Electronic art

Electronic art is a form of art that makes use of electronic media. More broadly, it refers to technology and/or electronic media. It is related to information art, new media art, video art, digital art, interactive art, internet art, and electronic music. It is considered an outgrowth of conceptual art and systems art.

Background

The term electronic art is almost synonymous to computer art and digital art.[1] The latter two terms, and especially the term computer-generated art are mostly used for visual artworks generated by computers. However, electronic art has a much broader connotation, referring to artworks that include any type of electronic component, such as works in music, dance, architecture and performance.[2] It is an interdisciplinary field and so artists often collaborate with scientists and engineers when creating their works. The art historian of electronic art Edward A. Shanken works to document current and past experimental art with a focus on the intersection of art, science, and technology. Other writers on the topic of electronic art include Frank Popper, Dominique Moulon, Sarah Cook, and Christiane Paul.

Electronic art often features components of interactivity.[3] Artists make use of technologies like the Internet, computer networks, robotics, wearable technology, digital painting, wireless technology and immersive virtual reality. As the technologies used to deliver works of electronic art become obsolete, electronic art faces serious issues around the challenge to preserve artwork beyond the time of its contemporary production. Currently, research projects are underway to improve the preservation and documentation of the fragile electronic arts heritage (see DOCAM - Documentation and Conservation of the Media Arts Heritage).

Art festivals that use the term "electronic art" in their name

History

Electronic art otherwise known as digital art is a practice of using technology to create art work.[4] The basics of Electronic arts consist of using different computer systems to make the artwork come to life.[5] There are various softwares that are essential in the creation of digital art. PhotoShop, the most widely known digital editing software, it is mainly used to edit and alter the image of your choices for your own liking.

Electronic art was founded around the 1950s and the computer played a big influence of electronic art. during this era company's were really experimenting with not only digital art but audio to go along with the art.[6] The earliest form of digital art called the Oscillon 40, created by Ben Laposky, which used electromagnetic waves on a fluorescent screen to create the first-ever electrical works. Around the 1960s computers started to play a big role in electronic arts, even though computers were not as easy to access as they were now computers and digital art went hand in hand. During this time period, you had to hand write your computer programs so this was revolutionary for the creativity of art and computers. The earliest forms of art were mainly black and white geometric shape created by ink plotting by the earliest printer. Hommage à Klee is and example of a piece of artwork that uses the ability to create your own computer program and create a form of digital art. This wasn't anything like the digital art we know today it just consisted of horizontal and vertical lines created by a computer-guided pen and brush. Bell labs was a big influence to creating the earliest computer-generated animation and some of the greatest pioneers all came from this technology and art collaboration.[7]

During the 1980s, digital technology had completely evolved, Apple and Microsoft were born and made computers easy, affordable and portable. This allowed anyone who was interested in creating digital art the ability to freely create. There are a variety of forms of digital art and each of them are unique in their own way, some digital work is used specifically for motion picture as some other forms are used in just digital art work. Digital Photography is the form of taking pictures with a camera and using a special software like PhotoShop, VEGAS Movie Studio, Adobe Photoshop, and more to edit and create whatever the artist desires on the photograph.

Digital Painting is what you most commonly see in video games and television shows. This is where the artist creates a 2d or 3d virtual environment that is completely computer generated and brought to life. This form of digital art mainly uses the computer tool to make complex designs, and perfect geometric shapes that the human hand cannot do normally.

Artists

Notable artists working in electronic art include:

See also

Notes

  1. Paul, Christiane 2006. Digital Art, p. 10. Thames & Hudson.
  2. Paul, Christiane (2006. Digital Art, p. 132 Thames & Hudson.
  3. Paul, Christiane (2006). Digital Art, pp. 8, 11. Thames & Hudson.
  4. "Digital art", Wikipedia, 2019-09-30, retrieved 2019-11-01
  5. "Digital Artist: Employment Info & Requirements". Study.com. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  6. "The Lucas Museum of Narrative Art". www.lucasmuseum.org. Retrieved 2019-11-01.
  7. Victoria and Albert Museum, Online Museum (2011-09-06). "The Pioneers (1950-1970)". www.vam.ac.uk. Retrieved 2019-11-01.

References

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