Eastmain River

The Eastmain River, formerly written East Main, is a river in west central Quebec. It rises in central Quebec and flows 800 km (500 mi) west to James Bay, draining an area of 46,400 km2 (17,900 sq mi). The First Nations Cree village of Eastmain is located beside the mouth.

Eastmain
Eastmain River in Dec. 2005 at the James Bay Road.
Eastmain River original basin in yellow and orange. Diverted basin in orange.
Location
CountryCanada
ProvinceQuebec
RegionJamésie
Physical characteristics
SourceLac Bréhat
  locationBaie-James, Nord-du-Québec, Québec, Canada
  coordinates52°31′30″N 70°52′00″W
  elevation554 m (1,818 ft)
MouthJames Bay
  location
Eastmain, Nord-du-Québec, Quebec, Canada
  coordinates
52°14′30″N 78°34′00″W
  elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length756 km (470 mi)[1]
Basin size46,400 km2 (17,900 sq mi)[1]
Discharge 
  average930 m3/s (33,000 cu ft/s)[1]
Basin features
Tributaries 
  left
  • (upstream) Eau Froide River,
  • Miskimatao River,
  • outlet of lake Sipestikuch,
  • Causabiscau River, Wabistane River,
  • Upstream from Opinaca Reservoir:
  • Acotago River,
  • outlet of lake Kapeykuck Ministiru,
  • Nicolas River, Déry River,
  • Caché Creek, outlet of "Lac de la Marée",
  • Tichégami River,
  • outlet of lakes Chamic and Mistamiquechamic,
  • outlet of lake Clauzel,
  • outlet of lake Lavalette,
  • outlet of lake Cadieux,
  • Saffray River;
  • Upstream of Hécla Lake:
  • outlet of lake Jules-Léger (via Bréhat Lake)
  • Des Quatre-Temps River (via Bréhat Lake.
  right
  • (upstream)
  • La Pêche River (Eastmain),
  • Opinaca River,
  • Kauskatachinu Creek,
  • Kasapawatach Creek, Rapin Creek,
  • Wapatikw Creek,
  • Upstream of Opinaca Reservoir:
  • Wabamisk River,
  • À l'Eau Claire River (Eastmain),
  • outlet of lakes Village,
  • outlet of lake Bauerman,
  • Ross River (Eastmain River),
  • Cauouatstacau River,
  • Misask River;
  • Upstream of Hécla Lake:
  • Du Grand Portage Creek (via Hécla Lake),
  • Léran River (via Hécla Lake)

Name

Eastmain is a compounding of the river's former name East Main,[2] taken from the former Hudson's Bay Company outpost at its mouth, which controlled the HBC's operations in the East Main District on the eastern side of James Bay.

Geography

Since the late 1980s, most of the waters of the Eastmain River have been diverted and flow northwards through the Opinaca Reservoir, with a surface area of about 950 km², and into the Robert-Bourassa Reservoir of Hydro-Québec's La Grande Complex. The remainder of the Eastmain River contains only about 10% of the volume of its former flow, and is now subject to freeze-up in winter (see photo). These changes have affected the Cree and Inuit peoples who live along the Eastmain River and James Bay coast.

A further hydroelectric project on the upper Eastmain River was under construction in 2005. The project was part of the original hydroelectric project provided for by the James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement of 1975. The Eastmain Reservoir will eventually have a surface area of about 600 km² and the Eastmain-1 power plant will generate a maximum of 900 MW.

History

The mouth of the Eastmain was a center of the Hudson Bay Company fur trade. Charles Bayly reached it from Rupert House in the 1670s. After Rupert House was destroyed in 1686, the area was visited by a ship from York Factory. In 1723-24 Joseph Myatt of the Hudson's Bay Company built a post.[3]

See also

References

  1. Atlas of Canada Archived February 2, 2007, at the Wayback Machine (all values of original river prior to hydro-electric development.)
  2. Low, Albert Peter (1896), Report on Explorations in the Labrador Peninsula along the East Main, Koksoak, Hamilton, Manicuagan, and Portions of Other Rivers in 1892-93-94-95, Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa: S.E. Dawson.
  3. Arthur S Morton, A History of the Canadian West to 1870-71, no date, circa 1950


This article is issued from Wikipedia. The text is licensed under Creative Commons - Attribution - Sharealike. Additional terms may apply for the media files.