Ecuadorian Hairless Dog

The Ecuadorian Hairless Dog (in Spanish: Perro calvo dorado ecuatoriano) is a breed of hairless dog originated from Santa Elena Peninsula in Ecuador. It is now considered the rarest breed of the hairless dogs.[1]

This breed is characterized by an almost total absence of hair on the body and head. It is an elegant animal, with long legs and reaches a height of 15-18 inches. One of the curiosities of the Ecuadorian Hairless Dog is the absence of premolar teeth.


The Ecuadorian Hairless Dog is a descendant of the Peruvian Hairless Dog;[2] having its origins in the neighboring country, it is not considered an official breed, but only a variant of the Peruvian, represented in the Inca pre-Columbian art from 300 B.C. There exist numerous figurines from Valdivia demonstrating a domestication of these animals as early as 4500 B.C. The Ecuadorian bald golden dog differs from the hairless dog of Peru, because the Ecuadorian has the shortest tail and does not have the premolars, the golden one is also because of its coat that turns into gold during the sunsets.

During the Spanish period its number was greatly reduced and confined to the coast of the Gulf of Guayaquil and it is currently one of the rarest breeds of dog.


  1. "Hairless dogs". The canine information library. Retrieved October 22, 2012. One of the most naked-skinned and also rarest of all hairless dog breeds. It has a golden colored skin and long legs. Some authors say it may be a cross between the Peruvian Hairless dog and the Mexican Xoloitzcuinli.
  2. Parker, Heidi G.; Harris, Alexander; Dreger, Dayna L.; Davis, Brian W.; Ostrander, Elaine A. (2017-02-05). "The bald and the beautiful: hairlessness in domestic dog breeds". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 372 (1713). doi:10.1098/rstb.2015.0488. ISSN 0962-8436. PMC 5182420. PMID 27994129.


  • Erwin Patzelt (1989). Fauna of Ecuador. Banco Central del Ecuador. ISBN 9789978720059.
This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.