E5 Series Shinkansen

The E5 series (E5系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) on Tōhoku Shinkansen services since 5 March 2011[4] and on Hokkaido Shinkansen services since 26 March 2016. A total of 59 10-car sets are on order, with three sets in service in time for the start of new Hayabusa services to Shin-Aomori in March 2011.[5]

E5 series
E5 series shinkansen on a Hayabusa service, March 2011
ManufacturerHitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries
Replaced200 series, E1 series, E2 series, E4 series
Entered serviceMarch 2011
Number under construction160 vehicles (16 sets)
Number built430 vehicles (43 sets)
Number in service430 vehicles (43 sets) (as of 1 April 2019)
Formation10 cars per trainset
Fleet numbersU1
Capacity731 (658 Standard, 55 Green, 18 Gran Class)[1]
Operator(s)JR East
Line(s) servedTōhoku Shinkansen, Hokkaido Shinkansen
Car body constructionAluminium alloy
Train length253 m (830 ft)
Car length26,500 mm (86 ft 11 in)
(end cars)
25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars)[2]
Width3,350 mm (11 ft 0 in)
Height3,650 mm (12 ft 0 in)
DoorsE514: one per side plus one cab access door per side
E515: one per side
E523: two per side plus one cab access door per side
Other intermediate cars: two per side
Maximum speed320 km/h (200 mph)
Weight453.5 t (446.3 long tons; 499.9 short tons)
Traction systemMT207 AC traction motors (300 kW)[3]
Power output9,600 kW (12,870 hp)
Acceleration1.71 km/(h⋅s) (0.48 m/s/s)
Electric system(s)25 kV AC, 50 Hz overhead catenary
Current collection methodPantograph
BogiesDT209 (motored), TR7008 (trailer)
Braking system(s)Regenerative brake
Safety system(s)DS-ATC
Multiple workingE3 series/E6 series
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge


Technology incorporated in these trains is derived from the experimental Fastech 360S train tested by JR East. The initial maximum speed in service was 300 km/h (186 mph), but this was raised to 320 km/h (199 mph) between Utsunomiya and Morioka from the start of the revised timetable on 16 March 2013.[6] The trains feature an electric active suspension.[7]


As of 26 March 2016, E5 series trainsets work in a pool with similar JR Hokkaido H5 series trainsets,[8] and are used on the following services on the Tohoku and Hokkaido Shinkansen lines:[9]

E5 series trainsets were first introduced on the new Hayabusa services between Tokyo and Shin-Aomori from 5 March 2011, initially operating at a maximum speed of 300 km/h. From 19 November 2011, a total of six E5 series trainsets were in operation, with sets also used on some Hayate and Yamabiko services. Hayate services operated coupled with E3 series Komachi services, and were limited to a maximum speed of 275 km/h.[10] From the start of the revised timetable on 17 March 2012, E5 series sets were also introduced used on some Nasuno all-stations services.[11]


The exterior design of the trains is broadly based on the experimental Fastech 360S train, with a colour scheme of "Tokiwa" (常盤) green for the upper body and "Hiun" (飛雲) white for the lower body, separated by a "Hayate" pink stripe.[12]


Gran Class

Car 10 (at the Aomori end) is designated "Gran Class", featuring 18 power-reclining "shell" seats with leather seat covers arranged in 2+1 abreast configuration.[13] Originally given the provisional name "Super Green Car", seat pitch in the Gran Class car is 1,300 mm (51.2 in).[14] Seats are 520 mm (20.5 in) wide and recline to a maximum angle of 45 degrees.[13] The pre-series set, S11, did not initially include Gran Class accommodation.[1]

Green car

Car 9 is designated as "Green car" (first class) accommodation with 55 seats arranged in 2+2 abreast configuration. Seat pitch is 1,160 mm (45.7 in). Seats are 475 mm (18.7 in) wide and recline to an angle of 31 degrees.[13]

Ordinary class

Ordinary-class cars (cars 1 to 8) have a seat pitch of 1,040 mm (40.9 in), which is 60 mm (2.4 in) larger than on the E2 series trains.[2] Seating is arranged in 3+2 abreast configuration. AC power outlets are provided for window seats and rows of seats at car ends.[15]


The production sets are formed as follows, with car 1 at the Tokyo end and car 10 at the Aomori end.[16]

Car No. 12345678910
Designation T1cM2M1M2M1kM2M1M2M1sTsc
Numbering E523E526-100E525E526-200E525-400E526-300E525-100E526-400E515E514
Weight (t) 41.945.946.046.346.146.846.846.045.842.7
Capacity 291008510059100851005518
Facilities Toilet Toilet, cardphone Toilet, AED, cardphone, wheelchair space Toilet Toilet, wheelchair space, conductor's compartment 

Cars 3 and 7 each have one single-arm pantograph, although only one is normally raised in service.[17]


The pre-series set, S11, was delivered to Sendai Depot in May 2009 ahead of extensive test running on the Tohoku Shinkansen.[18] Cars 1 to 5 were built by Hitachi in Yamaguchi Prefecture, and cars 6 to 10 were built by Kawasaki Heavy Industries in Hyogo Prefecture.[19] Set S11 made its first appearance at Tokyo Station on 9 December 2009.[20]

The first full-production set, U2, was delivered to Sendai Depot in December 2010.[17]

In May 2012, the E5 series was awarded the 2012 Blue Ribbon Award, presented annually by the Japan Railfan Club.[21] A formal presentation ceremony was held at Tokyo Station on 20 November 2012.[22]

The pre-series set, S11, was upgraded to full-production standard in February 2013 and renumbered U1.[23] It retains the flush plug doors for the passenger doors immediately behind the driving cabs, whereas the full-production sets have recessed sliding doors.[23]

From the start of the revised timetable on 16 March 2013, the maximum speed in service was raised from 300 km/h (186 mph) to 320 km/h (199 mph) between Utsunomiya and Morioka.[6]

Fleet list

As of 1 April 2019, the fleet is as follows.[24]

Set number Manufacturer Date delivered Remarks
U1 Hitachi/Kawasaki HI 15 June 2009 Pre-series set, originally numbered S11, modified February 2013
U2 Kawasaki HI 13 December 2010 Full-production sets
U3 Hitachi 31 January 2011
U4 Hitachi 18 February 2011
U5 Hitachi 19 August 2011
U6 Kawasaki HI 27 September 2011
U7 Hitachi 13 October 2011
U8 Kawasaki HI 14 November 2011
U9 Kawasaki HI 5 December 2011
U10 Hitachi 30 January 2012
U11 Kawasaki HI 17 February 2012
U12 Kawasaki HI 2 April 2012
U13 Hitachi 26 April 2012
U14 Kawasaki HI 31 May 2012
U15 Hitachi 11 June 2012
U16 Hitachi 26 July 2012
U17 Kawasaki HI 24 August 2012
U18 Kawasaki HI 14 September 2012
U19 Kawasaki HI 12 October 2012
U20 Hitachi 22 November 2012
U21 Kawasaki HI 25 December 2012
U22 Hitachi 31 January 2013
U23 Kawasaki HI 22 February 2013
U24 Hitachi 28 March 2013
U25 Kawasaki HI 10 April 2013
U26 Hitachi 30 May 2013
U27 Kawasaki HI 7 June 2013
U28 Hitachi 26 July 2013
U29 Kawasaki HI 7 December 2015
U30 Hitachi 15 January 2016
U31 Kawasaki HI 1 February 2016
U32 Hitachi 3 February 2017
U33 Kawasaki HI 16 January 2017
U34 Hitachi 13 October 2017[25]
U35 Kawasaki HI 19 July 2017
U36 Kawasaki HI 25 August 2017
U37 Kawasaki HI 21 September 2017
U38 Kawasaki HI 9 February 2018
U39 Hitachi 24 August 2018
U40 Hitachi 11 January 2019
U41 Kawasaki HI 23 March 2018
U42 Hitachi 4 February 2019
U43 Kawasaki HI 4 March 2019

Special train services

A special Joetsu Shinkansen 30th Anniversary (上越新幹線開業30周年号」, Jōetsu Shinkansen Kaigyō 30-shūnen-gō) service ran from Niigata to Tokyo on 17 November 2012 using E5 series set U8, with a special ceremony at Niigata Station before departure.[26][27] This was the first revenue-earning service operated on the Joetsu Shinkansen by an E5 series trainset.[27]


An order for four 10-car trainsets based on the E5 series design was placed by JR Hokkaido in February 2014 for use on Hokkaido Shinkansen services from March 2016.[28] Classified H5 series, these trains incorporate minor interior design differences compared with the E5 series.[29]

Future developments

The E5 series trains have been chosen for use on the planned 16.8-billion dollar Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor in India, scheduled to open on 15 August 2022.[30]

See also

  • List of high speed trains


  1. MLIT press release: 東北新幹線に導入予定の新型高速新幹線車両(E5系)に係る安全性確認書の交付を行います (9 June 2009). Retrieved on 18 June 2009. (in Japanese)
  2. JR東日本 E5系新幹線電車(量産先行車) [JR East E5 series shinkansen pre-series train]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. 38 (304): 68–69. August 2009.
  3. 鉄道のテクノロジー 3 JR高速特急Part.1 [Railway Technology 3: JR High-speed Limited Express Trains Part.1] (in Japanese). Sanei Shobo Publishing. July 2009. p. 9. ISBN 978-4-7796-0669-4.
  4. 新しい東北新幹線の列車愛称等の決定について [Name selected for new Tohoku Shinkansen services] (PDF) (in Japanese). JR East. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  5. 新型新幹線は白とピンク スピード感表現 [New Shinkansen trains will be white and pink, expressing sense of speed] (in Japanese). Sankei News. 3 February 2009. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  6. JR電車編成表 2016冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 18 November 2015. p. 12. ISBN 978-4-330-62315-3.
  7. "NSSMC's Active Suspensions for Railway Cars Are Adopted for Kyushu Railway Company's Cruise Train "Seven Stars in Kyushu"". nipponsteel.com. Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal Corporation. 11 October 2013. Retrieved 1 August 2019.
  8. Ltd, DVV Media International. "Hokkaido Shinkansen inaugurated".
  9. JR時刻表 [JR Timetable] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 2016. pp. 977–979. EAN 4910053110464.
  10. 東北新幹線「はやぶさ」に投入しているE5系車両を「はやて」「やまびこ」に導入! [Tohoku Shinkansen "Hayabusa" E5 series trains to be introduced on "Hayate" and "Yamabiko" services] (PDF). Press release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 12 September 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  11. 2012年3月ダイヤ改正について [March 2012 Timetable Revision] (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.
  12. 新型高速新幹線車両(E5系)のデザインについて [Information on Design of New Shinkansen E5 Series Trains] (PDF) (in Japanese). JR East. 3 February 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  13. 新型高速新幹線車両(E5 系)「スーパーグリーン車(仮称)」の正式名称・インテリアデザイン決定について [Official name and interior design selected for new Tōhoku Shinkansen "Super Green Car"] (PDF) (in Japanese). JR East. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  14. "First Introduction of a 1st Class "Super Green Car" (tentative name) for New "Hayate" Shinkansen Trains (E5 Series)!" (PDF). JR East. 8 April 2008. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 January 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2009.
  15. Osaka, Naoki (10 April 2014). なぜ北陸新幹線は全席コンセント付きなのか [Why does the Hokuriku Shinkansen have power outlets for every seat?]. Toyo Keizai Online (in Japanese). Japan: Toyo Keizai Inc. p. 3. Retrieved 23 June 2014.
  16. JR東日本 E5系新幹線電車(量産車) [JR East E5 series Shinkansen (full-production version)]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine. Vol. 40 no. 322. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. February 2011. pp. 80–83.
  17. JR電車編成表 2012冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2012]. Japan: JRR. October 2011. p. 10. ISBN 978-4-330-25611-5.
  18. E5系S11編成仙台港に陸揚げ [E5 series set S11 unloaded at Sendai Port]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Koyusha Co., Ltd. 24 May 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2009.
  19. JR車両の動き  [JR Rolling Stock Changes]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 38 (305): 125. September 2009.
  20. E5系が東京へ初入線 [E5 series reaches Tokyo for first time]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Koyusha Co., Ltd. 10 December 2009. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
  21. ブルーリボン賞・ローレル賞 選定車両一覧 [Blue Ribbon Award & Laurel Prize Winner List] (in Japanese). Japan: Japan Railfan Club. 29 May 2012. Archived from the original on 26 October 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2012.
  22. ブルーリボン賞・ローレル賞受賞式 [Blue Ribbon and Laurel Prize Presentation Ceremonies]. Japan Railfan Magazine. Vol. 53 no. 622. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. February 2013. p. 64.
  23. E5系S11編成が量産化改造を実施 [E5 series set S11 modified to full-production standard]. RM News (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing. 28 February 2013. Retrieved 28 February 2013.
  24. JR電車編成表 2018冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2018] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 15 November 2017. p. 12. ISBN 978-4-330-84117-5.
  25. JR車両のうごき [JR rolling stock changes]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 47 no. 407. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. March 2018. p. 102.
  26. おかげさまで上越新幹線開業30周年 [Joetsu Shinkansen 30th Anniversary Celebrations] (PDF) (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company, Niigata Division. 12 September 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2012.
  27. 団体臨時列車「上越新幹線開業30周年記念号」,E5系で運転 [Special "Joetsu Shinkansen 30th Anniversary" runs using E5 series]. Japan Railfan Magazine Online (in Japanese). Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. 18 November 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
  28. 北海道新幹線4編成40両、年内に納入開始 JR社長会見、総額180億円 [4 Hokkaido Shinkansen sets to be delivered this year at cost of 18 billion yen]. Doshin Web (in Japanese). Japan: The Hokkaido Shimbun Press. 13 March 2014. Archived from the original on 12 March 2014. Retrieved 13 March 2014.
  29. 北海道新幹線「H5系」、内装には雪の結晶も [Hokkaido Shinkansen "H5 series" - Interiors to feature snowflake design]. Yomiuri Online (in Japanese). Japan: The Yomiuri Shimbun. 16 April 2014. Archived from the original on 15 April 2014. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  30. Sharma, Kiran (14 September 2017). "PM Modi and Japan's Abe launch Indian shinkansen project". Nikkei Asian Review. Nikkei Inc. Retrieved 31 July 2018.

Further reading

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