Ecuadorian Navy

The Ecuadorian Navy is responsible for the surveillance and protection of national maritime territory and has a personnel of 9,127[1] men to protect a coastline of 2,237 km which reaches far into the Pacific Ocean. The vessels are identified by a ship prefix of B.A.E.: Buque de la Armada del Ecuador (Ship of the Ecuadorian Navy) or L.A.E.: Lancha de la Armada del Ecuador (Boat of the Ecuadorian Navy).

Ecuadorian Navy
Armada del Ecuador
Ecuadorian Navy insignia
Active1832 - present
Country Ecuador
2 frigates
6 corvettes
2 submarines
3 fast attack crafts
8 auxiliary ships
Part ofMilitary of Ecuador
Anniversaries25 July, Navy Day and the anniversary of the Battle of Jambeli
EngagementsEcuadorian-Peruvian War 1941
Commander-in-chief of the NavyRear Admiral Luis Santiago Chávez
Ecuadorian Naval Jack
Naval Aviation roundel


Organize, train, equip and maintain naval capabilities, as well as to assist and support all procedures involving national security and development. Contribute to the achievement of safeguarding national objectives in times of peace and war.


Maintain highly trained naval forces to secure victory within the maritime zone in order to support developing communities. As a consequence operate highly qualified military personnel whom are able to fulfill this role based on elevated moral, values and principles.


The roots of the Ecuadorian Navy or (Armada Ecuatoriana) date back to 1823 whilst forming a part of the Gran Colombian fleet. In 1832 the by then, Ecuadorian congress established officially "The Ecuadorian Maritime Department". On 25 July 1941 during the Ecuadorian–Peruvian War, the gunboat Abdón Calderón commanded by Rafael Morán Valverde encountered the Peruvian destroyer Almirante Villar in the Jambeli channel.[2] The Ecuadorian gunboat opened fire on Villar, keeping its distance while doing shots for elevation, but the Peruvian destroyer returned fire for the duration of the chase, which was ended by the Peruvians when the Calderon took refuge in the channels. The Calderon was unharmed in the skirmish and according to Ecuador, the Peruvian Villar suffered from damages, allegation that has always been refuted by Perú.[3] However, this event had no influence over the general outcome of the war as Puerto Bolivar was lost to Peruvian Troops only two days later. BAE Tungurahua was bought from a private owner but was scrapped shortly after conversion due to engine malfunctions.

Present day

Today, the Ecuadorian Navy is a compact, efficient and well-balanced force. However, limited funds hinder any major acquisitions and the chances of maintaining a strong force within the Pacific Ocean. Since introduction of a restructuring program within the Armed Forces, ("PATRIA I"), the Navy's structure became simplified. It supervises the Pacific Coast and Galápagos Islands all in one naval zone. Most seagoing assets are based at Guayaquil.

Active ships

Currently the Navy consists of the following vessels:

Vessel Origin Type Class In service[4] Notes
Training ship (1 in service)
BAE Guayas (BE-21)  Spain Sail training ship steel-hulled barque Yes As an ambassador of its country, the Guayas is a participant in tall ship regattas. By the end of 2008 the Guayas had visited 60 harbours in 25 countries and covered about 340,000 nautical miles (630,000 km).
Submarines (2 in service)
BAE Shyri (S102)  Germany diesel-electric submarine Type 209/1300 Yes [5]
BAE Huancavilca (S102)  Germany diesel-electric submarine Type 209/1300 Yes On September 16, 2011, the submarine was sent to the ASMAR shipyard in Chile for modernization, which was completed in 2014.[6][7]
Guided missile frigates (2 in service)
BAE Morán Valverde (FM-01)  United Kingdom guided missile frigate Condell-class frigate Yes Extensively refitted between April 2004 and December 2005. Acquired from Chile in March, 2008.[8]
BAE Presidente Eloy Alfaro (FM-02)  United Kingdom guided missile frigate Condell-class frigate Yes Acquired from Chile in March, 2008.
Guided missile corvettes (6 in service)
BAE Esmeraldas (CM-11)  Italy guided missile corvette Esmeraldas-class Yes Refitted in 2006 under the Esmeraldas program.[9]
BAE Manabí (CM-12)  Italy guided missile corvette Esmeraldas-class Yes Modernised, returned to fleet 2018.
BAE Los Rios (CM-13)  Italy guided missile corvette Esmeraldas-class Yes Modernised, returned to fleet 2018.[10]
BAE El Oro (CM-14)  Italy guided missile corvette Esmeraldas-class Yes Refitted in 2008 under the Esmeraldas program.
BAE Galápagos (CM-15)  Italy guided missile corvette Esmeraldas-class Yes Refitted in 2010 under the Esmeraldas program.
BAE Loja (CM-16)  Italy guided missile corvette Esmeraldas-class Yes Modernised, returned to fleet 2019.
Offshore Patrol Vessel
LAE Isla San Cristobal (LG-30)  Netherlands Offshore Patrol Vessel Damen Stan patrol vessel 5009 class Yes
LAE Isla Isabela (LG-31)  Netherlands Offshore Patrol Vessel Damen Stan patrol vessel 5009 class Yes
Fast attack craft (3 in service)
LAE Quito (LM-25)  Germany fast attack craft TNC 45 Seawolf class Yes Modernised
LAE Guayaquil (LM-26)  Germany fast attack craft TNC 45 Seawolf class Yes Modernised
LAE Cuenca (LM-27)  Germany fast attack craft TNC 45 Seawolf class Yes Modernised
Auxiliaries (7 in service)
BAE Huacolpo (TR-61)  United States LST-542-class tank landing ship Huacolpo class No used as transport and listed as active in 2007 but may be not operational.
BAE Calicuchima (TR-62)  United Kingdom ammunition supply ship Kintebury class Yes ex-RMAS Throsk (A379)[11]
BAE Atahualpa (TR-63)  Italy water harbour tanker Brenta type Yes ex-A 5356 Basento
BAE Quisquis (TR-64)  United Kingdom water harbour tanker Waterfall class Yes ex-Waterside (Y-20)[12]
BAE Taurus (TR-65)  Ecuador coastal oil tanker Taurus class Yes Civilian ship bought in 1987. Built by Astinave, Guayaquil. Currently status is unknown.
BAE Chimborazo (RA-70)  United States fleet tug Abnaki-class tug Yes Ex-USS Chowanoc (ATF-100)[13]
BAE Cotopaxi (RB-73)  United States fleet tug Yes
BAE Wolf (RB-74)  Netherlands fleet tug Yes
Scientific research vessels (2 in service)
BAE Orion (BI-91)  Japan Oceanographic research ship Orion class Yes
LAE Sirius  Ecuador oceanographic research ship Sirius class Yes [14]
Name Origin Type Version Used by Notes
Naval artillery
QF 4.5 inch naval gun United KingdomDual-purpose naval gunMark VICondell class frigate
Oto Melara 76/62 Compact Gun ItalyDual-purpose naval gun76/62 CompactEsmeraldas-class
Oto Melara Twin 40 Compact Gun ItalyClose-in weapon system (CIWS)Twin 40L70Esmeraldas-class
Raytheon Phalanx 20mm Gatling Gun United StatesClose-in weapon system (CIWS)Phalanx Block 0Condell class frigate
Anti-ship missiles
MBDA Exocet Franceanti-ship missile (AShM)MM40 Block 2Condell class frigate
MBDA Exocet Franceanti-ship missile (AShM)MM38TNC 45 Seawolf class FAC
IAI Gabriel Israelanti-ship missile (AShM)Mk 2TNC 45 Seawolf class FAC
Surface-to-air missile
MBDA Aspide Italysurface-to-air missile (SAM)Aspide 1AEsmeraldas-class
Anti-submarine torpedo
Mark 46 torpedo United Statesanti-submarine lightweight torpedoMod 5ACondell class frigate
Whitehead A244-S Italyanti-submarine lightweight torpedoA244/SEsmeraldas-class
Black Shark Italy533 mm heavyweight torpedoType 209 submarine[15]
it:A184 Italy533 mm heavyweight torpedoA184 Mod 3Type 209 submarine
Atlas Elektronik SST Germany533 mm heavyweight torpedoSST-4 Mod 0Type 209 submarine
SUT torpedo Germany533 mm heavyweight torpedoAEG SUT 264Type 209 submarine
DM2A4 Seehecht Germany533 mm heavyweight torpedoDM2A4Type 209 submarine

The Ecuadorian Naval Aviation (Aviación Naval Ecuatoriana) was formed in 1967 with fixed wing aircraft and received some helicopters in 1973. It remains the least effective section of the navy; capable of performing limited maritime patrol missions, it consists of fixed wing and a rotary wing element. Aircraft are based at Base Aérea Simón Bolívar in Guayaquil and the Eloy Alfaro Air Base in Manta. The most recent acquisition of the ANE are two Heron 1 and four Searcher Mk. III[16] from Israel. These have increased the Navy's coastal surveillance capacity significantly.

Active aircraft

Currently the Navy consists of the following aircraft:

Aircraft Origin Type Version In service Notes
Maritime patrol aircraft
Beechcraft Super King Air  United States Maritime surveillance aircraft CATPASS 250MP 3 Two units delivered in January and June 1997 respectively. CATPASS conversion includes a bottom-mounted surface-search radar, FLIR and ESM provisions.
CASA CN235 Persuader  Spain Maritime patrol aircraft CN-235-100 MP Persuader
CN-235-300 MP Persuader
Maritime patrol/multipurpose transport aircraft equipped with surface-search radar.
Bell 206 JetRanger
Bell TH-57 SeaRanger
 United States Utility helicopter / Training helicopter 206B
Bell 230  United States Radar surveillance helicopter 230T 1 Two units delivered in total. One unit crashed at sea in 2009.
Bell 430  United States Utility helicopter 430 4 Two units delivered in August 1, 2010. The first 430 received a Garmin GNS400 GPS coupled to the autopilot. Both were equipped with a Honeywell Mark XXII EGPWS, right hand sliding door, hoist provisions and some maintenance items.[17] Two units delivered in September 11, 2014.
Trainer Aircraft
Beechcraft T34 Turbo Mentor  United States Advanced trainer T-34C-1 10
ENAER T-35 Pillán  Chile Basic trainer T-35B 14
Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
IAI Heron  Israel MALE UAV Heron I 2 [18]
IAI Searcher  Israel Reconnaissance UAV Searcher III 4 [19]
Utility Aircraft
Beechcraft Super King Air  United States Light transport B200
Beechcraft King Air  United States Light transport C90A 2
Cessna 172  United States Liaison aircraft SP 2

Coast Guard

The Coast Guard (Cuerpo de Guardacostas de la Armada) became fully operational in 1980. Their mission is to control maritime activities on national territory, including all river zones. The objective is the internal security, protection of human life at sea and environmental protection. It disposes of around 250 men and 30 major as well as 40 smaller, partially very modern patrol vessels.[20] In 2011 Ecuador ordered four 26.5 metres (87 ft) patrol vessels based on the Damen Stan 2600 design for the Coast Guard.[21][22][23][24]


The Naval Infantry Corps (Cuerpo de Infanteria de Marina) was formed on 12 November 1962. It maintains a strength of around 1700[25] marines, with their HQ in Guayaquil. The units are individually spread across the naval coast of Ecuador and are equipped with infantry support weapons, including 60 mm and 81 mm mortars, 106 mm recoilless rifles (RCLs) and Humvees. However, it lacks amphibious assault and sealift capacity. The Ecuadorian Marines are to maintain a high level of alert in order to execute special operations in difficult territory as well as to provide a fast response to counter amphibious incursions. Structure:

  • Escuela de la Infanteria Marina (Naval Infantry School)
  • Compañia de Seguridad "Guayaquil" (Security Detachment)
  • Batallon de Infanteria Marina "Jambeli"
  • Battallon de Infanteria Marina "San Eduardo"
  • Battallon de Infanteria Marina "San Lorenzo"
  • Battallon de Infanteria Marina "Jaramijo"
  • Battallon de Infanteria Marina "Esmeraldas"
Name Type Caliber Origin In service Notes
General-purpose machine gun
Heckler & Koch HK21HK21E7.62×51mm NATO GermanyStandard general-purpose machine gun.
Assault rifle
M16 rifleA2/A45.56×45mm NATO United StatesStandard assault rifle.
M4 carbineA15.56×45mm NATO United StatesSpecial Forces.
Submachine gun
Heckler & Koch MP59×19mm Parabellum GermanySpecial Forces.
Colt 9mm SMG9×19mm Parabellum United StatesSpecial Forces.
Semi-automatic pistol
M1911 pistol.45 ACP United StatesStandard pistol.
Hand grenade
M26 grenadeM26A1/M61 United States
Red dot sight
Advanced Combat Optical GunsightReflex sight United StatesUsed by special forces.
Aimpoint CompM4Reflex sight United StatesUsed by special forces.
Grenade launcher
Milkor MGL40 mm grenade South Africa
M203 grenade launcher40 mm grenade United StatesGrenade launcher coupled in M4 carbines.
Anti-materiel rifle
Barrett M82.50 BMG United States
Infantry mortar
M1 mortar81 mm United States
M29 mortar81 mm United States
Hirtenberger M6C-21060 mm AustriaLight mortar, used by special operations units.
Recoilless rifle
M40 recoilless rifle105 mm United States
M67 recoilless rifleShoulder-launched missile90 mm United States
Rocket-propelled grenade
RPG-7Shoulder-launched missile40 mm Soviet Union
Man-portable air-defense system
MBDA MistralMANPADS FranceSome mounted on Humvee and truck platform.
M101 howitzerTowed105mm Howitzer United StatesThe M2A1 is a modernised M101 version.
Light utility vehicle
Humvee4×4 United States30Around 30 humvees are in use within the Naval Infantry Corps.[26][27][28]
Military truck
M939 Truck6×6 United StatesDonated by the US NAS program in 2003.[29]
Mercedes-Benz Zetros6x6 Germany

See also


  1. "RESDAL - atlas-2014Red de Seguridad y Defensa de América Latina". Archived from the original on 1 March 2018. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  2. Wikisource. "Parte oficial peruano sobre el Combate Naval de Jambeli". Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  3. Nikolay Mityukov. "Zagadka boya v prolivye Hambeli" (Mystery of a skirmish in Jambeli channel), Tekhnika i Vooruzhenie 10/2005, p. 28-31 (in Russian)
  4. Ecuadorian Navy website. "Comandancia de Escuadra". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  5. in Spanish
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 7 January 2012. Retrieved 16 January 2012.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) In Spanish
  7. "BAE Huancavilca SS-102 termino su modernizacion en ASMAR (Chile)". Archived from the original on 16 May 2018. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  8. Ecuadorian Navy website. "FM - 01 Presidente Alfaro". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  9. Ecuadorian Navy website. "CM 11 Esmeraldas". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  10. "Ecuadorian Navy rejoins 'Unitas LIX' exercise". Retrieved 17 July 2019.
  11. Ecuadorian Navy website. "TR - 62 Calicuchima". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  12. Ecuadorian Navy website. "TR - 64 Quisquis". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  13. Ecuadorian Navy website. "RA - 70 R. Chimborazo". Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  14. Ecuadorian Navy website. "L.A.E SIRIUS se incorporó a la Fuerza Naval". Archived from the original on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  15. "Microsoft Word - FUERZA OPERATIVA.docx". Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  16. El Telègrafo. "Seis aviones no tripulados ingresan a filas navales". Archived from the original on 19 July 2011. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  17. "Ecuadorian Navy receives delivery of two Bell 430's from URS" (PDF).
  18. IAI Website. "HERON 1". Archived from the original on 8 September 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  19. IAI Website. "SEARCHER Mk III". Archived from the original on 3 September 2010. Retrieved 30 October 2010.
  20. "Defense & Security Intelligence & Analysis: IHS Jane's - IHS". Archived from the original on 21 July 2009. Retrieved 9 May 2018.
  21. "L'Equateur commande une vedette garde-côte" [Ecuador orders a star Coast Guard]. Mer et Maritime. 16 November 2011. Archived from the original on 20 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011. The Dutch group Damen shipyard and the Ecuadorian Astinave signed with the coastguard service of Ecuador, the order type of a star Stan Patrol 2606.
  22. "Damen Signs Contract to Build Stan Patrol 2606 Boat at Astinave Yard in Ecuador". World Maritime News. 3 November 2011. Archived from the original on 22 April 2012. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
  23. "Astinave contracts Damen for fourth Patrol Vessel". Damen Group. 2 May 2014. Archived from the original on 1 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014. Astilleros Navales Ecuatorianos EP - has recently awarded Damen Shipyards Group the contract for a fourth Patrol Vessel of the Damen Stan Patrol 2606 type. This contract represents the last of this SPa 2606 series for the Ecuadorian Coastguard to be built locally.
  24. "Signing of contract SPa 2606 Ecuador". Damen Group. 2 November 2011. Archived from the original on 29 November 2011. Retrieved 30 November 2011.
  25. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2009. Retrieved 24 April 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  26. "Modelarstwo Plastikowe • Zobacz wÄ…tek - [HUMVEE] /ZakoÅ"czony/ M998 MAPATS Ekwador (1:72)". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  27. "Guнa: HUMVEE - HMMWV (USO MILITAR) - MercadoLibre". 30 January 2008. Archived from the original on 7 March 2012. Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  28. "Country Overview | Just the Facts - U.S. military aid to Latin America and the Caribbean". Retrieved 15 March 2013.
  29. Publicado por Intelligence, Defense, Security Service (3 September 2010). "Intelligence, Defense and Security: ECUADOR RECIBE DONACION DE CAMIONES MILITARES DE EEUU". Retrieved 15 March 2013.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  30. Armada de Chile website Archived 24 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine (in Spanish)
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