East Cornwall (UK Parliament constituency)
|Former County constituency|
for the House of Commons
|Number of members||Two|
|Replaced by||Bodmin, Launceston and St Austell|
|Created from||Cornwall, Bossiney, Callington, Camelford, East Looe, Lostwithiel, St Germans, Saltash and West Looe|
In 1832 the county of Cornwall, in south west England, was split for parliamentary purposes into two county divisions. These were the East division (with a place of election at Bodmin) and West Cornwall (where voting took place at Truro). Each division returned two members to Parliament.
In 1885 this division was abolished, when the East and West Cornwall county divisions were replaced by six new single-member county constituencies. These were Bodmin (the South-Eastern division), Camborne (North-Western division), Launceston (North-Eastern division), St Austell (Mid division), St Ives (the Western division) and Truro. In addition the last remaining Cornish borough constituency was Penryn and Falmouth.
Members of Parliament
|Election||First member||First party||Second member||Second party|
|1832||Sir William Molesworth, Bt||Radical||Sir William Salusbury-Trelawny, Bt||Whig|
|1837||Lord Eliot||Conservative||Sir Hussey Vivian, Bt||Whig|
|1845 by-election||William Pole-Carew||Conservative|
|1868||Sir John Salusbury-Trelawney, Bt||Liberal||Edward Brydges Willyams||Liberal|
|1874||Sir Colman Rashleigh, Bt||Liberal||John Tremayne||Conservative|
|1880||Hon. Thomas Agar-Robartes||Liberal||William Copeland Borlase||Liberal|
|1882 by-election||Thomas Dyke Acland||Liberal|
Elections in the 1830s
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing|
Elections in the 1840s
|Conservative gain from Whig||Swing|
Eliot was elevated to the peerage, becoming 3rd Earl of St Germans and causing a by-election.
|Whig gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1850s
|Turnout||4,597 (est)||80.7 (est)||N/A|
|Liberal gain from Whig|
Elections in the 1860s
|Liberal||Edward Brydges Willyams||Unopposed|
|Liberal gain from Conservative|
Elections in the 1870s
|Turnout||6,374 (est)||71.0 (est)||N/A|
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||N/A|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||William Copeland Borlase||3,883||29.1|
|Turnout||6,669 (est)||72.9 (est)|
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing|
Robartes was elevated to the peerage, becoming Lord Robartes.
|Liberal||Thomas Dyke Acland||3,720||51.4||−7.8|
- Writing about differences in dialects within Cornwall Thomas Q. Couch wrote in 1880: "If asked to define roughly a boundary, I know none better than the Parliamentary line from Crantock Bay, on St. George's Channel, to Veryan Bay, on the English Channel, which bisects the county."
- Smith (1844) The Parliaments of England
- Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. pp. 36–37. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
- Churton, Edward (1838). The Assembled Commons or Parliamentary Biographer: 1838. p. 161. Retrieved 15 November 2018 – via Google Books.
- Dod, Charles Roger; Dod, Robert Phipps (1847). Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Volume 15. Dod's Parliamentary Companion. p. 209. Retrieved 15 November 2018 – via Google Books.
- "Newcastle Journal". 6 September 1845. p. 2. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The Elections—Sunderland and Southwark". Coventry Herald. 5 September 1845. p. 4. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Intelligence". Bristol Mirror. 15 July 1837. p. 1. Retrieved 25 March 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Election Movements". The Examiner. 24 July 1847. pp. 8–10. Retrieved 29 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "The General Election". Morning Post. 24 July 1847. p. 3. Retrieved 29 July 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "East Cornwall Election". The Cornishman (92). 15 April 1880. p. 6.
- Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)
|url=(help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. pp. 364–365. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
- "General Election". London Evening Standard. 9 July 1841. p. 4. Retrieved 5 April 2019 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "Cornwall". Cornish & Devon Post. 3 April 1880. pp. 3–4. Retrieved 19 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- "East Cornwall Election". The Cornishman. 195 (185). 6 April 1882. p. 7.
- Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
- British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
- The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
- Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "C" (part 6)