Early Works (film)

Early Works (Serbian: Rani Radovi, Serbian Cyrillic: Рани радови) is a 1969 Yugoslavian film by Serbian author Želimir Žilnik. It critically depicts the aftermath of the 1968 student demonstrations in Yugoslavia.[1] It won the Golden Bear at the 19th Berlin International Film Festival in 1969.[2]

Early Works
Directed byŽelimir Žilnik
Written byBranko Vučićević
Želimir Žilnik
Release date
  • 1969 (1969)
Running time
79 minutes

The title was borrowed from the popular anthology of the early work by Marx and Engels published first in Yugoslavia in 1953. These early texts had a significant influence on the development of the Yugoslav Praxis School of philosophy. The title was chosen ironically[3] as a comment on the discrepancy between the theory, as expressed by Marx and Engels in their work, and practice, as implemented by the Soviet Union and other countries of real socialism.




  1. Aleksic, Tatjana (2013). The Sacrificed Body: Balkan Community Building and the Fear of Freedom. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 110−111.
  2. "Berlinale 1969: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-07.
  3. Levi, Pavle (2007). Disintegration in Frames: Aesthetics and Ideology in the Yugoslav and Post-Yugoslav Cinema. Stanford University Press. pp. 34–35. Želimir Žilnik's Early Works [...]—a 1969 film literally, but this time ironically, titled after Marx's writings
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