Edmund Goulding

Edmund Goulding (20 March 1891 – 24 December 1959) was a British screenwriter and director. As an actor early in his career he was one of the 'Ghosts' in the 1922 silent film Three Live Ghosts alongside Norman Kerry and Cyril Chadwick. Also in the early 1920s he wrote several screenplays for star Mae Murray for films directed by her then husband Robert Z. Leonard. Goulding is best remembered for directing cultured dramas such as Love (1927), Grand Hotel (1932) with Greta Garbo and Joan Crawford, Dark Victory (1939) with Bette Davis, and The Razor's Edge (1946) with Gene Tierney and Tyrone Power. He also directed the classic film noir Nightmare Alley (1947) with Tyrone Power and Joan Blondell, and the action drama The Dawn Patrol. He was also a successful songwriter, composer, and producer.

Edmund Goulding
Goulding helping position two actors for a kiss while making a film with the motion picture class at Columbia University in 1927.
Born
Edmund Goulding

(1891-03-20)20 March 1891
Feltham, Middlesex, England
DiedDecember 24, 1959(1959-12-24) (aged 68)
OccupationDirector, writer
Years active1916–1958
Spouse(s)
Marjorie Moss
(m. 1931; her death 1935)

Biography

Before moving to films, Goulding was an actor, playwright and director on the London stage.

Interviewed about his Goulding biography Edmund Goulding's Dark Victory (2009), film historian Matthew Kennedy stated:

He not only directed many types of films, but he took on multiple functions on each set. Though he didn’t usually take credit, he co-wrote many scripts, composed incidental music, produced, even consulted on makeup, costumes, and hair styling. His one blind spot in production seems to be the camera...When shooting a scene, Eddie was intent on capturing performers at their best and most truthful, but he left the mechanics of filming to his cameramen...he seemed adept at just about everything — comedy (Everybody Does It, We’re Not Married!), ensemble dramas (Grand Hotel), family relations (White Banners, Claudia), war (The Dawn Patrol, We Are Not Alone), psychiatry (The Flame Within), show business (Blondie of the Follies), male-female relationships (The Devil's Holiday, Riptide), and even existentialism (The Razor's Edge) and the dark arts of spiritism (Nightmare Alley).[1]

He died during heart surgery at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Los Angeles, California. He was buried at the Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Glendale, California.[2]

Filmography

YearTitleProduction Co.CastNotes
Silent films
1916The Quest of Life ParamountFlorence Walton, Julian L'EstrangeBased on one of his plays
1917The Silent PartnerParamountBlanche Sweet, Thomas Meighan Screenwriter
1918The Ordeal of Rosetta SelectAlice Brady, Crauford KentScreenwriter
1919The ImpSelznickElsie Janis, Joe KingScreenwriter
1919The Perfect LoverSelznickEugene O'Brien, Marguerite CourtotScreenwriter
1919The Glorious LadySelznickOlive Thomas, Evelyn BrentScreenwriter
1919A Regular Girl SelznickElsie Janis, Matt MooreScreenwriter
1919Sealed HeartsSelznickEugene O'Brien, Robert Edeson Screenwriter
1920A Daughter of Two Worlds First NationalNorma Talmadge, Frank SheridanScreenwriter
1920Madonnas and MenIndependentAnders Randolf, Edmund Lowe, Gustav von SeyffertitzScreenwriter
1920The Dangerous Paradise SelznickLouise Huff, Harry Benham Screenwriter
1920The Sin That Was His SelznickWilliam Faversham, Lucy CottonScreenwriter
1921The DevilPathé ExchangeGeorge Arliss, Lucy CottonScreenwriter
1921Dangerous ToysIndependentMarguerite Clayton, William DesmondScreenwriter
1921A Man of StoneSelznickConway Tearle, Martha Mansfield Screenwriter
1921Tol'able DavidFirst NationalRichard Barthelmess, Gladys Hulette, Ernest TorrenceScreenwriter
1922Peacock AlleyMetroMae Murray, Edmund LoweScreenwriter
1922Three Live GhostsParamountNorman Kerry, Anna Q. NilssonActor
1922Till We Meet AgainIndependentMae Marsh, Walter MillerScreenwriter
1922The Seventh DayFirst NationalRichard Barthelmess, Anne Cornwall Screenwriter
1922FascinationMetroMae Murray, Creighton HaleScreenwriter
1922Broadway RoseMetroMae Murray, Monte Blue, Ward CraneScreenwriter
1922Heroes of the Street Warner Bros.Marie Prevost, Jack MulhallScreenwriter
1923FuryFirst NationalRichard Barthelmess, Dorothy GishScreenwriter
1923Dark SecretsParamountDorothy Dalton, Robert EllisScreenwriter
1923Bright Lights of BroadwayIndependentDoris Kenyon, Harrison Ford, Edmund Breese, Lowell ShermanScreenwriter
1923Jazzmania MetroMae Murray, Rod La Rocque, Jean HersholtScreenwriter
1923Tiger RoseWarner Bros.Lenore Ulric, Forrest Stanley, Theodore von EltzScreenwriter
1923The Bright ShawlFirst NationalRichard Barthelmess, Dorothy Gish, Jean HersholtScreenwriter
1924The Man Who Came BackFox FilmGeorge O'Brien, Dorothy MackaillScreenwriter
1924Dante's InfernoFox FilmPauline Starke, Ralph LewisScreenwriter
1924Gerald Cranston's LadyFox FilmAlma Rubens, Walter McGrail Screenwriter
1925The DancersFox FilmGeorge O'Brien, Alma RubensScreenwriter
1925The Scarlet HoneymoonFox FilmShirley Mason, Pierre GendronScreenwriter
1925The FoolFox FilmEdmund Lowe, Raymond BloomerScreenwriter
1925HavocFox FilmMadge Bellamy, George O'Brien, Walter McGrail Screenwriter
1925Sun-UpMGMLucille La Verne, Conrad Nagel, Pauline StarkeDirector, Screenwriter
1925The Beautiful CityFirst NationalRichard Barthelmess, Dorothy Gish, William PowellScreenwriter
1925Sally, Irene and MaryMGMConstance Bennett, Joan Crawford, Sally O'NeilDirector, Screenwriter
1926Dancing MothersParamount PicturesConway Tearle, Alice Joyce, Clara Bow Based on one of his plays
1926ParisMGMCharles Ray, Joan Crawford, Rose DioneDirector, Screenwriter
1927Women Love DiamondsMGMPauline Starke, Owen Moore, Lionel BarrymoreDirector, Screenwriter
1927LoveMGMJohn Gilbert, Greta GarboDirector
1928A Certain Young ManMGMRamón Novarro / Marceline DayUncredited Director. Lost film.
1928Happiness AheadFirst NationalColleen Moore, Edmund LoweScreenwriter
1928A Lady of ChanceMGMNorma Shearer, Lowell ShermanScreenwriter
1929Queen KellyUnited ArtistsGloria Swanson, Walter ByronHired by Swanson to help complete and edit the film
Sound films
1929The TrespasserUnited ArtistsGloria Swanson, Robert AmesDirector, Screenwriter
1929The Broadway MelodyMGMAnita Page, Bessie LoveScreenwriter
1930Paramount on ParadeParamount PicturesParamount Star RevueA musical revue using 11 directors and starring various Paramount stars / Some Technicolor sequences
1930The Devil's HolidayParamount PicturesNancy Carroll, Phillips HolmesDirector, Screenwriter
1930Hell's AngelsThe Caddo CompanyBen Lyon, James Hall, Jean HarlowHired by Howard Hughes to direct the silent scenes used in the final film
1930Reaching for the MoonUnited ArtistsDouglas Fairbanks, Bebe DanielsDirector, Screenwriter
1930The Grand Parade Pathé ExchangeHelen Twelvetrees, Richard Carle Screenwriter, Producer
1931The Night AngelParamount PicturesFredric March, Nancy CarrollDirector, Screenwriter
1932Grand HotelMGMGreta Garbo, John Barrymore, Joan CrawfordDirector
1932FleshMGMWallace Beery, Ricardo Cortez, Karen MorleyScreenwriter
1932No Man of Her OwnMGMClark Gable, Carole Lombard, Dorothy MackaillScreenwriter
1932Blondie of the FolliesMGMMarion Davies, Robert Montgomery, Billie DoveDirector
1934RiptideMGMNorma Shearer, Robert Montgomery, Herbert MarshallDirector, Screenwriter
1934Hollywood PartyMGMHollywood RevueIn an attempt to salvage the film, MGM producer Harry Rapf hired Goulding and 8 other directors, to direct sequences for the film
1935The Flame WithinMGMMaureen O'Sullivan, Ann Harding, Herbert MarshallDirector, Screenwriter, Producer
1935A Night at the OperaMGMMarx BrothersDirected a few scenes
1937That Certain WomanWarner Bros., First National PicturesBette Davis, Henry FondaDirector, Screenwriter
1938White BannersWarner Bros., Cosmopolitan PicturesFay Bainter, Claude Rains, Jackie CooperDirector
1938The Dawn PatrolWarner Bros.Errol Flynn, Basil Rathbone, David NivenDirector
1939Dark VictoryWarner Bros., First National PicturesBette Davis, George Brent, Humphrey BogartDirector
1939The Old MaidWarner Bros.Bette Davis, Miriam Hopkins, George BrentDirector
1939We Are Not AloneWarner Bros., First National PicturesPaul Muni, Jane BryanDirector
1940'Til We Meet AgainWarner Bros.Merle Oberon, George BrentDirector. Goulding shot 70% of the film around bouts of pneumonia
1940Two Girls on Broadway MGMLana Turner, Joan Blondell Screenplay
1941The Great LieWarner Bros.Bette Davis, George Brent, Mary AstorDirector
1943Forever and a DayRKO Radio PicturesEnsemble castDirector, Producer. Goulding directed a segment for the film
1943Old Acquaintance Warner Bros.Bette Davis, Miriam HopkinsScreenwriter
1943The Constant NymphWarner Bros.Charles Boyer, Joan Fontaine, Alexis SmithDirector
1943Claudia20th Century FoxDorothy McGuire, Robert YoungDirector
1944Of Human BondageWarner Bros.Paul Henreid, Eleanor ParkerDirector
1945Flight from FollyWarner Bros.Pat Kirkwood, Tamara DesniScreenwriter
1946The Razor's Edge20th Century FoxTyrone Power, Gene Tierney, John PayneDirector
1947The Shocking Miss Pilgrim20th Century FoxBetty Grable, Dick HaymesDirector. Goulding filled in for George Seaton while he was ill during production / Technicolor film
1947Nightmare Alley20th Century FoxTyrone Power, Joan Blondell, Coleen GrayDirector
1949Everybody Does It20th Century FoxPaul Douglas, Linda Darnell, Celeste HolmDirector
1950Mister 88020th Century FoxBurt Lancaster, Dorothy McGuire, Edmund GwennDirector
1951Down Among the Sheltering Palms20th Century FoxWilliam Lundigan, Mitzi Gaynor, Jane GreerDirector. Technicolor film
1952We're Not Married!20th Century FoxEnsemble castDirector
1956Teenage Rebel20th Century FoxGinger Rogers, Betty Lou KeimScreenwriter
1958Mardi Gras20th Century FoxPat Boone, Christine CarèreDirector

References

  1. "Edmund Goulding Q&A with Biographer Matthew Kennedy". Alternative Film Guide. Retrieved 2 April 2009.
  2. Wilson, Scott. Resting Places: The Burial Sites of More Than 14,000 Famous Persons, 3d ed.: 2 (Kindle Location 18220). McFarland & Company, Inc., Publishers. Kindle Edition
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