Eastern Command (India)

The Eastern Command of the Indian Army is one of the six operational commands of the army. It is headquartered in Fort William in the city of Kolkata in the state of West Bengal.[1] Lieutenant General Anil Chauhan is the current commander.[2]

Eastern Command
Eastern Command's insignia today.
Active1920-Present
Country India
Branch Indian Army
TypeCommand
Garrison/HQLucknow (1920-1963)
Kolkata (1963-Present)
Commanders
Current
commander
Lt. Gen Anil Chauhan, UYSM, AVSM, VSM, SM
Notable
commanders
Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw
General Paramasiva Prabhakar Kumaramangalam
Lieutenant General S. P. P. Thorat
General Arun Shridhar Vaidya
General Vishwa Nath Sharma
General Vijay Kumar Singh
General Bikram Singh
General Dalbir Singh Suhag

History

The Presidency armies were abolished with effect from 1 April 1895 when the three Presidency armies became the Indian Army.[3] The Indian Army was divided into four Commands (Bengal Command, Bombay Command, Madras Command and Punjab Command) each under a lieutenant general.[3]

In 1908, the four commands were merged into two Armies (Northern Army and Southern Army): this system persisted until 1920 when the arrangement reverted to four commands again (Eastern Command, Northern Command, Southern Command and Western Command).[3]

Prior to 1 May 1963 Lucknow was the headquarters of the Eastern Command; when Central Command was re-established on that date, due to the Chinese aggression of 1962, Lucknow became HQ of Central Command instead.[4]

Components

List of Commanders

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command

Rank Name Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission References
Lieutenant General Sir Havelock Hudson November 1920 February 1924 Northamptonshire Regiment, 19th Lancers [7]
Lieutenant General Sir George Barrow February 1924 April 1928 Connaught Rangers, 35th Scinde Horse
Lieutenant General Sir John Shea April 1928 April 1932 Royal Irish Regiment, 5th Bengal Lancers
Lieutenant General Sir Norman MacMullen April 1932 April 1936 Unattached
Lieutenant General Sir Douglas Baird April 1936 April 1940 Unattached

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Army

Rank Name Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission References
Lieutenant General Sir Charles Broad April 1940 July 1942 Royal Field Artillery
Lieutenant General Noel Irwin Jul 1942 May 1943 Essex Regiment
Lieutenant General Sir George Giffard May 1943 October 1943 Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command

Rank Name Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission References
Lieutenant General Sir Mosley Mayne October 1943 December 1944 13th Duke of Connaught's Own Lancers
Lieutenant General Sir Richard O'Connor January 1945 October 1945 Cameronians
Lieutenant General Sir Arthur Smith October 1945 January 1946 Coldstream Guards
Lieutenant General Sir Francis Tuker January 1946 1947 Royal Sussex Regiment, 2nd Gurkha Rifles

General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Eastern Command (Indian Army)

Rank Name Appointment Date Left Office Unit of Commission References
Lieutenant General Thakur Nathu Singh March 1947 February 1953 Rajput Regiment [8]
Lieutenant General Sant Singh February 1953 September 1956 1/14th Punjab
Lieutenant General K S Thimayya October 1956 March 1957 19th Hyderabad Regiment (Kumaon Regiment)
Lieutenant General S P P Thorat May 1957 May 1961 1/14 Punjab [9][10]
Lieutenant General Lionel Protip Sen May 1961 April 1963 10th Baluch Regiment
Lieutenant General P P Kumaramangalam May 1963 November 1963 Regiment of Artillery
Lieutenant General T. B. Henderson Brooks November 1963 March 1964 Maratha Light Infantry
Lieutenant General P P Kumaramangalam April 1964 November 1964 Regiment of Artillery
Lieutenant General Sam Manekshaw November 1964 June 1969 12th Frontier Force Regiment, 8 Gorkha Rifles
Lieutenant General J S Arora June 1969 February 1973 2nd Punjab Regiment, Punjab Regiment
Lieutenant General N C Rawlley February 1973 July 1974 Brigade of the Guards
Lieutenant General J F R Jacob August 1974 July 1978 Regiment of Artillery
Lieutenant General E A Vas August 1978 May 1981 9 Gorkha Rifles
Lieutenant General A S Vaidya June 1981 Aug 1983 9th Deccan Horse
Lieutenant General K Chiman Singh August 1983 January 1986 Rajputana Rifles
Lieutenant General J K Puri February 1986 May 1987 Regiment of Artillery
Lieutenant General V N Sharma June 1987 April 1988 16th Light Cavalry, 66th Armoured Regiment [11]
Lieutenant General R M Vohra May 1988 May 1990 4th Horse (Hodson's Horse)
Lieutenant General K S Brar June 1990 September 1992 Maratha Light Infantry [12]
Lieutenant General Jameel Mahmood October 1992 May 1993 Regiment of Artillery
Lieutenant General R N Batra June 1993 February 1996 Regiment of Artillery
Lieutenant General Ravi Eipe March 1996 February 1998 Rajput Regiment
Lieutenant General H R S Kalkat April 1998 July 2002 Maratha Light Infantry
Lieutenant General J S Verma August 2002 December 2004
Lieutenant General Arvind Sharma January 2005 December 2006 Gorkha Rifles [13][14][15]
Lieutenant General K S Jamwal January 2007 February 2008 Regiment of Artillery [16][17]
Lieutenant General V K Singh 1 March 2008 31 March 2010 Rajput Regiment [18]
Lieutenant General Bikram Singh 1 April 2010 30 April 2012 Sikh Light Infantry [19]
Lieutenant General Dalbir Singh Suhag 16 June 2012 31 December 2013 4/5 Gorkha Rifles
Lieutenant General M M S Rai 1 January 2014 31 July 2015 Bombay Sappers
Lieutenant General Praveen Bakshi 1 August 2015 31 July 2017 Skinner's Horse
Lieutenant General Abhay Krishna 1 August 2017 25 September 2018 Rajputana Rifles [20]
Lieutenant General M M Naravane 25 September 2018 31 August 2019 Sikh Light Infantry [21]
Lieutenant General Anil Chauhan 01 September 2019 Incumbent 11 Gorkha Rifles [22]

Notes

  1. "Eastern Command". Indian Army. Archived from the original on 2 May 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
  2. "Lt. Gen. Naravane appointed Eastern Army Commander". The Hindu. 25 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  3. "Northern Army". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 4 January 2010.
  4. "Central Command Raising Day concludes". The Times of India. 3 May 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2013.
  5. "Eye on China, India to raise second division for mountain corps". The Indian Express. 17 March 2017. Archived from the original on 17 March 2017. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  6. "The mountain is now a molehill". Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2017.
  7. Army Commands Archived 5 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine
  8. "Eastern Command History".
  9. "From Henderson to Subrahmanyam: Army to be Blamed. And Political Leaders". www.satp.org. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  10. "The Two Myths of 1962 | Institute for Defence Studies and Analyses". idsa.in. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  11. India, Anuj Bhargava - World Information Pages (Website Designing, Creation, Maintenance, Hosting, Search Engine Submission, Promotion), Indore, MP,. "Somnath Sharma, Sam Manekshaw, Amitabh Bachchan, Old Sherwoodians Sherwood College, Nainital - Alumni". www.oldsherwoodians.com. Archived from the original on 24 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  12. "Indian Army: Charges of incompetence among senior officers undermined the Eastern Command". Archived from the original on 23 March 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  13. "Press Information Bureau". Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  14. "New Vice Chief of Army Staff Appointed in India". Arab News. 1 January 2005. Archived from the original on 17 December 2012. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  15. "The Hindu : National : New Vice-Chief of Army Staff". www.thehindu.com. Archived from the original on 16 February 2005. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  16. "K S Jamwal is new GoC-in-C, Eastern Command". Zee News. 4 January 2007. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  17. "Lt Gen Kapoor to be new VCOAS; Panag, Jamwal to head N, E Cmds". www.oneindia.com. Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  18. "Army chief gets his way, Panag shifted out of J&K - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 January 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  19. "Press Information Bureau". Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  20. "Press Information Bureau". Archived from the original on 23 October 2017. Retrieved 23 October 2017.
  21. "Lt. Gen. Naravane appointed Eastern Army Commander". The Hindu. 25 September 2018. Retrieved 28 September 2018.
  22. "Lieutenant General Anil Chauhan takes over as Eastern Army Commander".

Further reading

  • Richard A. Renaldi and Ravi Rikhe, 'Indian Army Order of Battle,' Orbat.com for Tiger Lily Books: A division of General Data LLC, ISBN 978-0-9820541-7-8, 2011.
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