Earl of Portsmouth

Earl of Portsmouth is a title in the Peerage of Great Britain. It was created in 1743 for John Wallop, 1st Viscount Lymington, who had previously represented Hampshire in the House of Commons. He had already been created Baron Wallop, of Farleigh Wallop in Hampshire in the County of Southampton, and Viscount Lymington, in 1720, also in the Peerage of Great Britain.

Earldom of Portsmouth
Wallop arms: Argent, a bend wavy sable
Crest : A mermaid holding in the sinister hand a mirror and in the dexter a comb all proper
supporters : On either side a chamois or wild goat sable
Creation date11 April 1743
MonarchGeorge II
PeeragePeerage of Great Britain
First holderJohn Wallop, 1st Earl of Portsmouth
Present holderQuentin Wallop, 10th Earl of Portsmouth
Heir apparentOliver Henry Rufus Wallop, Viscount Lymington
Remainder to1st Earl's heirs male of the body lawfully begotten.
Subsidiary titlesViscount Lymington
Baron Wallop
Hereditary Bailiff of Burley, New Forest
Seat(s)Farleigh Wallop
Former seat(s)Hurtsbourne Park
Manor of Eggesford
MottoEN SUIVANT LA VERITÉ
(In following the truth)

The third Earl declared himself King of Hampshire and his brother had him declared insane.[2]

The fourth Earl represented Andover and Devonshire North in Parliament. In 1794, he assumed by Royal licence for himself and his issue the surname and arms of Fellowes only.

The fifth Earl resumed, without Royal licence, the family surname and arms of Wallop.

The sixth Earl represented Barnstaple in Parliament as a Liberal.

Oliver Henry Wallop, the eighth Earl, had moved from England to the United States, and been living the life of a rancher in Sheridan, Wyoming, at the time of the death of his older brother, the seventh Earl. Known as O.H. Wallop, he had served two terms a state representative in the Wyoming Legislature.[3] He had become an American citizen in 1891, and was allowed to take his seat in the House of Lords only after renouncing American citizenship.[4]

The ninth Earl sat as Conservative Member of Parliament for Basingstoke.

The current holder is Quentin Wallop, 10th Earl of Portsmouth, who succeeded in 1984, is the only son of Oliver Kintzing Wallop, Viscount Lymington (1923–1984).

The American politician Malcolm Wallop was a grandson of the 8th Earl.

The family seat is Farleigh House, near Basingstoke, Hampshire.

Earls of Portsmouth (1743)

The heir apparent is the present holder's son Oliver Henry Rufus Wallop, Viscount Lymington (b. 1981). As of 22 March 2016, Viscount Lymington is engaged to Flora Pownall. [5]

Further reading

  • Watney, V., History of the Wallop Family, 4 Vols.
  • Foyster, E., The Trials of the King of Hampshire: Madness, Secrecy and Betrayal in Georgian England.

Notes

  1. Debrett's Peerage, 1968, p.900
  2. "Neighbors Put Out Over Losing Cowpuncher Friend, Who Is to Become Earl", Pittsburgh Press, September 9, 1925, p10; "Wyoming Cowboy Is Earl of Portsmouth, Inheriting the Title of Brother in England", New York Times, September 9, 1925, p1
  3. "Earl of Portsmouth Quits Wyoming Ranch; Ends American Citizenship of 42 Years", New York Times, April 8, 1933, p31
  4. "Viscount Lymington to marry Flora Pownall". Peerage News.

References

  • Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990,
  • Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages
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