Edward Small

Edward Small (born Edward Schmalheiser, February 1, 1891, Brooklyn, New York – January 25, 1977, Los Angeles, California) was a film producer from the late 1920s through 1970, who was enormously prolific over a 50-year career. He is best known for the movies The Count of Monte Cristo (1934), The Man in the Iron Mask (1939), The Corsican Brothers (1941), Brewster's Millions (1945), Raw Deal (1948), Black Magic (1949), Witness for the Prosecution (1957) and Solomon and Sheba (1959).

For the Gambian politician, see Edward Francis Small.


Small was the son of Jewish Austrian-born Philip Schmalheiser and Prussian-born Rose Lewin, and had three sisters and two brothers.[1] He began his career as a talent agent in New York City. In 1917, he moved his agency to Los Angeles. Among his acting clients was a young Hedda Hopper.[2] His first production appears to have been the wartime propaganda film, Who's Your Neighbor? (1917).

In the 1920s the Edward Small Company produced stage sketches.[3] He helped William Goetz get his start in the industry by recommending him for a job at Corinne Griffith.[4]

Asher Small Rogers

Small began producing films in the 1920s, when it became his full-time occupation. He formed the firm Asher, Small and Rogers, where he was a partner with Charles Rogers and E.M Asher.[5][6] Their early films were all based on plays: The Sporting Lover (1926), The Cohens and Kellys (1926) (which led to a lawsuit with the author of Abie's Irish Rose), The Gorilla (1927), McFadden's Flats (1927), and Ladies' Night in a Turkish Bath (1928).

Of these Cohens and Kellys was particularly popular, leading to a number of sequels starting with The Cohens and the Kellys in Paris (1928), My Man (1928) with Fanny Brice, and Companionate Marriage (1929).

Except for The Gorilla all these early films were comedies. In 1926 Small said, "Making a comedy requires far more care than is necessary for any other form of screen production because audiences are more exacting than in any other form of entertainment."[7]

"Picture making is a youngster's game," he added the same year. "When a man gets older he doesn't want to take a chance to try something new. And this business moves so fast that if you don't change your methods with every picture you're out of luck. In a few years I won't have a thing to do with the creative. Afraid, I'll hire young men with plenty of nerve to handle that for me."[8]

In early 1928 Asher Small Rogers dissolved. However they then re-teamed and started producing films;[9] towards the end of the year they invested in a studio complex in Sherman Oaks.[10]

Small then worked for a time at Columbia Pictures, making Song of Love (1929) with Belle Baker. For his own company he made Clancy in Wall Street (1930) starring Cohens and Kellys star Charles Murray.

Small sent an expedition to the Arctic and they made the documentary Igloo (1932).

Reliance Pictures and United Artists

In 1932, Small formed Reliance Pictures together with partner Harry M. Goetz. The new company was to be made with finance from Art Cinema, a subsidiary company of United Artists, in a deal brokered by Joseph Schenck. On the basis of this verbal commitment, Small and Goetz started pre production on three films. However, when Schenck presented the deal to Art Cinema's board, it was turned down. An embarrassed Schenck decided personally put up half the cost of the three films, with the other half met by Small and Goetz.

The films were I Cover the Waterfront (1933), a crime drama based on a book with Claudette Colbert; Palooka (1934), a comedy based on the comic Joe Palooka with Jimmy Durante; and The Count of Monte Cristo (1934), a swashbuckler based on the famous Dumas novel starring Robert Donat and the first screen credit for Philip Dunne. Of the three Monte Cristo was an especially big hit and Small would go on to produce a number of swashbucklers.[11]

William Phipps then stepped in to provide financing in Schenck's place and Reliance made five more movies for United Artists over two years: Transatlantic Merry-Go-Round (1934), a musical comedy; Let 'Em Have It (1935); a gangster movie; Red Salute (1935), a screwball comedy with an anti-Communist slant starring Barbara Stanwyck and Robert Young; The Melody Lingers On (1935), a melodrama; and Last of the Mohicans (1936), based on the classic novel, starring Randolph Scott and co-written by Dunne. The latter was a big hit.

In 1935 Small announced plans to make a series of 4,000 feet films (i.e. short features) based on short stories and novelettes as an alternative to the double bill[12] but this did not seem to come to fruition.


After making The Last of the Mohicans, Small left United Artists and established himself as an associate producer at RKO in January 1936;[13] the studio bought out Reliance.[14][15]

Small said he was motivated to do this move in order to make larger budgeted movies, including Robber Barons (which became The Toast of New York), Son of Monte Cristo, Gunga Din and a series of Jack Oakie comedies. Small:

I intend to produce a different type of historical productions. There will be less of the awesomeness and less of the blind respect that has often marked the modern's approach to a historical character. Diamond Jim and The Story of Louis Pasteur are only the beginning. Napoleon, Marie Antoinette, and Mary of Scotland, contemplated, will be great steps in the direction of honesty. We have on our schedules the filming of the stories of Beau Brummell and Jim Fisk and we are contemplating a minimum of punch-pulling. Newsreels are telling the truth about people, showing them as they are. Feature pictures are going to do the same thing; they will make men and women out of celebrities.[16]

Small's time at RKO resulted in six pictures: The Bride Walks Out (1936), a romantic comedy with Stanwyck and Young from Red Channels; We Who Are About to Die (1937), based on a true story about a man unjustly sent to prison; Sea Devils (1937), a military drama with Victor McLaglen; New Faces of 1937 (1937), a musical revue designed to introduce new talent such as Milton Berle; Super-Sleuth (1937) with Jack Oakie; and The Toast of New York (1937), a biopic of James Fisk starring Edward Arnold, Cary Grant and Frances Farmer.

Some of these performed well, notably Te Bride Walks Out but others were less successful, particularly New Faces of 1937 and the expensive The Toast of New York, which was RKO's biggest money losing picture of 1937.[17]

However Small did sell the studio his rights to Gunga Din which he had purchased from the Rudyard Kipling estate in 1936 and became a big hit later on. (He made Son of Cristo later at United Artists and never produced a Beau Brummel film.) Small departed from RKO in 1938.[18]

Edward Small Productions

In January 1938 Small returned to United Artists with his own unit, Edward Small Productions, under a three-year deal to make six films a year.[19][20]

The following year he announced plans to make seven films worth $5 million over the next 12 months.[21] Plans for some of these were delayed due to war[22] but he made most of them, starting with The Duke of West Point (1938), which starred Louis Hayward who Small put under a long term contract.

This was followed by King of the Turf (1939), a horse racing film with Adolphe Menjou. Small returned to swashbucklers with another adaptation of a Dumas novel, The Man in the Iron Mask (1939), starring Hayward; this was one of Small's most popular films.

Small bought the Howard Spring novel My Son, My Son! to turn into a film with Hayward. He also put Heyward into another swashbuckler, The Son of Monte Cristo (1940), a sequel to his 1934 hit, co-starring Joan Bennett.

Small borrowed Jon Hall to star in two films: South of Pago Pago (1940), a South Sea island movie, with Victor McLaglen and Frances Farmer, and Kit Carson (1940), a Western.

In 1940 Small stopped making movies for six months as he renegotiated his deal with United Artists. He spoke out against rising costs and the impact of the double bill on filmmakers.[23]

He recommenced production in early 1941 with another popular swashbuckler, an adaptation of The Corsican Brothers, starring Douglas Fairbanks Jr.[24] He made five more movies for United Artists - International Lady (1941), a war time spy movie with George Brent; A Gentleman After Dark (1942), a crime drama with Brian Donlevy; Twin Beds (1942), a comedy based on an often-filmed stage play with Brent and Bennett; Friendly Enemies (1942), a wartime drama; and Miss Annie Rooney (1942), a film notable for featuring the first screen kiss of Shirley Temple but a big flop.

In March 1942 Small threatened to strike again due to unhappiness with his deal.[25]

Allan Dwan Farces

Small and United Artists managed to come to terms and he produced a fresh series, including a series of farces directed by Allan Dwan and starring Dennis O'Keefe: Up in Mabel's Room (1944), based on a stage farce; Abroad with Two Yanks (1944), a wartime story set in Australia with William Bendix; Brewster's Millions (1945), based on the often-filmed novel; and Getting Gertie's Garter (1945), based on the stage play.

In June 1945 he announced a plan to make ten films worth $10 million but he could not come to terms with United Artists and ended up leaving the studio that year.[26]

In 1942 Small invested in the play Sweet Charity.[27] In 1944 Binnie Barnes sued Edward Small Productions claiming they had breached a promise to build her up into a star.[28]

Columbia and Eagle Lion

Edward Small made his next film for Universal International, Temptation (1946), starring Merle Oberon and George Brent.

He also produced The Return of Monte Cristo for Columbia, with Hayward; then in mid-1946 signed another deal with United Artists.[29][30] For them he made Black Magic (1949) with Orson Welles, shot in Rome.

In the late 1940s Small moved over to Eagle Lion where he made the popular film noirs T-Men (1947), and Raw Deal (1948), both starring Dennis O'Keefe and directed by Anthony Mann.

For a time there was talk Small would take over Eagle Lion. However Small fell out with the young studio over billing on T Men and withdrew from his planned participation in the film Twelve Against the Underworld.[31][32] He later argued that the company could not guarantee funding for a three-year schedule.[33]

In 1948 Small said he had personally made $2 million in profit from ten films over the past 18 months.[34] He was making 16 films worth $8.5 million.[35] However he was not optimistic about the future of independent film production, saying that filmmakers needed to look internationally.[36]

He made a series of films for Columbia: The Black Arrow (1948), a swashbuckler based on a classic Robert Louis Stevenson novel with Hayward; The Fuller Brush Man (1948), a comedy with Red Skelton who Small borrowed from MGM; Walk a Crooked Mile (1948), a crime noir with O'Keefe and Hayward.

Columbia Pictures

In 1949 Small signed a two-year contract with Columbia Pictures, which specifically excluded Small's long-gestating film about Rudolph Valentino, Valentino.[37] He ended up making eleven films for the studio over seven years where Columbia allowed him profit sharing after Columbia made up their investment in the film.[38]

In 1950 Small returned to United Artists to make two Westerns with actor George Montgomery, Davy Crockett, Indian Scout (1950), using footage from Kit Carson, and The Iroquois Trail (1950), based on the novel Last of the Mohicans.

Valentino (1951), which Small had developed since 1938, was released through Columbia. Starring Anthony Dexter, it was a box office flop.

His other Columbia films included Lorna Doone (1951), another swashbuckler based on a classic novel, directed by Phil Karlson and starring Richard Greene. He made some Westerns with George Montgomery, The Texas Rangers (1951), Indian Uprising (1951) and Cripple Creek (1952).

Small also produced two films directed by Karlson: Scandal Sheet (1952) from a novel by Sam Fuller; and The Brigand (1952), a swashbuckler starring Valentinos Anthony Dexter.

Bernard Small and Reliance

In 1947, Reliance Pictures, headed by Small's son Bernard and Ben Pivar, signed an agreement with 20th Century Fox to release six films starting with Strange Penalty, based on the story Lady from Shanghai, starring Alan Curtis and directed by Jean Yarbrough.[39] They later made The Creeper (1948),[40] two Bulldog Drummonds and The Indian Scout.[41] They also developed a series of action films based on Leatherstocking Tales[42] plus the films The Challenge, 13 Lead Soldiers, Santa Fe Uprising, Killers of the Sea, and The Cat Man.[43][44]

Return to United Artists

In 1951 Small helped fund Arthur Krim and Bob Benjamin acquire 50% of UA. He then signed a contract to make thirteen more movies for that company, ten within the first year, starting with Kansas City Confidential.[45] This deal ultimately resulted in over seventy films over the next ten years. During this time he would occasionally make movies for other studios as well but United Artists were his main distributor.[46] David Picker, head of the production for UA, later wrote that "I counted 76 films that Eddie made for the company simply because he was there to start it all. Now that's loyalty."[47]

Most of Small's UA movies were budgeted between $100,000 and $300,000, and were not expected to make large profits on theatrical release but stood to earn considerable money being sold to television. They were usually shot within seven to nine days and went for around seventy minutes, starring lesser ranked names who were paid around $25,000. The majority were Westerns and crime melodramas (in contrast with his Columbia Films, which were mostly swashbucklers); towards the end of the 1950s he also increasingly made films aimed at the teenage market. The rise in television saw the market for these films die out in the early 1960s.[48]

In order to supply his product Small operated a number of companies during this period: Fame Productions, Theme Pictures, Motion Picture Investors, Associated Players & Producers, Superior Pictures Inc., Eclipse Productions, Imperial Pictures, Global Productions, and World Films.

He would assign his films to other producers such as Aubrey Wisberg; in 1953 he had a six-picture deal with the team of Clarence Greene and Russell Rouse[49] which later became a 12-picture deal.[50] His most prolific producer was Robert E. Kent for such companies as Peerless and Vogue.[51]

His UA films included Kansas City Confidential (1952), a noir starring John Payne and directed by Karlson which proved popular and led to a series of films with Confidential in the title.[52]

Small remade The Corsican Brothers as The Bandits of Corsica (1952), with Richard Greene, and helped finance two swashbucklers with Dexter, Captain John Smith and Pocahontas (1953) and Captain Kidd and the Slave Girl (1954). He also helped make Dragon's Gold (1953) and The Neanderthal Man (1953).

Small made Westerns with Montgomery, Gun Belt (1953), with Tab Hunter, The Lone Gun (1954), Gun Duel in Durango (1956) and Toughest Gun in Tombstone (1958). He also did Westerns with Jock Mahoney (Overland Pacific (1954)), Rod Cameron (Southwest Passage (1954)), Sterling Hayden (Top Gun (1955), The Iron Sheriff (1957)), and Buster Crabbe (Gun Brothers (1956), Gunfighters of Abilene (1960)), Jim Davis (Noose for a Gunman (1960), Frontier Uprising (1961), The Gambler Wore a Gun (1961)), Bill Williams (Oklahoma Territory (1960)) and James Brown (Five Guns to Tombstone (1960), Gun Fight (1961), Gun Street (1962)). He made a children's Western, A Dog's Best Friend (1960).

Small was reunited with Karlson and Payne for 99 River Street (1953) and he put Payne in a swashbuckler, Raiders of the Seven Seas (1953).

Small helped finance some war films, Sabre Jet (1954) and The Steel Lady (1954) (with Hunter), and the noir Wicked Woman (1953). He did Khyber Patrol (1954) with Richard Egan and Return to Treasure Island (1954) with Hunter.

He made some noirs with Broderick Crawford, Down Three Dark Streets (1954) and New York Confidential (1955), and did a noir with Farley Granger, The Naked Street (1955). His other crime films included Chicago Confidential (1957), 5 Steps to Danger (1957), Hong Kong Confidential (1958), Guns Girls and Gangsters (1959), Inside the Mafia (1959), Pier 5, Havana (1959), Riot in Juvenile Prison (1960), Vice Raid (1960), Cage of Evil (1960), The Music Box Kid (1960), Three Came to Kill (1960), The Walking Target (1960), Boy Who Caught a Crook (1961), and The Cat Burglar (1961), The Police Dog Story (1961), Secret of Deep Harbor (1961, a remake of I Cover the Waterfront), When the Clock Strikes (1961), You Have to Run Fast (1961), Deadly Duo (1962), Incident in an Alley (1962)

Small also financed some science fiction and horror films: UFO (1956), Curse of the Faceless Man (1957), It! The Terror from Beyond Space (1958), The Four Skulls of Jonathan Drake (1959), Invisible Invaders (1959), The Flight That Disappeared (1960).

He made some war films: Timbuktu (1959), a tale of the Foreign Legion that he took his name off and Operation Bottleneck (1961).

Small also made some movies for younger children: Beauty and the Beast (1962), The Clown and the Kid (1961), and Jack the Giant Killer (1962), and a drama, Saintly Sinners (1962).

In 1964 Small provided funding for and was a silent partner in Grant Whytock's Admiral Pictures that produced Audie Murphy westerns for Columbia[53]. Whytock had a long career editing many of Small's films and being credited as a producer or associate producer on several of them.

Larger Budgeted Films

Small occasionally made large budgeted films, usually in partnership with other producers. These included Monkey on My Back (1957) a biopic about Barney Ross that ran into censorship trouble.

Notably there was also Witness for the Prosecution (1957) directed by Billy Wilder;[54] Solomon and Sheba(1959) originally with Tyrone Power who died during filming.


In 1950 Small sold a package of 26 films he produced to show on American television through his Peerless Television Productions.[55]

In 1953 he bought 50% of Arrow Productions.[56]

Small later served as chairman of the board of the TV distribution company Television Programs of America whose shows include Private Secretary, Fury, 'Captain Gallant of the Foreign Legion, Hawkeye and the Last of the Mohicans, Halls of Ivy and 'Ramar of the Jungle. In 1957 he sold his interest in the company for $1.5 million.[57]

British Productions

In the late 1950s and early 1960s Small made a number of films in the UK. He made several low-budget comedies and horror films, including several directed by Sidney J. Furie: Doctor Blood's Coffin (1961), The Snake Woman (1961) and Three on a Spree (1961, a remake of Brewster's Millions). He also produced a comedy, Mary Had a Little... (1961).

More prestigious was The Greengage Summer (1962) for Lewis Gilbert. Small did three horror films with Vincent Price, Tower of London (1962) with Roger Corman; Diary of a Madman (1963); and Twice-Told Tales (1963).

Later career

In the mid to late 1960s Small cut back on his output and concentrated on making comedies with Bob Hope, such as I'll Take Sweden (1965) and Boy, Did I Get a Wrong Number! (1966). He made Frankie and Johnny(1966) with Elvis Presley and the comedy The Wicked Dreams of Paula Schultz (1968) with Elke Sommer.

The File of the Golden Goose (1968) was a thriller, a remake of T-Men.

In 1970 Small announced he had two television series and four films ready for production but only one was made, The Christine Jorgensen Story (1970), which was Small's final movie.[58]

In 1973 director Phil Karlson, who made eight films for Small, called him "probably, in his field - and he made some very good films - the most successful producer in our entire industry. Financially, no doubt about it.The man is a multi-millionaire."[59]

He has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for his television work located at 1501 Vine Street.[60] His mausoleum is at Hollywood Forever Cemetery in Los Angeles.[61]

Select Filmography

  • ASR = Asher Small Rogers
  • C = Columbia
  • CP = Caralan Productions
  • ES = Edward Small Productions
  • FN = First National
  • HF = Harvard Film Corporation
  • R = Reliance
  • UA = United Artists
  • Z = Zenith Pictures

Unmade Films

  • The Painted Face by Bayard Veiller (1928)[9]
  • The Broadway Melody (1929)[63]
  • first talking movie for Nazimova (1929)[64]
  • Sojourn (1930)[65]
  • The Cradle of Jazz (1929) directed by Ted Wilde[66] – stopped by Wilde's death from an old war wound in 1929 while directing a play for Small[67]
  • sequel to McFadden's Flats (1929)[68]
  • Mayor Harding of New York (1932) – abandoned after protests[69]
  • Style (1932) from a story by Adela Harland set in the fashion industry to star Lilyan Tashman[70][71]
  • If Christ Came to Chicago (1933)[71]
  • Mr Helen Green (1933)[71]
  • untitled film with Lawrence Tibbett[72] – cancelled because Tibbett insisted on story and cast approval[73]
  • Beau Brummell (1934) with Robert Donat[74]
  • Lusitania (1935)[75]
  • Amateur Girl (1935) with Constance Cummings and Robert Young[76]
  • David Garrick (1935)[77]
  • The Mark of Zorro (1935)[12] – later (1953) with Anthony Dexter[78]
  • Yosesmite (1935) – Western from script by Philip Dunne[79]
  • Robin Hood (1935) with Robert Donat[76]
  • adaptation of The Beggar's Opera (1935)[80]
  • Clementina (1936)[81]
  • The Lost World, Two Orphans and College Carnival (1938) – for United Artists[20]
  • Beach Boy (1938) with Jon Hall[82][83]
  • The Maginot Line (1938) with Louis Hayward[84]
  • The Legend of Sleepy Hollow (1939)[85]
  • adaptation of Food of the Gods (1939)[86]
  • Quantrill the Radier (1939)[86]
  • By Any Other Name (1939) – play by Warren Musell about Edward de Vere, the Earl of Oxford[87]
  • Christopher Columbus (1940–46)[88][89]
  • Attack (1940) from a script by George Bruce about war maneuvers[90]
  • Le Grande Homme' (1940) starring Jack Oakie by David Dousseau[91]
  • Heels to the Sky (1941) – a story of an American in the RAF[92]
  • My Official Wife by Ernest Vajda, Sabotage, She Was a Working Girl (1941)[24]
  • The Docks of New York (1941)[93]
  • Winter Soldiers (1942)[94]
  • Clementina by A.E.W. Mason (1942)[95]
  • When Knighthood Was in Flower (1942)
  • But Is It Love (1942) with Carole Lombard[96]
  • The Raft (1943) with William Bendix[97]
  • The Guy from Mike's Place (1943)[98]
  • The Notorious Nancy Gray (1943)[99]
  • Big Time (1943) with Ed Wynn[97]
  • remake of Two Arabian Knights (1944) with Dennis O'Keefe and William Bendix[100]
  • remake of Are You a Mason? (1944)[101]
  • When the Cat's Away (1944)[102]
  • Two Yanks in Paris (1945) – sequel to Abroad with Two Yanks[103]
  • A Time to be Born (1945) from book by Dawn Powell[26]
  • Lucretia Borgia (1945)[26]
  • D'Artagnan (1945)[26]
  • adaptation of The Scarlet Letter (1946)[104]
  • Kate Fennigate (1946) from novel by Booth Tarkington[105]
  • The O'Flynn (1946)[106]
  • The Treasure of Monte Cristo (1948)[107]
  • Twelve Against the Underworld (1948) for Eagle Lion[31]
  • Crime on the Waterfront (1948) based on a series of newspaper articles[33]
  • The Los Angeles Story (1948) based on a script by Philip Yordan[33]
  • remake of The Sheik (1950)[108]
  • Far West (1953) with producer Arthur Hornblow written by Sonya Levien[109]
  • Cannibal Island (1953) a historical adventure tale with Lex Barker[110]
  • The Mad Magician (1953)[111]
  • Hercules (1953) with Lex Barker[112]
  • The Unseen Hand (1953)[113]
  • The Last Notch (1954) based on script by John Gilroy[50]
  • The Brass Ring (1954)[114]
  • Dateline Indo China (1954) with Denise Darcel[115]
  • film about a female Pinkerton detective[116]
  • If I Can't Have You (1955) with Andrew Stone[117]
  • Women Confidential (1957) by Lee Mortimer[118]
  • adaptation of Agatha Christie's The Mousetrap (1958) with Victor Saville[119]
  • Dear Spy, adaptation of novel Legacy of a Spy (1959) with script by Norman Krasna[120]
  • Sgt Pike (1960) a Western with about a Southerner fighting for the North – mentioned at times for John Wayne, Gary Cooper and Charlton Heston[121]
  • 36-26-36 (1965) – an original script by John Helmer[122]
  • The Shameless Virgin (1968) with Elke Sommer from a script by Nat Perrin[123]

Films developed by Small made by others


  1. Mother of Small, Film Producer, Dies Los Angeles Times 12 Feb 1940: 8.
  2. Sea Movie Will Mark Pidgeon Film Return, Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 6 Jan 1961: b12.
  3. Los Angeles to be Production Center. Los Angeles Times 27 Jan 1924: B17.
  4. Goetz Looks to Future, Past, Thomas, Kevin. Los Angeles Times 7 May 1966: 22.
  5. Nils Worked Days, Nights and Was Ill, Los Angeles Times 29 Apr 1928: C13.
  6. Loew's Inaugurate Change. Los Angeles Times 5 Nov 1926: A11.
  7. American Audiences Revise Idea of Virtue and Comedy. Los Angeles Times 14 Nov 1926: C23
  8. Small 'Picks the Winners': Discoverer of Many Favorites Plans "Quickies" With Unknown Casts to Unearth New Talent Miller, Barbara. Los Angeles Times 5 Dec 1926: C18.
  9. Flashes: Producers Reunited Asher Small and Rogers Announce Plans. Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times 23 Mar 1928: A8.
  10. Sound Studios Announced: Plant to Cost $750,000 Will be Constructed in Studio City-Sherman Oaks District, Los Angeles Times 16 Dec 1928: E2.
  11. Balio 2009, p. 117
  12. Douglas W. Churchill. Hollywood. New York Times 24 Nov 1935: X5.
  13. Robert Donat, Jack Oakie and Other Stars to Glisten on R.-K.-O. Program: Small Closes Deal for Reliance Films Kiepura's Next European Feature in Charge of "Casta Diva" Director; Jean Arthur and Melvyn Douglas to Join Talents, Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 27 Jan 1936: A15.
  14. Agreement Reached With Robert Donat, Now Abroad, to Come Here for Film: Old Contract May Complicate Matters Fans Mob Bette Davis in East–Studio Puts Her in "Mountain Justice;" John Boles Most Likely Choice for Alessandro Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 31 Mar 1936: 9.
  15. A Film Combination: R.K.O. Radio Studios to Release All Reliance Pictures. New York Times 27 Jan 1936: 20.
  16. Switching Around of Movie Executives Goes On and On: Transfer Companies Do Booming Business as Film Bosses Move From One Lot to Another, With All Assistants. Scott, John. Los Angeles Times 2 Feb 1936: C1
  17. Richard Jewel, 'RKO Film Grosses: 1931-1951', Historical Journal of Film Radio and Television, Vol 14 No 1, 1994 p57
  18. Richard B. Jewell, RKO Radio Pictures: A Titan is Born, Uni of California Press 2012 p. 155
  19. News of the Screen: Edward Small Returns to Produce at United Artists–'Mannequin' Opens Here at Capitol Today Coast Scripts Of Local Origin Elektra' Is Repeated. New York Times 20 Jan 1938: 19.
  20. "Christmas Carol" Will Ring Out Ere Yuletide: "Beau Brummell" Slated Wanger-Dieterle Deal Donat Signs for Term Hope Hampton Records. Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 23 May 1938: A14.
  21. Early Day Film Producer Dies: John F. Miller Also Served as Reporter; Led Veteran Activities Los Angeles Times 25 May 1939: A22.
  22. PRODUCERS GIRD FOR WAR: The Cinema Capital Contemplates Its Probable Effects Upon the Industry. Douglas W. Churchill. New York Times 10 Sep 1939: X3.
  23. Louella O. Parson's: Close-Ups and Long-Shots Of the Motion Picture Scene The Washington Post 6 July 1940: 10
  24. "Columbia Signs Ida Lupino to Play Role of Ellen Creed in 'Ladies in Retirement': Historical Film is Due – De Mille's 'Land of Liberty' to Open at Criterion – 'Play Girl' Listed at Palace". New York Times 29 Jan 1941: 21.
  25. Some News Highlights From the West Coast: Fox Has Its First War Experience With Navy Censors – Mr. Small Shuts Down. Thomas F. Brady. New York Times 22 Mar 1942: X3.
  26. Bromfield's 'Colorado' to Have Johnson as Star Of Local Origin. New York Times 8 Jan 1945: 14.
  27. 'Sweet Charity' Opens Tonight – Film Commitment May Interfere With Run of Miss Hepburn's Play. New York Times 28 Dec 1942: 23.
  28. Temperance Group Seeks Writ of Mandate Los Angeles Times 2 May 1944: 2.
  29. Michael Todd Set to Film 'Great Son': Ferber Novel Will Be His First Universal Picture – Hellinger Acquires 'Criss-Cross' "Variety Girl" Planned. New York Times 4 June 1946: 33.
  30. https://archive.org/stream/variety161-1946-03#page/n138/mode/1up
  31. "Small, Eagle-Lion Break Relations: Producer Holds Distributors Minimized His Contribution to Recent Film 'T-Men'". Thomas F Brady. New York Times 27 Mar 1948: 10.
  32. https://archive.org/stream/variety169-1948-03#page/n261/mode/1up
  33. Hollywood Dossier: Long Hunt for Actor to Play Valentino Finally Ends – Other Studio Items. Thomas Brady. New York Times 14 Aug 1949: X3.
  34. https://archive.org/stream/variety171-1948-07#page/n104/mode/1up
  35. https://archive.org/stream/variety170-1948-06#page/n115/mode/1up
  36. https://archive.org/stream/variety171-1948-07#page/n111/mode/1up
  37. "Metro Will Film Story of Israel: 'The Road' Listed by Studio as Telling of Birth of Nation – Marcus to Do Script". Thomas F. Brady. New York Times 21 Dec 1949: 41.
  38. pp. 135–6 Dick, Bernard F. The Merchant Prince of Poverty Row: Harry Cohn of Columbia Pictures University Press of Kentucky
  39. "Van Helfin to Star in Film for Metro: Gets Lead in 'Upward to Stars,' Story by Charles Martin – Ava Gardner in Cast". Thomas F. Brady. New York Times 10 Oct 1947: 32.
  40. "Two Meetings Slated for AIME Groups" Los Angeles Times 8 Mar 1948: 14.
  41. French Import Touted; Scott Liked for 'Sarah'. Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 10 Oct 1947: A9.
  42. "Rowland, Ansell Plan New Movie: Film Classics Producers List 'Medal of Honor' as Next – To Be Done in Mexico". Thomas F. Brady. New York Times 23 Jan 1948: 27.
  43. "Windust to Direct Bette Davis' Next: 'Featured for June' Is Listed by Warners for Film Star, After 'Winter Meeting'". Thomas F. Brady. New York Times 1 Dec 1947: 27
  44. Bernard Small at IMDb
  45. Of Local Origin New York Times 16 May 1952: 18.
  46. Aldo Ray and Dick York Team Up; 'Anything Goes' Likely for Phil Harris Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 11 Jan 1955: B7.
  47. David Picker, Musts, Maybes and Nevers: A Book About The Movies, CreateSpace Independent, 2013 p. 31
  48. Tino Balio, United Artists: The Company That Changed the Film Industry, Wisconsin Press, 1987 pp. 120–124
  49. "Small Plans Film About Crime Here: Hopes to Team Muni and Raft in 'New York Confidential' – Contract Parley Today". Thomas M. Pryor. New York Times 9 Sep 1953: 38.
  50. "Greene and Rouse to Make 12 Films: They Form Team to Produce, Write and Direct With the Backing of Edward Small". Thomas M. Pryor. New York Times 31 Aug 1954: 26.
  51. Kristin' Seen as Challenge: Kaufman Phones Terry Moore; 'Diamonds' Polished for Laage Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 21 Nov 1957: C11.
  52. Of Local Origin New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 16 May 1952: 18.
  53. p. 192 Larkins,Bob & Magers, Boyd The Films of Audie Murphy McFarland, 1 May 2016
  54. "Phil Carey Cast in Disney Movie: Actor to Star With Mineo in 'Tonka' – Negulesco to Direct 'The Blessing'". Thomas M. Pryor. New York Times 20 June 1958: 27.
  55. "Billboard". 1952-10-25.
  56. "Warwick Acquires Bevan Spy Novel: Irving Allen Plans Production of 'Zarak Khan' – Seeking Errol Flynn for Title Role". Thomas M. Pryor. New York Times 14 May 1953: 33
  57. Small Disposes of TV Interests: Sells Share of T.P.A. Film Concern to Milton Gordon – Robinson Bout on Air. Val Adams. New York Times 7 Aug 1957: 39.
  58. Cloris Leachman Signs Pact by Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 22 May 1970: g18.
  59. Todd McCarthy and Richard Thompson. “Phil Karlson: Interview, November 19, 1973” Kings of the Bs; Working Within the Hollywood System, eds. Todd McCarthy and Charles Flynn (New York: E.P. Dutton, 1975), pp. 327-345. Rpt. Cine Resort, Oct. 7 2014
  60. Allmovie
  61. Edward Small at Find a Grave
  62. Of Local Origin, New York Times 10 July 1943: 8.
  63. "Paramount Makes Silent Film: Alice Day to Play Lead in First National's "Drag;" Fox Follies Not Mere Revue-Will Have Story; E. H. Griffith Signing With Columbia" Kingsley, Grace. Los Angeles Times 15 Mar 1929: A10.
  64. "She'll Set Vogue in Voice Films". Los Angeles Times 22 Apr 1929: A1.
  65. "Shearer Film Ultra in Plot: "Divorce" Draws Crowds to Criterion Star's Effort Surpassing One on Talk Screen Excellent Supporting Cast Seen in Feature" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 16 May 1930: A9.
  66. "New Drama Arrives at Mayan Soon: Helen Menken Has Leading Role in New Play "Top O' The Hill" " Los Angeles Times 17 June 1929: A7.
  67. "Apoplexy Fatal to Film Director: Rites for Ted Wilde Tomorrow – Masons to be in Charge of Services for Director Who Died Unexpectedly" Los Angeles Times 18 Dec 1929: A7.
  68. "Duffy to Return in Mystery: "Cat and Canary" Listed at President; Dale Winter Costars in Play". Los Angeles Times 25 Dec 1929: A11.
  69. "Noted Director Also Sculptor" Los Angeles Times 10 Sep 1932: A7.
  70. "Herbert Mundin Enjoys His Job in 'Cavalcade': Grows Red Whiskers to Play the Butler." Shaffer, George. Chicago Daily Tribune 30 Sep 1932: 19.
  71. United Artists a Little Ahead for The Time of Year" The Washington Post 12 Feb 1933: S5.
  72. "Success of Song Features Results in Five-Picture Offer for Lawrence Tibbett: Big Plans Ahead for Famous Opera Singer Walter Wanger Out to Sign Formidable Group of Movie Names; "The Great Ziegfeld" Not to Start Until November" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 25 Sep 1934: 19.
  73. "Broadway: Men and Maids." by Ed Sullivan. The Washington Post 5 May 1936: 16.
  74. "Eight Music Publishers in International Tie-up for Expected Opera Cycle: Meyer Appointed to Negotiate All Sales Fay Wray Wins Star Role in "Mills of the Gods;" Selznick Signs Clemence Dane; Joe Morrison in "Win or Lose" "Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 8 Oct 1934: 15.
  75. "Timeliness Declared Vital in Selecting Story Plots" Los Angeles Times 7 Aug 1935: 12.
  76. "United Artists, Despite the Loss of Twentieth Century, Sees Big Season Ahead: Many Pictures Scheduled for Early Release British Studios Help Out; At Circus Coincidence; Amusement Jottings. (Reprinted from Yesterday's Last Edition.)" by Nelson B. Bell.. The Washington Post 14 June 1935: 20.
  77. "Announces New Films: Reliance Studios Executive Tells of Year's Plans." New York Times 22 Aug 1935: 20.
  78. "Looking at Hollywood: Glenn Ford Is Scheduled to Make Picture, 'The Americano,' in Brazil" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 30 Mar 1953: b6.
  79. "Walter Connoolly Summoned East to Play Lead in "Soak the Rich" Picture: Player to Work for Hecht, MacArthur Edward Small Will Star George Houston in Saga of California Indians; Rudy Vallee to Stay in East for Next Production" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Sep 1935: 5.
  80. "First American Cinema Version of "Beggar's Opera" Planned by Reliance: Houston Mentioned as Chief Character Joan Bennett Will Emote Opposite Ronald Colman in "Man Who Broke the Bank;" William Powell Film Announced" Scheuer, Philip K. Los Angeles Times 20 Aug 1935: 19.
  81. James Flood and Edward Small Split Over 'Coast Patrol' – Cantor for Winchell-Bernie Film. New York Times 14 Oct 1936: 31.
  82. Successful Revivals – Return of Valentino – Old Films and New Productions The Manchester Guardian, [Manchester (UK)] 7 July 1938: 12.
  83. "RKO and United Artists Seek Anna Neagle – Metro Plans Remake of 'Desert Song' New Role for Miss Faye – Slated for 'Life of William Tell'–Goldwyn Prepares to Film 'Beach Boy' Plans for Alice Faye Coast Scripts Of Local Origin". New York Times 22 Nov 1938: 26.
  84. "Edward Small Plans to Make 'The Maginot Line'–Louis Hayward Will Be Star – If I Were King' to Open – Premiere at Paramount Today to Feature Ronald Colman and Basil Rathbone Jack London Story for Screen Of Local Origin". New York Times 28 Sep 1938: 29.
  85. "DRAMA: 'Sleepy Hollow' Tale to Promote 'Classics'" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 14 Oct 1939: A7.
  86. "Marshall Will Play in 'My Son, My Son': Europe Lures Notables Students Belittle Stars Tommy Kelly Assigned Ann Sheridan's New Role" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Mar 1939: 15.
  87. "Showdown Sought in Ticket Code Row: Theatre League Refuses New Talks With Brokers and Demands Action – Issue of Pay Will Wait – Equity Delays Its Decision on the Higher Scale–Reginald Denny May Return Ainley May Succeed Downing Baltimore Booking Canceled Golden Gets Script Friday" New York Times 13 Dec 1939: 35.
  88. "Hollywood's Promises for 1940: Coming-of-Age of United Artists". The Scotsman Edinburgh, Scotland. 9 Jan 1940: 9.
  89. Columbus Enterprise Builds Up Momentum Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 12 Aug 1946: A2.
  90. "'Attack' Purchased by Fox – George Murphy Assigned to 'Little Nellie Kelly' – Four Films This Week – Tom Brown's School Days' at Music Hall and 'Fugitive' at Rialto on Thursday Of Local Origin". Douglas W. Churchill. New York Times 24 June 1940: 19.
  91. John Carroll Build-up to Stardom Assured Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Sep 1940: A9.
  92. "Cary Grant Withdrawing From Leading Role in 'The Man Who Came to Dinner': 2 New Film Here Today – 'Road to Zanzibar' and 'The Penalty' Arrive – Chaplin Festival Sets Records". Douglas W. Churchill. New York Times 9 April 1941: 33.
  93. "Newlyweds Ball, Arnaz Will Costar for R.K.O.: Small Ticketing Donlevy Jinx Falkenberg in Lead Judy Canova Re-signed Movie Vamp Trio Named Nils Asther Assigned" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 12 Mar 1941: 12.
  94. "Biltmore to Get 'Ask My Friend, Sandy' – 'Junior Miss' Moves to Forty-sixth Street Dec. 25" New York Times 17 Dec 1942: 46.
  95. "While the Films Reel By" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 11 Jan 1942: C3.
  96. "Charles Laughton to Appear in 'The History of Mr. Polly' – Role for James Craig: Roxy Film in Third Week – 'Remember the Day' Held Over – 'Girl From Leningrad' Remains at Stanley". New York Times 9 Jan 1942: 25.
  97. "New 'Monte Cristo' Feature Announced John Garfield, John Ridgely Will Join Cary Grant in 'Destination Tokyo'". Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 18 June 1943: 15.
  98. "Looking at Hollywood" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 27 July 1943: 15.
  99. "Sanders Wins Key Role in 'Dorian Gray' Film Producer Small Seeks Stellar Songstress for Musical, 'Notorious Nancy Grazy'". Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Dec 1943: 7.
  100. "O'Keefe Pressuring Small to Do 'Knights': Pressburger Will Route 'The Blivens' First to Stage, Then to Picture Medium" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 1 Feb 1944: 9.
  101. Hollywood Awakens to the Shorts: One and Two Reel Films Regaining Popularity – Love Wins as Usual. Fred Standley. New York Times 25 June 1944: X3.
  102. "News of the Screen" The Christian Science Monitor 21 July 1944: 4.
  103. "Comedy Yanks Plan Entry Into Paris, Too: Topical 'First Man in Tokyo' Scheduled; Marsha Hunt Joins Garson Entourage" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 Aug 1944: 8.
  104. "Small Plans Classic; Quints Deal Hovers" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 29 Mar 1946: A7.
  105. "Filmland Briefs". Los Angeles Times 23 May 1946: A3.
  106. "Stage's Vye Will Vie With Academy Winner" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 28 June 1946: A3.
  107. "Small Plans Film on 'Monte Cristo': Seeks Louis Hayward for Lead in Movie on Dumas Hero – Beloin Doing Hope Script". Thomas F. Brady. New York Times 15 June 1948: 33.
  108. "Mitchell Likely Cap'n Andy; Preston to Star as Heavy With Rooney" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 22 Aug 1950: A11.
  109. "Sobbin' Women' Shaping for Betta St. John; 'Far West' Set for Hornblow" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 6 Mar 1953: B7.
  110. "Looking at Hollywood: Olivia de Havilland Off This Week for Europe" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 2 Apr 1953: c5.
  111. "Looking at Hollywood: Fernando Lamas' Next Film in Busy Season Is 'Honeymoon'" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 19 May 1953: a2.
  112. "Zanuck to Produce GI's Murder Story" Hopper, Hedda. Los Angeles Times 1 Aug 1953: 10.
  113. "Movieland Briefs" Los Angeles Times 23 June 1953: A7.
  114. "Farley Granger to Play Head of Crime Syndicate in Movie" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 21 Dec 1954: a4.
  115. Hedda Hopper: "Olivia Will Marry 'Between Pictures'" Los Angeles Times 4 June 1954: 22.
  116. "Pinkerton Production on Hot Slate; 'Hired Guns' Speeds Project" Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 21 June 1955: 19.
  117. "Looking at Hollywood: Film on Brainwashing to Have Trio of Stars" Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 29 Oct 1955: 15.
  118. 'Women Confidential' Set; Robinson Likely Loeb; Traubel Role Big Schallert, Edwin. Los Angeles Times 9 Jan 1957: C9.
  119. Hollywood Will Go Traveling in 1959: Foreign Locations Intrigue Fregonese, Power and Others Scott, John L. Los Angeles Times 24 Sep 1958: 27.
  120. 'Ben Hur' to Race for 213 Minutes: Film Will Be Third Longest Shown – Small and Saville Planning 'Dear Spy'. Richard Mason. New York Times 7 Oct 1959: 47.
  121. Hedda Sees Bob Hope Off on Holiday Tour Hopper, Hedda. Chicago Daily Tribune 21 Dec 1960: a2.
  122. Movie Call Sheet: Miss York in 'Doctor' Role. Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 10 Aug 1965: c11
  123. Harris Signs CBS Deal Martin, Betty. Los Angeles Times 27 Sep 1967: d13.
  124. "Prize Ring Comedy Goes Into Work at Early Date at U.A." The Washington Post 28 May 1933: S5.


  • Balio, Tino, United Artists: The Company Built By the Stars Volume 1 1919–1950, University of Wisconsin Press, 2009
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