Eisenkappel-Vellach

Eisenkappel-Vellach (Slovene: Železna Kapla-Bela) is a market town in the Völkermarkt District in the Austrian state of Carinthia. The spa town is the southernmost municipality of Austria, close to the border with Slovenia.

Eisenkappel-Vellach

Železna Kapla - Bela
Eisenkappel, main square

Coat of arms
Eisenkappel-Vellach
Location within Austria
Coordinates: 46°29′11″N 14°35′46″E
CountryAustria
StateCarinthia
DistrictVölkermarkt
Government
  MayorFranz Josef Smrtnik (EL)
Area
  Total199.13 km2 (76.88 sq mi)
Elevation
555 m (1,821 ft)
Population
 (2018-01-01)[2]
  Total2,306
  Density12/km2 (30/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
9135
Area code04238
Websitewww.eisenkappel.at
This article is about the Carinthian market town of Eisenkappel-Vellach. For the town of Eisenkappel, see also Bad Eisenkappel.

Geography

The municipal area covers the valley of the Vellach creek, which runs in north-south direction from the heights of the Kamnik-Savinja Alps and the Karavanke range down to the Drava River. The Obir massif in the west contains a large dripstone cave system. Two mountain pass roads lead to Slovenia: the Seebergsattel in the southwest connecting it with Jezersko and the less frequented Pavlič Pass in the southeast on the road to Solčava.

Eisenkappel-Vellach consists of the main locality Bad Eisenkappel and several smaller settlements located in lateral valleys, [3][4][5] subdivided into the Katastralgemeinden of Bad Vellach (Bela), Blasnitzen (Spodnja Plaznica), Ebriach (Obirsko), Eisenkappel (Železna Kapla), Koprein Petzen (Pod Peco), Koprein Sonnseite (Koprivna), Leppen (Lepena), Lobnig (Lobnik), Rechberg (Reberca), Remschenig (Remšenik) and Trögern (Korte).

According to the 2001 census, 38% of the population are Carinthian Slovenes, distributed over the 15 localities as follows:

Village (German)Village (Slovenian) Number of people 1991 Percent of Slovenes 1991 Percent of Slovenes 1951
BlasnitzenZaplaznica 69 31.9% 28.1%
EbriachObirsko 432 65.7% 80.2%
Koprein PetzenPod Peco 10 100% 92.3%
Koprein SonnseiteKoprivna 48 89.6% 100%
LeppenLepena 214 68.7% 98.2%
LobnigLobnik 139 82.0% 91.3%
RechbergReberca 196 13.3% 46.0%
ReplachReplje 67 56.8% 81.7%
RemschenigRemšenik 93 69.9% 95.1%
TrögernKorte 36 86.1% 98.3%
UnterortPodkraj 61 4.9% 31.4%
VellachBela 339 52.5% 68.6%
WeissenbachBela 7 42.9% 55.5%
ZauchenSuha 136 19.1% 52.8%
Bad EisenkappelŽelezna Kapla 1013 23.6% 80.2%

History

The Seeberg Pass was already part of a Roman road in the Noricum province from 15 BC onwards. A Capella settlement in the Duchy of Carinthia, named after a chapel (German: Kapelle, Slovene: Kapela) held by the Bishop of Brixen, was first mentioned about 1050. The market was probably established in the early 13th century under the rule of Duke Bernhard von Spanheim. Market rights were officially confirmed in a 1267/68 deed, when the Seebergsattel was an important trade route for salt and iron ore (German: Eisen). From the 15th century onwards, the valley was the site of several ironworks. Fortifications were built against the invasions by the Ottoman forces, nevertheless Kappel was devastated in 1473. Emperor Frederick III had the town rebuilt and granted it the present-day coat of arms in 1493.

The Kappel municipality was established in 1850, it was renamed Eisenkappel in 1890, while the iron industries declined. The Eisenkappel citizens had to rely on forestry and summer tourism around several mineral springs, promoted by the opening of the Vellachtalbahn narrow gauge railway line in 1902. Eisenkappel and Vellach finally merged in 1939. In the late days of World War II the remote Peršman farm in Koprein Petzen was a strongpoint of the Slovene Partisans, the only ever-existing Anti-Nazi military resistance of Austria. On 25 April 1945, a Nazi SS unit stormed the building killing eleven residents, among them seven children.

Politics

Seats in the municipal Gemeinderat assembly as of March 2019 :

Since March 2009, Eisenkappel-Vellach has been run by a Carinthian Slovene mayor, Franc Jožef Smrtnik. It is currently the only municipality in Carinthia with a mayor of the Slovene minority party Enotna Lista.[6]

References

  1. "Dauersiedlungsraum der Gemeinden Politischen Bezirke und Bundesländer - Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  2. "Einwohnerzahl 1.1.2018 nach Gemeinden mit Status, Gebietsstand 1.1.2018". Statistics Austria. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  3. euborder.soton.ac.uk Archived 2005-05-16 at the Wayback Machine
  4. Encyclopedia of Austria
  5. Map Archived 2005-02-19 at the Wayback Machine
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-06. Retrieved 2009-09-04.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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