Earl of Orford

Earl of Orford is a title that has been created three times.

The first creation came in the Peerage of England in 1697 in when the naval commander Admiral of the Fleet Edward Russell was made Earl of Orford, in the County of Suffolk. He was created Baron of Shingay, in the County of Cambridge, and Viscount Barfleur at the same time, also in the Peerage of England. A member of the influential Russell family, he was the son of the Honourable Edward Russell, a younger son of Francis Russell, 4th Earl of Bedford and younger brother of William Russell, 1st Duke of Bedford (see Duke of Bedford for earlier history of the Russell family). Lord Orford had no children and the titles became extinct on his death in 1727.[1]

The title was created again in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1742 for Sir Robert Walpole, regarded as the de facto first Prime Minister of Great Britain, who at the same time was created Viscount Walpole and Baron Walpole of Houghton. The titles became extinct on the death of the 4th Earl in 1797.

It was created a third time in the Peerage of the United Kingdom in 1806 for Horatio Walpole, 4th Baron Walpole of Walpole, a cousin of the 4th Earl of the 2nd creation.[2][3] The title Earl of Orford became extinct on the death of the 5th Earl in 1931, though the titles Baron Walpole of Walpole and Baron Walpole of Wolterton were inherited by a distant cousin.

Earls of Orford, first creation (1697)

Family tree

Russell family tree: Earls and Dukes of Bedford
John Russell,
1st Baron Russell,
1st Earl of Bedford

Francis Russell,
2nd Earl of Bedford

Baron Russell of Thornhaugh
Edward Russell,
Lord Russell
John Russell,
Lord Russell
Sir Francis Russell,
Lord Russell
William, 1st Baron Russell
of Thornhaugh

Edward Russell,
3rd Earl of Bedford

Francis, 2nd Baron Russell
of Thornhaugh,
4th Earl of Bedford

William Russell,
5th Earl of Bedford,
1st Duke of Bedford

Hon. Edward Russell
Francis Russell,
Lord Russell
William Russell,
Lord Russell

Attainted & executed for treason
Lady Margaret Russell
Edward Russell,
1st Earl of Orford

Wriothesley Russell,
2nd Duke of Bedford

Wriothesley Russell,
3rd Duke of Bedford

John Russell,
4th Duke of Bedford


This tree goes only as far as the death of the Earl of Orford and contains his ancestors and contemporaries. For further tree descendants, see Duke of Bedford.

Earls of Orford, second creation (1742)

Earls of Orford, third creation (1806)

See also


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