EMD G12

The EMD G12 was a class of locomotive built by GM-EMD, and its Canadian affiliate General Motors Diesel. In addition, Australian licensee Clyde Engineering built ten locomotives for New Zealand in 1957, five for Hong Kong, 23 for Queensland, 14 for Western Australia and seven for BHP. Australian licensee Commonwealth Engineering also built 42 for Queensland Rail in 1964–66. Many examples were built in the 1950-1960s for railroads all over the world.

EMD G12 series
Class M2 570 - "ALBERTA" in Sri Lanka
Type and origin
Power typeDiesel-electric
BuilderGeneral Motors Electro-Motive Division (USA),
General Motors Diesel (Canada)
Clyde Engineering (Australia)
ModelG12
Build date1953-1968
Total producedB-B version: 670
A1A-A1A version: 300
C-C version: 66
Specifications
Configuration:
  AARA1A-A1A and B-B
Gauge1,000 mm (3 ft 3 38 in)
3 ft 6 in (1,067 mm)
4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
5 ft 3 in (1,600 mm)
5 ft 6 in (1,676 mm)
Loco weight107 long tons (109 t; 120 short tons)
Fuel capacity2,840 litres (750 US gal; 620 imp gal)
Prime moverEMD 567
Engine typetwo-stroke V12 diesel
Cylinders12
Cylinder size8.5 in × 10 in (216 mm × 254 mm)
TransmissionElectric
Performance figures
Power output1,310 or 1,425 bhp (977 or 1,063 kW)
Tractive effort19,100 kgf (187.3 kN; 42,108.3 lbf)
Career
DispositionMost scrapped, many preserved, some still in service

They are powered by EMD 12-567C prime movers rated at 1,250 hp (930 kW). Some have been rebuilt with EMD 645 engines. The A1A-A1A version had a lower axle loading than the Bo-Bo version.

Original Owners

Bo-Bo version

Australia

Brazil

A total of 241 locomotives:

Canada

Chile

  • 3 Andes Copper Mining 81–83

Egypt

  • 97 Egyptian Railways 3701–3797.[2] During the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel captured 3712, 3715, 3766 and 3795, which were appropriated to Israel Railways stock.

Israel

  • 23 Israel Railways 104–126,[3] some since rebuilt with 12-645E engines. After the 1967 Six-Day War, four captured Egyptian G12s were renumbered 127–130.[4]

Iran

Hong Kong

Mexico

Netherlands

  • 5 Dutch State Mines SM 151-155 (Built in 1956-1959 under license as Henschel G12 in Germany). In 1970 sold to the Nederlandse Spoorwegen as series NS 2901-2905. In 1975 sold to Ferrocarriles de Vía Estrecha in Spain.

South Korea

Nigeria

Norway

Sri Lanka

Class M2C 626–627 (Before 2010 it used only for upcountry between Rathmalana, Colombo- Kandy, Badulla.)

Venezuela

  • Government Coal Mines 01–03

A1A-A1A version

Argentina

Australia

Brazil

A total of 26 locomotives:

Indonesia

Mexico

New Zealand

Sri Lanka

  • 12 Sri Lanka Railways.[6] All except M2 571 still in daily operation (1). Classified as Class M2
    • Class M2 569–573 An one locomotive (M2 571) destroyed by terrorism.
    • Class M2A 591–593
    • Class M2B 594–595
    • Class M2D 628–629

Taiwan

USA

Co-Co version

Australia

A total of 66 locomotives:

See also

References

  1. http://www.trafikverket.se/jarnvagsmuseum/publik-trafik/museitag/vara-tag/Diesel/T42-205/
  2. Hughes, Hugh (1981). Middle East Railways. Harrow: Continental Railway Circle. p. 26. ISBN 0-9503469-7-7.
  3. Cotterell, Paul (1984). The Railways of Palestine and Israel. Abingdon: Tourret Publishing. p. 136. ISBN 0-905878-04-3. External link in |publisher= (help)
  4. Cotterell, 1984, page 103
  5. "Diesel Electric Engine No. 51 - "Sir Alexander"" (PDF). Hong Kong Heritage Museum. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  6. "Mainline Diesel-Electrics". infolanka.com.

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