, 2012. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
- Abrams, Jonathan (March 26, 2009). "Elgin Baylor and His Lawsuit Against the Clippers". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved August 27, 2019.
- Elgin Baylor Sues Los Angeles Clippers for Employment Discrimination ESPN.com, February 11, 2009.
- Lance Pugmire (March 4, 2011). "Elgin Baylor drops racial discrimination claim in suit against L.A. Clippers". Articles.latimes.com. Retrieved March 11, 2017.
- Lance Pugmire, "Elgin Baylor's lawsuit rejected by Los Angeles County jury", Los Angeles Times, March 30, 2011.
- The Official NBA Basketball Encyclopedia. Villard Books. 1994. p. 382. ISBN 0-679-43293-0.