Ebersberg is the seat of the similarly named Ebersberg Landkreis (district) in the Oberbayern Regierungsbezirk (administrative region) in Bavaria, southern Germany. The Ebersberger Forst (forest) is one of Germany’s largest continuous area of woodlands.
Saint Sebastian Church
Coat of arms
|Coordinates: 48°05′N 11°58′E|
|• Mayor||Walter Brilmayer (CSU)|
|• Total||40.84 km2 (15.77 sq mi)|
|Elevation||558 m (1,831 ft)|
|• Density||300/km2 (780/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Neighbouring communities are Grafing bei München, Kirchseeon and Steinhöring. Bavaria’s capital, Munich, lies 32 km away and may be reached by Munich S-Bahn (S4). Rosenheim and Wasserburg am Inn are about the same distance away.
Ebersberg’s history is closely tied with the nearby Benedictine monastery founded in 934 by the Counts of Sempt. Beginning in the 14th century the monastery exercised local jurisdiction. In 1595, Pope Clement VIII dissolved the monastery and turned its lands over to the Jesuits. On January 18, 1634, during the Thirty Years War, Ebersberg was the site of a skirmish between Habsburg troops and local peasants. The peasants, being poorly armed, were quickly defeated by the Imperial forces and around 200 were killed. Later, the ringleaders were exonerated by local authorities and found they were acting only in self-defense. In 1773, the Knights of Malta took over the building. When the monastery was dissolved for good in 1808, the building went partly to government ownership and partly private.
In 1954, Ebersberg was raised to the status of a 'town'. In 1972 it was connected to Munich by the S-Bahn highway. The once separate municipality of Oberndorf was combined with Ebersberg.
Ebersberg is the only German town that has named a street after a cabaret group (Valtortagasse, after the Gruppo di Valtorta from Ebersberg). Ebersberg’s main cultural institution, the Alte Kino Ebersberg (Old Cinema), is today run by a non-profit governing board whose roots lie in this same Deutscher Kleinkunstpreis-winning group.
Coat of arms
Ebersberg’s civic coat of arms consists of a gold background with a black boar standing on a green three-knolled hill (Dreiberg, in German heraldry) on the shield’s right edge (from the armsbearer’s point of view – the left edge from the viewer’s) sloping upwards.
The town’s website includes a short summary of its history.
- Wallfahrtskirche St. Sebastian (Pilgrimage church): the western portion dates from 1230, the nave and choir originate in the 15th century. From 1770 to 1783 it was remodeled in rococo style. The tomb made of red Salzburg marble at the entrance to the middle nave was made in 1500 by Wolfgang Leb. Among other sights worthy of mention are Sebastian’s Chapel with its baroque stucco work and Saint Sebastian’s reliquary, in the form of a bust, from 1450.
- Town hall (Rathaus): Today’s town hall on the Marienplatz is housed in what was once the monastery tavern.
- The Weiherkette with the Egglburger See (lake) is a favourite outing destination.
- The Ebersberger Aussichtsturm is a tower located near the Museum für Wald und Umwelt
The following luminaries were born in Ebersberg:
- Ignaz Perner (1796–1867), founder of the animal protection movement
- Friedrich Beck (1806-1888), poet and scholar
- Josef Brendle (1888–1954), painter
- Pascalina Lehnert (Josephine Lehnert, 1894-1983), nuns, housekeeper and assistant to Pius XII.
- Ewald Schurer (born 1954), politician (SPD), member of parliament
- Walter Zeller (1929-1995), motorcycle racing driver
- Florian Niederlechner (born 1990), soccer player
Working or living in the village
- Josef Wintrich (1891-1958), jurist, second president of the Bundesverfassungsgericht (1954-1958); was transferred from Munich to Ebersberg as supreme judge in 1933 because of his interest in the many deaths in the Dachau concentration camp,
- Horst Mahler (born 1936), German political activist, former member of the Red Army Faction, lawyer and neo-Nazi, who was repeatedly convicted of incitement, terrorism and robbery, lived in Ebersberg
- "Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes". Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung (in German). July 2019.
- Wilson, Peter. The Thirty Years War. Belknap Press, Harvard University, 2009. Cambridge, Massachusetts. pp. 533.
- Rainer Beck: Ebersberg oder das Ende der Wildnis. Eine Landschaftsgeschichte. Munich, C.H. Beck, 2003. (German)