E7 Series Shinkansen

The E7 series (E7系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on the Hokuriku Shinkansen since 15 March 2014.[4][5] It also operates on the Jōetsu Shinkansen following the March 2019 timetable revision.

E7 series
E7 series set F4 on an Asama service in April 2014
In service15 March 2014 – Present
ManufacturerHitachi, J-TREC, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
ReplacedE2 series, E4 series
Number built264 vehicles (22 sets) (as of 1 January 2019)
Number in service168 vehicles (14 sets)
Number scrapped96 vehicles (8 sets, flood damage)[1][2][3]
Formation12 cars per set
Fleet numbersF1–F22
Operator(s)JR East
Depot(s)Nagano, Niigata
Line(s) servedHokuriku Shinkansen, Jōetsu Shinkansen
Car body constructionAluminium alloy
Car length26,000 mm (85 ft 4 in) (end cars)
25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)
Width3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)
Height3,650 mm (12 ft 0 in)
Doors2 sliding doors per side
Maximum speedDesign: 275 km/h (170 mph)
Service: 260 km/h (160 mph)
Weightapprox. 540 t
Power output12 MW
Acceleration1.6 km/h/s
Electric system(s)25 kV AC, 50/60 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection methodSingle-arm pantograph
Safety system(s)DS-ATC, RS-ATC
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

Jointly developed alongside the similar JR West W7 series, the first E7 series trains were delivered in late 2013.


Based on the earlier E2 series trains, the E7 series trains are designed with a "Japanese" theme inside and out, combining futuristic styling with traditional design elements overseen by industrial designer Ken Okuyama together with Kawasaki Heavy Industries.[6] Externally, the roof is finished in a "sky blue" colour, and the bodysides are "ivory white" with "copper" and "sky blue" lining.[7] The bodyside logos consist of a number "7" in silver stylized as an arrowhead, and include the lettering "East Japan Railway Company".[8]

Manufacture of the E7 series sets was shared between Hitachi in Kudamatsu, Yamaguchi, J-TREC in Yokohama, and Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Kobe.[9]

The trains have a maximum design speed of 275 km/h (170 mph),[10] but operate at a maximum speed of 260 km/h (160 mph) on the Hokuriku Shinkansen, limited to 240 km/h (150 mph) on the Jōetsu Shinkansen tracks between Omiya and Takasaki, and to 110 km/h (70 mph) on the Tohoku Shinkansen tracks between Tokyo and Omiya.[5] Increased power output enables the trains to maintain speeds of at least 210 km/h (130 mph) on the steep gradients of the Hokuriku Shinkansen.[11]

Car 12 (Gran Class) is equipped with full active suspension, and the other cars are equipped with semi-active suspension.[10]


  • Kagayaki (Tokyo - Kanazawa), since March 2015
  • Hakutaka (Tokyo - Kanazawa), since March 2015
  • Tsurugi (Toyama - Kanazawa), since March 2015
  • Asama (Tokyo - Nagano), since March 2014
  • Toki (Tokyo - Niigata), since March 3, 2019

The trains entered regular passenger service from the start of the revised JR East timetable on 15 March 2014, with three trainsets introduced on Asama services on the Hokuriku Shinkansen (then still called the Nagano Shinkansen) between Tokyo and Nagano.[4] Initially, E7 series trainsets operated seven return Asama services daily, with a further four return workings added from 19 April 2014.[4]

Since 14 March 2015, with the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen extension from Nagano to Kanazawa, E7 series trainsets are also used on Hakutaka, Kagayaki, and Tsurugi services alongside the similar design JR West W7 series trains.[12]


The 12-car sets are numbered "F1" onward, and consist of 10 motored intermediate cars with non-powered (trailer) end cars.[10] Car 11 provides Green car (first class) accommodation, and car 12 provides Gran Class luxury accommodation.[10] Sets are formed as shown below, with car 1 at the Tokyo end.[13]

Car No. 123456789101112
Designation TcM2M1M2M1M2M1M2M1M2M1sTsc
Numbering E723E726-100E725E726-200E725-100E726-300E725-200E726-400E725-400E726-500E715E714
Weight (t) 41.344.746.145.246.445.246.545.246.445.045.644.5
Capacity 5010085100859058100851006318
Facilities Toilets Toilets, phone Toilets Wheelchair space, universal access toilet, phone Toilets Wheelchair space, universal access toiletToilets

Cars 3 and 7 are each equipped with a single-arm pantograph.[13]


The 12-car trains have accommodation in three levels of service: Gran Class, Green car, and ordinary-class cars, with a total seating capacity of 934.[5] Gran Class seating (car 12) is arranged 2+1 abreast with a seat pitch of 1,300 mm (51 in), Green car seating (car 11) is arranged 2+2 abreast with a seat pitch of 1,160 mm (46 in), and ordinary seating (cars 1 to 10) is arranged 3+2 abreast with a seat pitch of 1,040 mm (41 in).[10] AC power outlets are provided for each seat in all three classes.[10] The Gran class seats are supplied by Toyota Boshoku.[14] Car saloons and vestibule areas are equipped with security cameras.[7] Between October and December 2015, luggage racks are scheduled to be added at one end of each of the even-numbered ordinary class cars and also in Green car 11, by removing a pair of seats (1D and 1E). The luggage racks are to cater to the increased number of overseas tourists with suitcases and also passengers with ski and snowboard equipment in the winter season.[15]


In December 2011, the Mainichi Shimbun reported that JR East was considering developing new E7 series 10-car sets based on the existing E2 series design for use on Hokuriku Shinkansen services.[16] Details of the new trains were formally announced jointly by JR East and JR West on 4 September 2012.[7]

The first E7 series train was delivered to Sendai Depot in November 2013, and shown off to the media on 28 November.[17] Night-time testing commenced in December 2013 on the Nagano Shinkansen, with daytime test-running between Nagano and Tokyo starting on 8 January 2014.[18] The design of the logo to be applied to the sides of cars 1 and 12 was officially unveiled in February 2014.[8]

The first three trains, sets F1 to F3, entered regular passenger service from the start of the revised JR East timetable on 15 March 2014.[19] The entire fleet of 17 sets, numbered F1 to F17, was delivered by the start of the 14 March 2015 timetable revision, although sets F16 and F17 did not enter revenue service until after this date.[19]

In April 2015, JR East announced that it was ordering an additional E7 series set to be introduced from autumn 2015, replacing the remaining E2 series trainsets used on regularly scheduled Hokuriku Shinkansen Asama services.[20]

In May 2015, the E7 series and JR West W7 series were awarded the 2015 Blue Ribbon Award, presented annually by the Japan Railfan Club.[21] A presentation ceremony was held at JR West's Hakusan Depot on 24 October 2015.[22]

On October 12, 2019, 8 E7 series (sets F1, F2, F7, F8, F10, F14, F16 and F18) and 2 W7 series (sets W2 and W7) trains were damaged due to floodwaters from Typhoon Hagibis, while they were stored at JR East Nagano Shinkansen Vehicle center. [23]

Fleet list

As of 1 January 2019, 22 sets are in service, with build details as follows.[24] *Sets F1, F2, F7, F8, F10, F14, F16 and F18 were withdrawn in 2019 following flood damage sustained during Typhoon Hagibis.[25] 19 sets are based at Nagano Shinkansen Depot and three sets are based at Niigata Depot.[24]

Set No.ManufacturerDelivery date
*F1Kawasaki Heavy Industries27 November 2013
*F2Hitachi25 December 2013
F3Hitachi30 January 2014
F4Kawasaki Heavy Industries24 February 2014
F5Kawasaki Heavy Industries18 March 2014
F6Kawasaki Heavy Industries2 June 2014
*F7J-TREC Yokohama26 June 2014
*F8J-TREC Yokohama14 July 2014
F9J-TREC Yokohama27 August 2014
*F10Hitachi16 September 2014
F11J-TREC Yokohama6 October 2014
F12J-TREC Yokohama10 November 2014
F13Hitachi19 December 2014
*F14Hitachi19 January 2015
F15Kawasaki Heavy Industries6 February 2015
*F16Hitachi8 April 2015
F17Kawasaki Heavy Industries6 March 2015
*F18J-TREC Yokohama26 October 2015
F19Kawasaki Heavy Industries3 April 2017[26]
F20Kawasaki Heavy Industries31 October 2018
F21Hitachi20 November 2018
F22Kawasaki Heavy Industries5 December 2018

(*To be scrapped due to flood damage sustained from Typhoon Hagibis.)[25]

See also

  • List of high speed trains


  1. "Japan typhoon Hagibis: Ten flooded bullet trains scrapped". 6 November 2019 via www.bbc.com.
  2. "Japan's typhoon-damaged bullet trains to be scrapped - Xinhua | English.news.cn". www.xinhuanet.com.
  3. "Halted by typhoon, Tokyo-Kanazawa direct bullet train services to resume Oct. 25". 19 October 2019 via Japan Times Online.
  4. 3月15日ダイヤ改正と各地の話題  [15 March timetable revision and topics from around the regions]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 43 no. 361. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. May 2014. p. 12.
  5. "E7系・W7系新幹線電車" [E7/W7 series shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 52 no. 619. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. November 2012. pp. 48–49.
  6. 北陸路走る 伝統と未来 新幹線デザイン決定 [Hokuriku Shinkansen design announced - tradition and future]. Chunichi Web (in Japanese). Japan: The Chunichi Shimbun. 5 September 2012. Archived from the original on 9 September 2012. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
  7. 北陸新幹線用の新型車両について [New trains for Hokuriku Shinkansen] (PDF). Press release (in Japanese). Japan: JR East & JR West. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  8. 北陸新幹線用新型車両シンボルマークデザイン決定 [Logo design finalized for new Hokuriku Shinkansen trains] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company & West Japan Railway Company. 13 February 2014. Retrieved 13 February 2014.
  9. 総合車両製作所、北陸新幹線の車両生産工場増強-60両5編成受注 [J-TREC expands its rolling stock manufacturing facilities for Hokuriku Shinkansen trains, with order for 60 vehicles]. Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun Business Line (in Japanese). Japan: The Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun Ltd. 26 June 2013. Archived from the original on 3 July 2013. Retrieved 3 July 2013.
  10. "E7系新幹線電車" [E7 series shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 54 no. 634. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. February 2014. pp. 9–13.
  11. Saito, Masatoshi (4 September 2012). JR東:北陸新幹線の新型車両「E7系」概要発表 [JR East announces details of new E7 series for Hokuriku Shinkansen]. Mainichi jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. Retrieved 4 September 2012.
  12. 北陸新幹線 長野~金沢間開業に伴う運行計画の概要について [Outline of service plans for opening of Hokuriku Shinkansen from Nagano to Kanazawa] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: JR East & JR West. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2014.
  13. "E7系・W7系新幹線電車" [E7/W7 series shinkansen EMU]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 54 no. 635. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. March 2014. pp. 57–64.
  14. トヨタ紡織、鉄道車両用シートを初受注 ~ 北陸新幹線「グランクラス」に採用 ~ [Toyota Boshoku wins first order for train seats - to be used on Hokuriku Shinkansen "Gran Class"]. News Release (in Japanese). Japan: Toyota Boshuku Corporation. 16 April 2013. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
  15. 北陸新幹線E7系・W7系への荷物置場の設置について [Installation of luggage racks on Hokuriku Shinkansen E7/W7 series trains]. News release (in Japanese). Japan: West Japan Railway Company. 3 September 2015. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  16. Saito, Masatoshi (13 December 2011). 北陸新幹線:山越え時速200キロ、パワフル「E7系」金沢へ 延伸でJR東日本開発 [JR East to develop powerful E7 series to maintain 200 km/h through mountains to Kanazawa on Hokuriku Shinkansen]. Mainichi jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. Archived from the original on 31 December 2013. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  17. 流線型に銅色ライン…北陸新幹線「E7系」公開 [Streamlined form with copper lining - Hokuriku Shinkansen "E7 series" unveiled]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 28 November 2013. Archived from the original on 28 November 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
  18. E7系、昼の信濃路を疾走 長野-東京間試験走行 [E7 series starts daytime test-running between Nagano and Tokyo]. Shinmai Web (in Japanese). Japan: The Shinano Mainichi Shimbun. 9 January 2014. Archived from the original on 9 January 2014. Retrieved 11 January 2014.
  19. 平成27年3月14日ダイヤ改正にともなうJR東日本車両の動き [Rolling stock changes connected with the 14 March 2015 timetable revision]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 55 no. 649. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. May 2015. p. 68.
  20. JR西 130億円増収効果 16年3月期予想 秋以降に車両追加 [JR West forecasts profits of 13 billion yen for March 2016 - Additional train from autumn]. Chunichi Web (in Japanese). Japan: The Chunichi Shimbun. 1 May 2015. Archived from the original on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  21. ブルーリボン賞・ローレル賞 [Blue Ribbon Award & Laurel Prize] (in Japanese). Japan: Japan Railfan Club. May 2016. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  22. E7系・W7系 ブルーリボン賞を受賞 [E7 and W7 series receive Blue Ribbon Award]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 56 no. 658. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. February 2016. p. 67.
  23. "北陸新幹線、10編成が水につかる 台風19号、車両センター水没 | 社会 | 福井のニュース". 福井新聞ONLINE.
  24. JR電車編成表 2017夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2017] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 18 May 2017. ISBN 978-4-330-78717-6.
  25. JR車両のうごき [JR rolling stock changes]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 401. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. September 2017. p. 84.
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