Electronic art is a form of art that makes use of electronic media. More broadly, it refers to technology and/or electronic media. It is related to information art, new media art, video art, digital art, interactive art, internet art, and electronic music. It is considered an outgrowth of conceptual art and systems art.
The term electronic art is almost synonymous to computer art and digital art. The latter two terms, and especially the term computer-generated art are mostly used for visual artworks generated by computers. However, electronic art has a much broader connotation, referring to artworks that include any type of electronic component, such as works in music, dance, architecture and performance. It is an interdisciplinary field and so artists often collaborate with scientists and engineers when creating their works. The art historian of electronic art Edward A. Shanken works to document current and past experimental art with a focus on the intersection of art, science, and technology. Other writers on the topic of electronic art include Frank Popper, Dominique Moulon, Sarah Cook, and Christiane Paul.
Electronic art often features components of interactivity. Artists make use of technologies like the Internet, computer networks, robotics, wearable technology, digital painting, wireless technology and immersive virtual reality. As the technologies used to deliver works of electronic art become obsolete, electronic art faces serious issues around the challenge to preserve artwork beyond the time of its contemporary production. Currently, research projects are underway to improve the preservation and documentation of the fragile electronic arts heritage (see DOCAM - Documentation and Conservation of the Media Arts Heritage).
Art festivals that use the term "electronic art" in their name
- International Symposium for Electronic Art (ISEA), organized annually since 1988, international
- Ars Electronica Symposium, organized yearly since 1979 by Ars Electronica in Linz, Austria
- Dutch Electronic Art Festival (DEAF), organized yearly since 1994 by V2 Institute for the Unstable Media in Rotterdam, the Netherlands
- Electronic Language International Festival (FILE) organized yearly since 2000 in São Paulo, Brazil
- The Prix Ars Electronica, a major yearly award for several categories of electronic art
Electronic art otherwise known as digital art is a practice of using technology to create art work. The basics of Electronic arts consist of using different computer systems to make the artwork come to life. There are various softwares that are essential in the creation of digital art. PhotoShop, the most widely known digital editing software, it is mainly used to edit and alter the image of your choices for your own liking.
Electronic art was founded around the 1950s and the computer played a big influence of electronic art. during this era company's were really experimenting with not only digital art but audio to go along with the art. The earliest form of digital art called the Oscillon 40, created by Ben Laposky, which used electromagnetic waves on a fluorescent screen to create the first-ever electrical works. Around the 1960s computers started to play a big role in electronic arts, even though computers were not as easy to access as they were now computers and digital art went hand in hand. During this time period, you had to hand write your computer programs so this was revolutionary for the creativity of art and computers. The earliest forms of art were mainly black and white geometric shape created by ink plotting by the earliest printer. Hommage à Klee is and example of a piece of artwork that uses the ability to create your own computer program and create a form of digital art. This wasn't anything like the digital art we know today it just consisted of horizontal and vertical lines created by a computer-guided pen and brush. Bell labs was a big influence to creating the earliest computer-generated animation and some of the greatest pioneers all came from this technology and art collaboration.
During the 1980s, digital technology had completely evolved, Apple and Microsoft were born and made computers easy, affordable and portable. This allowed anyone who was interested in creating digital art the ability to freely create. There are a variety of forms of digital art and each of them are unique in their own way, some digital work is used specifically for motion picture as some other forms are used in just digital art work. Digital Photography is the form of taking pictures with a camera and using a special software like PhotoShop, VEGAS Movie Studio, Adobe Photoshop, and more to edit and create whatever the artist desires on the photograph.
Digital Painting is what you most commonly see in video games and television shows. This is where the artist creates a 2d or 3d virtual environment that is completely computer generated and brought to life. This form of digital art mainly uses the computer tool to make complex designs, and perfect geometric shapes that the human hand cannot do normally.
Notable artists working in electronic art include:
- Laurie Anderson
- Roy Ascott
- Maurice Benayoun
- Maurizio Bolognini
- Angie Bonino
- Mez Breeze
- Miguel Chevalier
- Heiko Daxl
- Elizabeth Diller
- David Em
- Ken Feingold
- Ingeborg Fülepp
- Peter Gabriel
- Pietro Grossi
- Genco Gulan
- Garnet Hertz
- Perry Hoberman
- Jodi (art collective)
- Eduardo Kac
- Knowbotic Research
- Marc Lee
- George Legrady
- Golan Levin
- Liu Dao
- Rafael Lozano-Hemmer
- Chico MacMurtrie
- Sergio Maltagliati
- Jennifer & Kevin McCoy
- Yucef Merhi
- Joseph Nechvatal
- Yves Netzhammer
- Graham Nicholls
- Simon Penny
- Melinda Rackham
- Martin Rev
- Ken Rinaldo
- David Rokeby
- Stefan Roloff
- Lillian Schwartz
- Ricardo Scofidio
- Paul Sermon
- Scott Snibbe
- Michael Snow
- Survival Research Laboratories
- Gianni Toti
- Tamás Waliczky
- Norman White
- Algorithm art
- Computer art
- Computer art scene
- Computer graphics
- Computer music
- Cybernetic art
- Digital art
- Digital illustration
- Digital painting
- Digital poetry
- EVA Conferences (Electronic Visualisation and the Arts)
- Evolutionary art
- Fractal art
- Generative art
- Image development
- Interactive art
- Music visualization
- New media art
- Systems art
- Tradigital art
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- Stephen Wilson: extensive list of "information arts" links
- newArteest, list of prominent digital artists
- New Media Art book (wiki edition)