Elbe-Elster

Elbe-Elster is a Kreis (district) in the southern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Teltow-Fläming, Dahme-Spreewald, Oberspreewald-Lausitz, Meißen, Nordsachsen and Wittenberg. The district has a partnership with the Märkischer Kreis.

Elbe-Elster
CountryGermany
StateBrandenburg
CapitalHerzberg
Area
  Total1,889.4 km2 (729.5 sq mi)
Population
 (31 December 2018)[1]
  Total102,638
  Density54/km2 (140/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Vehicle registrationEE, FI, LIB
Websitelandkreis-elbe-elster.de

History

The district was established in 1993 by merging the former districts (Kreise) of Finsterwalde, Bad Liebenwerda and Herzberg.

Geography

The district is named after two rivers - the Elbe river forms the western border with Saxony, the Black Elster (Schwarze Elster) is a tributary of the Elbe and runs through the district. The district is part of the Lusatia region. The fens along the Black Elster are a habitat of several rare animals, like kingfishers, beavers and otters.

Demography

Landkreis Elbe-Elster: Population development
within the current boundaries (2017)[2]
YearPop.±% p.a.
1875 89,046    
1890 95,414+0.46%
1910 116,632+1.01%
1925 124,457+0.43%
1933 129,274+0.48%
1939 135,724+0.81%
1946 175,945+3.78%
1950 174,612−0.19%
1964 156,012−0.80%
1971 156,734+0.07%
1981 149,216−0.49%
1985 147,731−0.25%
1989 144,932−0.48%
1990 142,679−1.55%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1991 139,850−1.98%
1992 139,065−0.56%
1993 139,058−0.01%
1994 137,947−0.80%
1995 136,889−0.77%
1996 136,286−0.44%
1997 135,624−0.49%
1998 134,684−0.69%
1999 132,873−1.34%
2000 131,161−1.29%
2001 129,066−1.60%
2002 127,159−1.48%
2003 125,526−1.28%
2004 124,041−1.18%
YearPop.±% p.a.
2005 122,031−1.62%
2006 119,773−1.85%
2007 117,522−1.88%
2008 115,560−1.67%
2009 113,586−1.71%
2010 111,975−1.42%
2011 109,087−2.58%
2012 107,649−1.32%
2013 106,157−1.39%
2014 104,997−1.09%
2015 104,673−0.31%
2016 104,397−0.26%
2017 103,455−0.90%
2018 102,638−0.79%

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted in 1995. The lion in the bottom left derives from the county of Meissen (see Saxony), to which the southern area of the district belonged historically. The black bars derive from the Saxony-Wittenberg county as the area around Bad Liebenwerda belonged there in the past. The red bars derive from the oldest coat of arms of Brandenburg, and the bull is the symbol for the Lower Lusatia area were the district is located.

Towns and municipalities

Amt-free towns Ämter
  1. Bad Liebenwerda
  2. Doberlug-Kirchhain
  3. Elsterwerda
  4. Falkenberg/Elster
  5. Finsterwalde
  6. Herzberg (Elster)
  7. Mühlberg
  8. Schönewalde
  9. Sonnewalde
  10. Uebigau-Wahrenbrück


Amt-free municipality

  1. Röderland

1. Elsterland

  1. Heideland
  2. Rückersdorf
  3. Schilda
  4. Schönborn1
  5. Tröbitz

2. Kleine Elster (Niederlausitz)

  1. Crinitz
  2. Lichterfeld-Schacksdorf
  3. Massen-Niederlausitz1
  4. Sallgast

3. Plessa

  1. Gorden-Staupitz
  2. Hohenleipisch
  3. Plessa1
  4. Schraden

4. Schlieben

  1. Fichtwald
  2. Hohenbucko
  3. Kremitzaue
  4. Lebusa
  5. Schlieben1, 2

5. Schradenland

  1. Gröden1
  2. Großthiemig
  3. Hirschfeld
  4. Merzdorf
1seat of the Amt; 2town

References

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