Dr. Edmond Locard (13 December 1877 – 4 April 1966) was a French criminologist, the pioneer in forensic science who became known as the "Sherlock Holmes of France". He formulated the basic principle of forensic science: "Every contact leaves a trace". This became known as Locard's exchange principle.
|Died||4 May 1966 88) (aged|
|Known for||First police laboratory, Locard's exchange principle, Sherlock Holmes of France|
|Fields||Forensic science, Public health|
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Locard studied medicine and law at Lyon, France, eventually becoming the assistant of Alexandre Lacassagne, a criminologist and professor. He held this post until 1910, when he began the foundation of his criminal laboratory.
In 1910, Locard succeeded in persuading the Police Department of Lyon to give him two attic rooms and two assistants, to start what became the first police laboratory.
He produced a monumental, seven-volume work, Traité de Criminalistique. He continued with his research until his death in 1966.
Locard is considered to be the father of modern forensic science. His Exchange Principle is the basis of all forensic work.
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