Edmund Clerihew Bentley
Edmund Clerihew Bentley (10 July 1875 – 30 March 1956), who generally published under the names E. C. Bentley or E. Clerihew Bentley, was a popular English novelist and humorist, and inventor of the clerihew, an irregular form of humorous verse on biographical topics.
Bentley was born in London and educated at St Paul's School and Merton College, Oxford. His father, John Edmund Bentley, was professionally a civil servant but was also a rugby union international having played in the first ever international match for England against Scotland in 1871. Bentley worked as a journalist on several newspapers, including the Daily Telegraph. He also worked for the imperialist weekly called The Outlook during the editorship of James Louis Garvin. His first published collection of poetry, titled Biography for Beginners (1905), popularized the clerihew form; it was followed by two other collections, More Biography (1929) and Baseless Biography (1939). His detective novel Trent's Last Case (1913) was much praised, numbering Dorothy L. Sayers among its admirers, and with its labyrinthine and mystifying plotting can be seen as the first truly modern mystery. It was adapted as a film in 1920, 1929, and 1952. The success of the work inspired him, after 23 years, to write a sequel, Trent's Own Case (1936). There was also a book of Trent short stories, Trent Intervenes (1938).
From 1936 until 1949 Bentley was president of the Detection Club. He contributed to two crime stories for the club's radio serials broadcast in 1930 and 1931, which were published in 1983 as The Scoop and Behind The Screen. In 1950 he contributed the introduction to a Constable & Co omnibus edition of Damon Runyon's "stories of the bandits of Broadway", which was republished by Penguin Books in 1990 as On Broadway.
He died in 1956 in London at the age of 80. His son Nicolas Bentley was a famous illustrator.
Phonographic recordings of his work "Recordings for the Blind" are heard in the film Places in the Heart, by the character Mr. Will.
While he is best known for his crime fiction and clerihews, Bentley also wrote at least one science fiction short story. This is the recently re-discovered "Flying Visit", published in the [London] Evening Standard on 31 March 1953.
- Cohen, Nancy. "Bentley, Edmund Clerihew (E. C.)" In Gale, Steven H., ed. (1996). Encyclopedia of British Humorists: Geoffrey Chaucer to John Cleese, pp. 138–42. Taylor & Francis.
- "Fleet Street Stir". Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer. British Newspaper Archive. 28 February 1942. p. 4. Retrieved 2014-08-06. (subscription required)
- Bentley, E. Clerihew (1905). Biography for Beginners. ISBN 978-1-4437-5315-9.
- Trent's Last Case, ISBN 978-0-7551-0327-0
- Shaw, Bruce (2014). Jolly Good Detecting: Humor in English Crime Fiction of the Golden Age, p. 75. McFarland & Company, Inc.
- Stapleton, Julia (2009). Christianity, Patriotism, and Nationhood: The England of G. K. Chesterton, p. 15. Lexington Books.
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Edmund Clerihew Bentley
- Works by Edmund Clerihew Bentley at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about Edmund Clerihew Bentley at Internet Archive
- Works by Edmund Clerihew Bentley at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- Illustrated Bibliography of 1st Editions
- A web page about Bentley, with some clerihews and some biographical information on Bentley himself