E4 Series Shinkansen
The E4 series (E4系) is a high-speed shinkansen train type operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan. They were the second series of completely bi-level Shinkansen trainsets to be built in Japan (the other being the E1 series). They operate on the Tōhoku and Jōetsu Shinkansen, and occasionally on the Nagano Shinkansen. E4 series trains feature double-decker cars to accommodate additional commuter traffic around Tokyo and other urban areas. They were often coupled to 400 series trains on the Tōhoku Shinkansen between Tokyo and Fukushima before the latter retired in April 2010.
A pair of E4 series sets led by set P6 at Ōmiya Station in May 2017
|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries|
|Entered service||December 1997|
|Number built||208 vehicles (26 sets)|
|Number in service||160 vehicles (20 sets) (as of 1 January 2018)|
|Number preserved||1 vehicle|
|Number scrapped||47 vehicles (6 sets)|
|Formation||8 cars per trainset|
|Fleet numbers||P1–P22, P51–P52, P81–P82|
|Capacity||817 (54 Green + 763 Standard)|
|Line(s) served||Joetsu Shinkansen|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||End cars: 25,700 mm (84 ft 4 in),|
Intermediate cars: 25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in)
|Width||3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)|
|Doors||2 per side|
|Maximum speed||240 km/h (150 mph)|
|Traction system||16 x 420 kW (560 hp) AC traction motors|
|Power output||6.72 MW (9,010 hp)|
|Deceleration||2.69 km/h/s (service),|
4.04 km/h/s (emergency)
|Power supply||overhead catenary|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC, 50 Hz|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Pneumatic and Regenerative|
|Safety system(s)||ATC-2, DS-ATC|
|Multiple working||400/E3-1000/E3-2000 series|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
Two eight-car sets can be coupled together for extra capacity: a sixteen-car E4 series formation trainset carries a total of 1,634 seated passengers, the highest-capacity high-speed rail trainset in the world.
26 units were built between 1997 and 2003. As with the earlier E1 series trains, maximum speed is 240 km/h (150 mph).
Sets P51 and P52, delivered in January and February 2001 were designed to cope with the steep gradients of the Nagano Shinkansen for use on services to Karuizawa.
Sets P81 and P82, delivered in July and November 2003 were designed to cope with the steep gradients of the Nagano Shinkansen, and are also capable of operating under 50 Hz and 60 Hz overhead power supplies for use on services to Nagano.
As with the earlier E1 series, the upper deck saloons of non-reserved cars 1 to 3 are arranged 3+3 with no individual armrests, and do not recline. The lower decks of these cars, and the reserved-seating saloons in cars 4 to 8 have regular 2+3 seating. The green car saloons on the upper decks of cars 7 to 8 have 2+2 seating. The trains have a total seating capacity of 817 passengers.
From 2014, the fleet of 24 sets still in service began to be repainted, receiving a new livery identical to that previously carried by the E1 series trains, with a toki (crested ibis) pink stripe separating the white on the upper body and blue on the lower body. The first reliveried set, P5, was returned to service in early April 2014, with the entire fleet due to be treated by the end of fiscal 2015.
End car E444-1 from set P1 was displayed at the Niigata City Niitsu Railway Museum in Niitsu, Niigata between July and September 2017. It was moved by road from Niigata Depot to the museum in the early hours of 20 June 2017.
|P1||Kawasaki HI||8 October 1997||12 May 2015||2 April 2016|
|P2||Hitachi||20 October 1997||-||3 July 2013|
|P3||Kawasaki HI||27 October 1997||-||26 July 2013|
|P4||Hitachi||10 February 1999||10 February 2016||13 September 2017|
|P5||Kawasaki HI||22 February 1999||3 April 2014||4 December 2017|
|P6||Hitachi||15 March 1999||11 June 2014||25 December 2017|
|P7||Hitachi||14 April 1999||25 March 2015|
|P8||Kawasaki HI||31 May 1999||3 July 2015|
|P9||Hitachi||21 June 1999||20 August 2015|
|P10||Kawasaki HI||12 July 1999||4 February 2015|
|P11||Hitachi||26 July 2000||3 March 2016|
|P12||Hitachi||28 August 2000|
|P13||Kawasaki HI||11 September 2000|
|P14||Hitachi||13 October 2000|
|P15||Kawasaki HI||16 October 2000|
|P16||Hitachi||27 November 2000||1 May 2014|
|P17||Hitachi||21 March 2001||30 September 2014|
|P18||Kawasaki HI||4 June 2001|
|P19||Kawasaki HI||25 June 2001||20 August 2015|
|P20||Hitachi||16 July 2001||9 October 2015|
|P21||Kawasaki HI||9 October 2001||4 November 2015|
|P22||Kawasaki HI||20 November 2001||18 December 2015|
|P51||Kawasaki HI||31 January 2001||7 July 2014|
|P52||Kawasaki HI||20 February 2001||27 August 2014|
|P81||Hitachi||30 July 2003||22 July 2015|
|P82||Kawasaki HI||20 November 2003||19 January 2016|
- JR全車輌ハンドブック2006 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2006]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2006. ISBN 4-7770-0453-8.
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- JR電車編成表 2010夏 [JR EMU Formations - Summer 2010]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. May 2010. p. 9. ISBN 978-4-330-14310-1.
- Saito, Masatoshi (9 March 2011). ＪＲ東：２階建て新幹線「Ｍａｘ」５年後全廃 老朽化進み [JR East to withdraw all "Max" double-decker trains within 5 years]. Mainichi jp (in Japanese). Japan: The Mainichi Newspapers. Archived from the original on 10 March 2011. Retrieved 9 March 2011.
- JR電車編成表 2018冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2018] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 15 November 2017. p. 13. ISBN 978-4-330-84117-5.
- E4系P編成が塗装変更を実施 [E4 series P sets repainted]. RM News (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 7 April 2014. Retrieved 7 April 2014.
- "上越新幹線(E４系)のエクステリアデザインが生まれ変わります!" [Exterior design of Joetsu Shinkansen E4 series to be updated] (PDF). News release (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company - Niigata Division. 26 March 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014.
- JR電車編成表 2014冬 [JR EMU Formations - Winter 2014]. Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 1 December 2013. p. 356. ISBN 978-4-330-42413-2.
- 新津鉄道資料館 新規実物車輌展示 [New rolling stock exhibits at Niigata City Niitsu Railway Museum]. Tetsudo Hobidas (in Japanese). Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. 7 June 2017. Archived from the original on 8 June 2017. Retrieved 8 June 2017.
- 深夜の住宅街、新幹線ゆっくり陸送 新潟 [Shinkansen transported slowly by road late at night through residential area in Niigata]. Asahi Shimbun Digital (in Japanese). Japan: The Asahi Shimbun Company. 21 June 2017. Archived from the original on 21 June 2017. Retrieved 21 June 2017.
- JR車両のうごき [JR rolling stock changes]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 45 no. 389. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. September 2016. p. 81, 357.
- JR車両のうごき [JR rolling stock changes]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 47 no. 407. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. March 2018. p. 103.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to E4 series Shinkansen.|
- E4 Series Max Toki/Max Tanigawa (in Japanese)