ESA Scientific Research on the International Space Station

The following page is a list of scientific research that is currently underway or has been previously studied on the International Space Station by the European Space Agency.

ESA reported ISS Research and Science Activity

ESA's scientific programme for Life and Physical Sciences is defined by and originates from ELIPS: European Programme for Life and Physical Sciences

[1][2][3]

Life Sciences

Biology

  • Characterisation of the effects of microgravity on the mechanism of action of Vitamin D in Osteoblasts (VITAMIND)[4]
  • Embryonic development of amphibians in weightlessness (AQUARIUS)[5]
  • ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression (ROALD)[6]

Cardiovascular Function

  • A model for investigating mechanisms of heart disease and mechanisms of activation of sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (CARD)[7]

A description of the experiment and the performance status is given in ESA's Erasmus Experiment Archive (EEA) and in addition a condensed account of the experiment's aim and foundation has been provided in ESA's Human Spaceflight Science Newsletter no.1, 2010. The experiment needs 8-10 human test subjects for medical statistics reasons, for it to be completed. The experiment tests two hypotheses that are based on a more than two decades long research in understanding the reaction of the cardiovascular system to exposure to microgravity. The responses that can be observed in Space in the areas of adjustment of blood pressure, resistance in the circulation, tissue fluid filling and urine excretion, etc. do not fit completely with theories. Thus, the new theories for how the observable reactions could be explained.

  • Blood pressure circadian rhythms in weightlessness (BMI)[8]
  • Blood pressure Measurement Instrument (BMI)[9]
  • CARDIOCOG-2[10][11][12]
  • Cardiovascular adaptation to weightlessness (RHYTHM)[13]
  • Effects of microgravity on the peripheral subcutaneous veno-arteriolar reflex in humans. (XENON-1)[14]
  • Measurement of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration and blood flow to obtain heart rate variability, blood pressure variability and blood distribution. (SPACE RHYTHMS)[15]
  • One-day (24-hour) pattern of blood pressure and heart rate in weightlessness (CIRCA)[16]
  • Physiological parameters that predict orthostatic intolerance after spaceflight (AORTA)[17][18]
  • Physiological Parameters That Predict Orthostatic Intolerance After Spaceflight (HEART)[19]
  • Studies of airway inflammation during space flight (NOA-1)[20][21]
  • Studies of venous gas emboli during extravehicular activity procedures (NOA-2)[22]
  • Study of the evolution of cardiovascular deconditioning phenomena under weightless conditions (CARDIOSCIENCE)[23]

Cell and Molecular Biology

  • Bone cell mechanosensitivity in weightlessness (FLOW)[24]
  • Chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes of astronauts (CHROMOSOME)[25]
  • Chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes of astronauts (CHROMOSOMES)[26]
  • CHROMOSOME-2[27][28][29][30]
  • Cosmic radiation and microgravity related oxidative stress (RAMIROS)[31]
  • Effects of microgravity on expression of calcium channels in myocyte - MYOCYTE[32]
  • Expression of microbial genes in space (GENE)[33]
  • Fischer Rat Thyroid Low serum 5% (FRTL5)[34]
  • Microbiological Experiment on Space Station About Gene Expression (MESSAGE)[35][36]
  • Natural killer cell activity in microgravity - NKA[37]
  • Signalling through Rho GTPases in microgravity (RHO SIGNALLING)[38]
  • Yeast In No Gravity - Part 1 (YING-A)[39]
  • Yeast In No Gravity - Part 2 (YING-B)[40]

Developmental Biology

  • Effects of the gravity altered environment on Drosophilia motility, behaviour and ageing (AGEING)[41]
  • First International C.elegans Experiment: Physiological and genomic study of a nematode worm in space (ICE-first)[42]
  • The antibody V(D)J recombination machinery in normal and altered gravity - AMPHIBODY[43]

Education

  • A demonstration of Newton's Three Laws of Motion (VIDEO-2)[44]
  • Amateur Radio on ISS (ARISS)[45]
  • A test of the basic principles of mechanics (THEBAS)[46]
  • Determination of the effect of gravity on the development of a colony of bacteria (WINOGRAD)[47]
  • DVD 4[48]
  • Electronic - Learning (E-Learning)[49]
  • Erasmus Recording Binocular 2 (ERB-2)[50]
  • Erasmus Recording Binocular (ERB)[51]
  • Neo-Cartilage Formation in Microgravity Environment (CHONDRO)[52]
  • Seeds in Space (SEEDS)[53]
  • Study of output of bacterial fuel cells in weightlessness (BugNRG)[54]
  • Study of the behaviour of a rigid body rotating around its centre of mass (APIS)[55]
  • VIDEO-3 (VI3): Filmed demonstrations of the effects of weightlessness on the human body.[56]

Endocrinology and Metabolism

  • Cell-Cell Interaction of Monocytes and T-Lymphocytes in microgravity - MIA[57]
  • IMMUNO[58]
  • Nerve Growth Factor (NGF)[59]
  • Neuroendocrine and immune responses in humans during and after long-term stay at ISS (IMMUNO)[60][61]
  • Role of weightlessness on actin metabolism in mammalian cells (ACTIN)[62]
  • Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO)[63][64][65][66]

Exobiology

  • Dosimetry for biological experiments in space (DOBIES)[67]
  • Molecular adaptation strategies of micro-organisms to different space and planetary UV climate conditions (ADAPT)[68]
  • EXPOSE - astrobiology experiments (EXPOSE-R and EXPOSE-E).[69]
  • PRebiotic Organic ChEmistry on Space Station (PROCESS)[70]
  • Resistance of lichens and lithic fungi at space conditions (LIFE)[71]
  • Resistance of spacecraft isolates to outer space for planetary protection purposes (PROTECT)[72]
  • Testing the plant seed as a terrestrial model for panspermia vehicle and as a source for universal UV screens (SEEDS)[73]

Fluid Balance and Kidney Function

  • Renal stone risk during spaceflight: Assessment and countermeasure validation (RENAL STONE)[74]

Human Factors

  • Cardiac Adapted Sleep Parameters Electrocardiogram Recorder (CASPER)[75]
  • Cultural determinants of performance and error management at the International Space Station (CULT)[76][77]

Human Physiology

  • Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag)[78]
  • Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight (ENERGY)[79]
  • Bone Proteomics (BOP)[80]
  • Otolith Assessment During Postflight Re-adaptation (Otolith)[81]
  • Physiological analysis of skin in space (SKIN)[82]
  • SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO)[83]
  • The effect of gravitational context on EEG dynamics: A study of spatial cognition, novelty processing and sensorimotor integration (NEUROSPAT)[84]
  • Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (Spin)[85]

Immunology and Haematology

  • Blood and Oxidative Stress[86]
  • Effects of microgravity on the haemopoietic system: A study on neocytolysis (NEOCYTOLYSIS)[87]
  • Monitoring Latent Virus Reactivation and Shedding in Crewmembers (VIRUS)[88]
  • PAthway DIfferent ACtivators (PADIAC)[89]
  • Role of interleukin-2 receptor in signal transduction and gravisensing threshold of T-lymphocytes (LEUKIN)[90]
  • Space flight induced reactivation of latent Epstein-Barr virus (EPSTEIN-BARR)[91]
  • The influence of weightlessness on the activation of NF-κB protein (KAPPA)[92]

Medicine/Health

  • Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment (CARD)[93]
  • Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag)
  • SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO)

Microbiology

  • Bacteria Adaptation to Space Environment - Part 1 (BASE-A)[94]
  • Microbial Growth Kinetics Under Conditions of Microgravity (Biokin)[95]
  • Microbial life in Space: Response to environmental factors in a space vehicle (MICROSPACE)[96]
  • Molecular and physiological analysis of bacterial samples isolated from manned spacecraft (SAMPLE)[97]
  • SAMPLE[98]
  • Study of the composition, physiology and possible adaptation of microbial communities exposed to weightlessness (SAMPLE)[99]

Muscle/skeletal system

  • Crews Health: Investigation on Reduced Operability (CHIRO)[100]
  • Hand Posture Analyser (HPA)[101]
  • Low Back Pain[102]
  • Low back pain (MUSCLE)[103]
  • Neo-Cartilage Formation in Microgravity Environment (CHONDRO)[104]
  • Response to microgravity of adult stem cells and osteoprogenitors from bone marrow - STROMA 2[105]
  • Study of lower back pain in astronauts during spaceflight (MUSCLE)[106]

Neurobiology

  • Crickets In Space 2 (CRISP-2)[107]
  • The effect of gravitational context on EEG dynamics: A study of spatial cognition, novelty processing and sensorimotor integration (NEUROSPAT)[108]

Neuroscience

  • An investigation of space radiation effects on the functional state of the central nervous system and an operator's working capacity (ALTEINO)[109]
  • Cognitive process for 3-D orientation perception and navigation in weightlessness (COGNI)[110]
  • Directed attention brain potentials in virtual 3D space in weightlessness (NEUROCOG)[111][112]
  • Eye Tracking Device (ETD)[113][114]

[115] [116]

  • Mental Representation of Spatial Cues During Space Flight (3D-Space)[117]
  • Motion perception: Vestibular adaptation to G-transitions (MOP)[118][119]
  • On the contribution of visceral receptors to the sense of subjective vertical[120]
  • Sleep-wake actigraphy and light exposure during spaceflight (SLEEP)[121]
  • Stress, cognition and physiological response during spaceflight. (COGNISPACE)[122]

Plant Biology and Physiology

  • Agrospace Experiments Suite[123]
  • Arabidopsis Thaliana in Space: Perception of Gravity, Signal Transduction and Graviresponse in Higher Plants (AT-Space)[124]
  • Effects of the space environment on the nuclear structure and function of plant root meristematic cells grown in microgravity (ROOT)[125]
  • Influence of gravity on the cytoskeleton and the determination of the division plane in plants (TUBUL)[126]
  • Study into interaction of effect of light and gravity on the growth processes of plants (GraPhoBox)[127]
  • Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing (GRAVI 1)[128]
  • Vine In Near Orbit (VINO)[129]
  • Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels (WAICO)[130]
  • TROPI, or "Analysis of a Novel Sensory Mechanism in Root Phototropism"
  • Zucchini plant grown for research - [131]

Psychological aspects

  • Special Event Meals (SEM)[132]

Radiation Biology

Respiratory Function

  • Cardiorespiratory adaptation to the space environment (CARDIORESPIR)[143]
  • ESANO-1[144]
  • ESANO-2[145]

Physical Sciences

Aggregation Phenomena

Atmospheric physics

Combustion

  • Combustion synthesis under microgravity conditions (COSMIC)[150]

Earth observation

  • Earth Viewing Camera (EVC)[151]
  • Observation of environmental phenomena (IMEDIAS)[152]

Education

  • A demonstration of physical phenomena in space. (VIDEO)[153]
  • Amateur Radio on ISS (ARISS)[154][155][156][157]
  • Earth Viewing Camera (EVC)[158]
  • Electrostatic Self-Assembly Demonstration (ESD)[159]
  • Oil emulsion experiment[160]

Electromagnetics

  • SOLar Auto-Calibrating EUV/UV Spectrophotometers (SOLACES)

[161]

  • SOLar SPECtral Irradiance Measurements (SOLSPEC)[162]
  • SOlar Variable and Irradiance Monitor (SOVIM)[163]

Fluid physics

  • Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument-Influence of VIbrations on DIffusion of Liquids (SODI-IVIDIL)[164]
  • Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity (Geoflow)[165]

Foams

  • Foam Casting and Utilization in Space (FOCUS)Foam Casting and Utilization in Space (FOCUS)[166]
  • Foam-Stability (Foam-Stability)[167]

Fundamental physics

  • Influence of mass transport and surface growth processes on protein crystal perfection (PCDF/PROTEIN)[168]

Metal alloys

  • Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions (CETSOL and MICAST)[169]

Morphological Stability and Microstructures

  • Study of aggregation mechanism and kinetics of ZSM-5 and Silicalite-1 nanoslabs into ZSM-5 / Silicalite-1 hybrid phases under microgravity conditions (NANOSLAB)[170]
  • Study of the structure and morphology of zeogrids obtained under microgravity conditions (ZEOGRID)[171]

Plasma physics

Properties of organic compounds

  • Diffusion coefficients in crude oils (DCCO)[178]

Protein Crystal Growth

  • Defects in biomolecular crystals induced by growth in space and on Earth (PROMISS)[179]
  • Granada Crystallisation Facility (GCF)[180]
  • PROMISS-4[181]

Radiation dosimetry

Solution Growth

  • Study of aggregation mechanism and kinetics of ZSM-5 and Silicate-1 nanoslabs into ZSM-5/Silicate-1 hybrid phases under near weightless conditions (NANOSLAB)[190]

Space Technology

  • Evaluation of a multi-purpose bag specially designed to assist an astronaut to manipulate objects in a weightless environment (MIRSUPIO)[191]
  • Functional in-orbit test of a new integrated crew garment system (VEST)[192]
  • Heat transfer performances of a grooved heat pipe (HEAT)[193]
  • Mouse Telemeter: Calibration of STAR accelerometers (MOT)[194]
  • Study of particle spectra and their influence on advanced components (SPICA-S)[195]
  • Tactile display aided orientation awareness (SUIT)[196]

Technology

  • 3D Camera (3DC)[197]
  • Analysis Experimentation Implementation Algorithms[198]
  • Electric Nose Monitoring (ENM)[199]
  • Electronics Space Test (EST)[200]
  • Erasmus Recording Binocular 2 (ERB-2)[201]
  • Erasmus Recording Binocular (ERB)[202]
  • Esperimento di Navigazione per Evento Italiano Dimostrativo di EGNOS (ENEIDE)[203]
  • EuTEMP[204]
  • Food Tray in Space (FTS)[205]
  • Garments for Orbital Activities in weightLessness (GOAL) and Vestibular Adaptation to G-Transitions: Motion Perception (GOAL/MOP)[206]
  • Heart Beat Monitoring (HBM)[207]
  • Low Altitude Zone Ionising Observatory (LAZIO)[208]
  • Specular Point-like Quick Reference (SPQR)[209]

References

  1. "ESA ISS Increment Summary Reviews (2007)". European Space Agency. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  2. "ESA Human Spaceflight Science Newsletter". European Space Agency. Retrieved 19 March 2010.
  3. "Erasmus Experiment Archive: SPACE STATIONS MISSIONS". European Space Agency. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  4. Characterisation of the effects of microgravity on the mechanism of action of Vitamin D in Osteoblasts (VITAMIN D) - ESA
  5. Embryonic development of amphibians in weightlessness (AQUARIUS) - ESA
  6. ROle of Apoptosis in Lymphocyte Depression (ROALD) - ESA
  7. A model for investigating mechanisms of heart disease and mechanisms of activation of sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (CARD) - ESA
  8. Blood pressure circadian rhythms in weightlessness (BMI) - ESA
  9. Blood pressure Measurement Instrument (BMI) - ESA
  10. CARDIOCOG-2 - ESA
  11. CARDIOCOG-2 - ESA
  12. CARDIOCOG-2 - ESA
  13. Cardiovascular adaptation to weightlessness (RHYTHM) - ESA
  14. Effects of microgravity on the peripheral subcutaneous veno-arteriolar reflex in humans. (XENON-1) - ESA
  15. Measurement of heart rate, blood pressure, respiration and blood flow to obtain heart rate variability, blood pressure variability and blood distribution. (SPACE RHYTHMS) - ESA
  16. One-day (24-hour) pattern of blood pressure and heart rate in weightlessness (CIRCA) - ESA
  17. Physiological parameters that predict orthostatic intolerance after spaceflight (AORTA) - ESA
  18. Physiological parameters that predict orthostatic intolerance after spaceflight (AORTA) - ESA
  19. Physiological Parameters That Predict Orthostatic Intolerance After Spaceflight (HEART) - ESA
  20. Studies of airway inflammation during space flight (NOA-1) - ESA
  21. Studies of airway inflammation during space flight (NOA-1) - ESA
  22. Studies of venous gas emboli during extravehicular activity procedures (NOA-2) - ESA
  23. Study of the evolution of cardiovascular deconditioning phenomena under weightless conditions (CARDIOSCIENCE) - ESA
  24. Bone cell mechanosensitivity in weightlessness (FLOW) - ESA
  25. Chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes of astronauts (CHROMOSOME) - ESA
  26. Chromosomal aberrations in blood lymphocytes of astronauts (CHROMOSOMES) - ESA
  27. CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  28. CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  29. CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  30. CHROMOSOME-2 - ESA
  31. Cosmic radiation and microgravity related oxidative stress (RAMIROS) - ESA
  32. Effects of microgravity on expression of calcium channels in myocyte - MYOCYTE - ESA
  33. Expression of microbial genes in space (GENE) - ESA
  34. Fischer Rat Thyroid Low serum 5% (FRTL5) - ESA
  35. Microbiological Experiment on Space Station About Gene Expression (MESSAGE) - ESA
  36. Microbiological Experiment on Space Station About Gene Expression (MESSAGE) - ESA
  37. Natural killer cell activity in microgravity - NKANatural killer cell activity in microgravity - NKA - ESA
  38. Signalling through Rho GTPases in microgravity (RHO SIGNALLING) - ESA
  39. Yeast In No Gravity - Part 1 (YING-A) - ESA
  40. Yeast In No Gravity - Part 2 (YING-B) - ESA
  41. Effects of the gravity altered environment on Drosophilia motility, behaviour and ageing (AGEING) - ESA
  42. First International C.elegans Experiment: Physiological and genomic study of a nematode worm in space (ICE-first) - ESA
  43. The antibody V(D)J recombination machinery in normal and altered gravity - AMPHIBODY - ESA
  44. A demonstration of Newton´s Three Laws of Motion (VIDEO-2) - ESA
  45. Amateur Radio on ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  46. A test of the basic principles of mechanics (THEBAS) - ESA
  47. Determination of the effect of gravity on the development of a colony of bacteria (WINOGRAD) - ESA
  48. DVD 4 - ESA
  49. Electronic - Learning (E-Learning) - ESA
  50. Erasmus Recording Binocular 2 (ERB-2) - ESA
  51. Erasmus Recording Binocular (ERB) - ESA
  52. Neo-Cartilage Formation in Microgravity Environment (CHONDRO) - ESA
  53. Seeds in Space (SEEDS) - ESA
  54. Study of output of bacterial fuel cells in weightlessness (BugNRG) - ESA
  55. Study of the behaviour of a rigid body rotating around its centre of mass (APIS) - ESA
  56. VIDEO-3 (VI3): Filmed demonstrations of the effects of weightlessness on the human body. - ESA
  57. Cell-Cell Interaction of Monocytes and T-Lymphocytes in microgravity - MIA - ESA
  58. IMMUNO - ESA
  59. Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) - ESA
  60. Neuroendocrine and immune responses in humans during and after long term stay at ISS (IMMUNO) - ESA
  61. Neuroendocrine and immune responses in humans during and after long term stay at ISS (IMMUNO) - ESA
  62. Role of weightlessness on actin metabolism in mammalian cells (ACTIN) - ESA
  63. Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  64. Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  65. Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  66. Sympathoadrenal activity in humans during spaceflight (SYMPATHO-2) - ESA
  67. Dosimetry for biological experiments in space (DOBIES) - ESA
  68. Molecular adaptation strategies of micro-organisms to different space and planetary UV climate conditions (ADAPT) - ESA
  69. Photo-and exobiology experiment (EXPOSE-R and EXPOSE-E) - ESA
  70. PRebiotic Organic ChEmistry on Space Station (PROCESS) - ESA
  71. Resistance of lichens and lithic fungi at space conditions (LIFE) - ESA
  72. Resistance of spacecraft isolates to outer space for planetary protection purposes (PROTECT) - ESA
  73. Testing the plant seed as a terrestrial model for panspermia vehicle and as a source for universal UV screens (SEEDS) - ESA
  74. Renal stone risk during spaceflight: Assessment and countermeasure validation (RENAL STONE) - ESA
  75. Cardiac Adapted Sleep Parameters Electrocardiogram Recorder (CASPER) - ESA
  76. Cultural determinants of performance and error management at the International Space Station (CULT) - ESA
  77. Cultural determinants of performance and error management at the International Space Station (CULT) - ESA
  78. Ambiguous Tilt and Translation Motion Cues After Space Flight (Zag) - ESA
  79. Astronaut's Energy Requirements for Long-Term Space Flight (ENERGY) - ESA
  80. Bone Proteomics (BOP) - ESA
  81. Otolith Assessment During Postflight Re-adaptation (Otolith) - ESA
  82. Physiological analysis of skin in space (SKIN) - ESA
  83. SOdium LOading in Microgravity (SOLO) - ESA
  84. The effect of gravitational context on EEG dynamics: A study of spatial cognition, novelty processing and sensorimotor integration (NEUROSPAT) - ESA
  85. Validation of Centrifugation as a Countermeasure for Otolith Deconditioning During Spaceflight (Spin) - ESA
  86. Blood and Oxidative Stress - ESA
  87. Effects of microgravity on the haemopoietic system: A study on neocytolysis (NEOCYTOLYSIS) - ESA
  88. Monitoring Latent Virus Reactivation and Shedding in Crewmembers (VIRUS) - ESA
  89. PAthway DIfferent ACtivators (PADIAC) - ESA
  90. Role of interleukin-2 receptor in signal transduction and gravisensing threshold of T-lymphocytes (LEUKIN) - ESA
  91. Space flight induced reactivation of latent Epstein-Barr virus (EPSTEIN-BARR) - ESA
  92. The influence of weightlessness on the activation of NF-κB protein (KAPPA) - ESA
  93. Long Term Microgravity: A Model for Investigating Mechanisms of Heart Disease with New Portable Equipment (CARD) - ESA
  94. Bacteria Adaptation to Space Environment - Part 1 (BASE-A) - ESA
  95. Microbial Growth Kinetics Under Conditions of Microgravity (Biokin) - ESA
  96. Microbial life in Space: Response to environmental factors in a space vehicle (MICROSPACE) - ESA
  97. Molecular and physiological analysis of bacterial samples isolated from manned spacecraft (SAMPLE) - ESA
  98. SAMPLE - ESA
  99. Study of the composition, physiology and possible adaptation of microbial communities exposed to weightlessness (SAMPLE) - ESA
  100. Crews Health: Investigation on Reduced Operability (CHIRO) - ESA
  101. Hand Posture Analyser (HPA) - ESA
  102. Low Back Pain - ESA
  103. Low back pain (MUSCLE) - ESA
  104. Neo-Cartilage Formation in Microgravity Environment (CHONDRO) - ESA
  105. Response to microgravity of adult stem cells and osteoprogenitors from bone marrow - STROMA 2 - ESA
  106. Study of lower back pain in astronauts during spaceflight (MUSCLE) - ESA
  107. Crickets In Space 2 (CRISP-2) - ESA
  108. The effect of gravitational context on EEG dynamics: A study of spatial cognition, novelty processing and sensorimotor integration (NEUROSPAT) - ESA
  109. An investigation of space radiation effects on the functional state of the central nervous system and an operator´s working capacity (ALTEINO) - ESA
  110. Cognitive process for 3-D orientation perception and navigation in weightlessness (COGNI) - ESA
  111. Directed attention brain potentials in virtual 3D space in weightlessness (NEUROCOG) - ESA
  112. Directed attention brain potentials in virtual 3D space in Weightlessness (NEUROCOG) - ESA
  113. Evaluation of the orientation of Listing´s plane using the Eye Tracker Device (ETD) - ESA
  114. Evaluation of the orientation of Listing´s plane using the Eye Tracker Device (ETD) - ESA
  115. Measurement by Eye Tracking Device in orientation of the Listings plane (ETD) - ESA
  116. Orientation of Listing´s plane measurement by the Eye Tracking Device (ETD) - ESA
  117. Mental Representation of Spatial Cues During Space Flight (3D-Space) - ESA
  118. Motion perception: Vestibular adaptation to G-transitions (MOP) - ESA
  119. Motion perception: Vestibular adaptation to G-transitions (MOP) - ESA
  120. On the contribution of visceral receptors to the sense of subjective vertical - ESA
  121. Sleep-wake actigraphy and light exposure during spaceflight (SLEEP) - ESA
  122. Stress, cognition and physiological response during spaceflight. (COGNISPACE) - ESA
  123. Agrospace Experiments Suite - ESA
  124. Arabidopsis Thaliana in Space: Perception of Gravity, Signal Transduction and Graviresponse in Higher Plants (AT-Space) - ESA
  125. Effects of the space environment on the nuclear structure and function of plant root meristematic cells grown in microgravity (ROOT) - ESA
  126. Influence of gravity on the cytoskeleton and the determination of the division plane in plants (TUBUL) - ESA
  127. Study into interaction of effect of light and gravity on the growth processes of plants (GraPhoBox) - ESA
  128. Threshold Acceleration for Gravisensing (GRAVI 1) - ESA
  129. Vine In Near Orbit (VINO) - ESA
  130. Waving and Coiling of Arabidopsis Roots at Different g-levels (WAICO) - ESA
  131. http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/space/stories/space-zucchinis-life-and-times-shared-by-astronaut
  132. Special Event Meals (SEM) - ESA
  133. Advanced Dosimetric Telescope on EuTEF (DOSTEL) - ESA
  134. ALTEINO long term monitoring of cosmic rays on the International Space Station (ALTCRISS) - ESA
  135. ALTEINO long term monitoring of cosmic rays on the International Space Station (ALTCRISS) - ESA
  136. ALTEINO long term monitoring of cosmic rays on the International Space Station (ALTCRISS) - ESA
  137. Biodosimetry in astronauts - ESA
  138. MATROSHKA-1 - ESA
  139. Measuring radiation hazards in space (MATROSHKA-2a) - ESA
  140. Measuring radiation hazards in space (MATROSHKA-2a) - ESA
  141. Measuring radiation hazards in space (MATROSHKA-2a) - ESA
  142. Study of the depth dose distribution inside a human phantom using the MATROSHKA facility onboard [sic] the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (MATROSHKA-2B) - ESA
  143. Cardiorespiratory adaptation to the space environment (CARDIORESPIR) - ESA
  144. ESANO-1 - ESA
  145. ESANO-2 - ESA
  146. Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  147. Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  148. Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  149. Lightning and Sprites Observations (LSO) - ESA
  150. Combustion synthesis under microgravity conditions (COSMIC) - ESA
  151. Earth Viewing Camera (EVC) - ESA
  152. Observation of environmental phenomena (IMEDIAS) - ESA
  153. A demonstration of physical phenomena in space. (VIDEO) - ESA
  154. Amateur Radio on ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  155. Amateur Radio on the International Space Station (ARISS) - ESA
  156. Amateur radio on the ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  157. Amateur radio on the ISS (ARISS) - ESA
  158. Earth Viewing Camera (EVC) - ESA
  159. Electrostatic Self-Assembly Demonstration (ESD) - ESA
  160. Oil emulsion experiment - ESA
  161. SOLar Auto-Calibrating EUV/UV Spectrophotometers (SOLACES) - ESA
  162. SOLar SPECtral Irradiance Measurements (SOLSPEC) - ESA
  163. SOlar Variable and Irradiance Monitor (SOVIM) - ESA
  164. Selectable Optical Diagnostics Instrument-Influence of VIbrations on DIffusion of Liquids (SODI-IVIDIL) - ESA
  165. Simulation of Geophysical Fluid Flow Under Microgravity (Geoflow) - ESA
  166. Foam Casting and Utilization in Space (FOCUS)Foam Casting and Utilization in Space (FOCUS) - ESA
  167. Foam-Stability (Foam-Stability) - ESA
  168. Influence of mass transport and surface growth processes on protein crystal perfection (PCDF/PROTEIN) - ESA
  169. Columnar-to-Equiaxed Transition in Solidification Processing and Microstructure Formation in Casting of Technical Alloys under Diffusive and Magnetically Controlled Convective Conditions (CETSOL and MICAST) - ESA
  170. Study of aggregation mechanism and kinetics of ZSM-5 and Silicalite-1 nanoslabs into ZSM-5 / Silicalite-1 hybrid phases under microgravity conditions (NANOSLAB) - ESA
  171. Study of the structure and morphology of zeogrids obtained under microgravity conditions (ZEOGRID) - ESA
  172. Atomic densities measured Radially in metal halide lamps under microGravity conditions with Emission and absorption Spectroscopy (ARGES) - ESA
  173. PKE-Nefedov extended research programme Growth of particles under microgravity conditions - ESA
  174. "PKE Nefedov - MPE". Archived from the original on 2015-09-10. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
  175. Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  176. Plasma crystal research on the ISS (PK-3 Plus) - ESA
  177. "PK-3 Plus - MPE". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2014-12-12.
  178. Diffusion coefficients in crude oils (DCCO) - ESA
  179. Defects in biomolecular crystals induced by growth in space and on Earth (PROMISS) - ESA
  180. Granada Crystallisation Facility (GCF) - ESA
  181. PROMISS-4 - ESA
  182. Active monitoring of the UV and ionising radiation conditions (R3D) - ESA
  183. Advanced Dosimetric Telescope on EuTEF (DOSTEL) - ESA
  184. Dose Distribution inside ISS (DOSIS) - ESA
  185. Material Exposure and Degradation Experiment (MEDET) - ESA
  186. Particle Flux Demonstrator (Particle_Flux) - ESA
  187. Study of the depth dose distribution inside a human phantom using the MATROSHKA facility onboard [sic] the Russian Segment of the International Space Station (MATROSHKA-2B) - ESA
  188. Tribology properties of materials in space (TRIBOLAB) - ESA
  189. Under The Background Influence (UTBI) - ESA
  190. Study of aggregation mechanism and kinetics of ZSM-5 and Silicate-1 nanoslabs into ZSM-5/Silicate-1 hybrid phases under near weightless conditions (NANOSLAB) - ESA
  191. Evaluation of a multi-purpose bag specially designed to assist an astronaut to manipulate objects in a weightless environment (MIRSUPIO) - ESA
  192. Functional in-orbit test of a new integrated crew garment system (VEST) - ESA
  193. Heat transfer performances of a grooved heat pipe (HEAT) - ESA
  194. Mouse Telemeter: Calibration of STAR accelerometers (MOT) - ESA
  195. Study of particle spectra and their influence on advanced components (SPICA-S) - ESA
  196. Tactile display aided orientation awareness (SUIT) - ESA
  197. 3D Camera (3DC) - ESA
  198. Analysis Experimentation Implementation Algorithms - ESA
  199. Electric Nose Monitoring (ENM) - ESA
  200. Electronics Space Test (EST) - ESA
  201. Erasmus Recording Binocular 2 (ERB-2) - ESA
  202. Erasmus Recording Binocular (ERB) - ESA
  203. Esperimento di Navigazione per Evento Italiano Dimostrativo di EGNOS (ENEIDE) - ESA
  204. EuTEMP - ESA
  205. Food Tray in Space (FTS) - ESA
  206. Garments for Orbital Activities in weightLessness (GOAL) and Vestibular Adaptation to G-Transitions: Motion Perception (GOAL/MOP) - ESA
  207. Heart Beat Monitoring (HBM) - ESA
  208. Low Altitude Zone Ionising Observatory (LAZIO) - ESA
  209. Specular Point-like Quick Reference (SPQR) - ESA
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