Eleanor of England, Countess of Bar

Eleanor of England (18 June 1269 – 29 August 1298) was an English princess, the eldest surviving daughter of King Edward I of England[1] and his first wife, Queen Eleanor of Castile.[2]

Depiction of princess Eleanor on the family tree
Countess of Bar
Tenure1293 – 12 October 1298
Born18 June 1269
Windsor Castle, Windsor, Berkshire
Died29 August 1298 (aged 29)
Ghent, County of Flanders
Burial12 October 1298
IssueEdward I, Count of Bar
Joan of Bar, Countess of Surrey
FatherEdward I of England
MotherEleanor of Castile

What evidence exists for Eleanor's early years suggests that while her parents were absent on Crusade between 1270 and 1274, she became very close to her paternal grandmother, Eleanor of Provence, with whom she continued to spend a good deal of time. She was also close to her sickly brother Henry. On one Pentecost Eve, Henry and Eleanor were given two partridges for their dinner, for a special treat.[3]

For a long period Eleanor was betrothed to King Alfonso III of Aragon.[4] Alfonso's parents were under papal interdict, however, because of their claims to the throne of Sicily, which were contrary to the papal donation of the Sicilian throne to Charles I of Naples, and despite the Aragonese ruler's repeated pleas that Edward I send his daughter to them for marriage, Edward refused to send her as long as the interdict remained in place. In 1282 he declined one such request by saying that his wife and mother felt the girl, who had just turned 13, was too young to be married, and that they wanted to wait another two years before sending her to Aragon. Alfonso died before the marriage could take place.

Eleanor subsequently married the French nobleman, Henry III, Count of Bar on September 20, 1293,[5] and had two children:

According to Kenneth Panton, Eleanor is credited with a daughter called Eleanor (b.1285), who supposedly married a Welshman named Llywelyn ap Owain.[6]

She died at Ghent on 29 August 1298. Eleanor was buried in Westminster Abbey but the location of her grave in the Abbey is unknown.[7]

Family tree


  1. Burke's Guide to the Royal Family, London, 1973, 197 & John Carmi Parsons
  2. genealogics.org Family of Eleanor of England
  3. Siblings of Edward II
  4. Balaguer, Víctor. Historia de Cataluña y de la Corona de Aragón. Barcelona, 1860, p. 698.
  5. Michael Prestwich, Edward I, (Yale University Press, 1997), 389.
  6. Kenneth Panton, Historical Dictionary of the British Monarchy, (Scarecrow Press, 2011), 173.
  7. https://www.westminster-abbey.org/abbey-commemorations/commemorations/eleanor-countess-of-bar
  8. Selby, Walford Dakin; Harwood, H. W. Forsyth; Murray, Keith W. (1895). The genealogist. London: George Bell & Sons. pp. 30–31.
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